Why your subconscious makes you crave naughty foods during a diet

Why is it that even when we have the best of intentions, dieting is so difficult?

THE UK’s diet industry is thriving to say the least.

More than half of British adults try to lose weight by controlling their calorie intake each year. Unfortunately, losing weight is not as easy as turning down a biscuit, or opting for salad. And even those who have been successful in their dieting endeavours find it difficult to do.

So why is it that even when we have the best of intentions, dieting is so difficult? Why can’t we control those cravings?

1. Food cues

We’ve all done it: walked past a tasty-looking supermarket stand, or smelled something delicious and immediately started drooling over whatever treat is on display, regardless of calorie content or nutrition.

Sensory food cues like these can be difficult to ignore and aren’t just triggered by taste or smell — advertising or brand logos can tempt us in too.

When we are hungry, the hormone gherlin stimulates the brain, which means that we notice food cues more.

Sensory food cues can be difficult to ignore and aren’t just triggered by taste or smell

Sensory food cues can be difficult to ignore and aren’t just triggered by taste or smellSource:istock

Researchers have also found that our brains pay more attention to cues for unhealthy foods — those which are high in sugar and fat — than healthy foods, when we are hungry. In studies where pictures of high-calorie foods were shown to participants, it was found that the cues elicited anticipatory appetite responses, such as salivation, cravings and a reported desire to eat.

All of this together means that the attention-grabbing properties of high-calorie foods are likely to present a significant challenge for individuals who are attempting to lose weight — particularly if their diet makes them feel hungry.

On a positive note, it may be possible to train ourselves to ignore tempting cues. One study has shown that participants who were taught to ignore high calorie food cues on a computer-based task consumed less snack foods than those who were trained to pay attention to them

2. Forbidden foods are more tempting

Dieting often involves “giving up” more pleasurable foods in an attempt to reduce calorie intake. But if we are asked to avoid eating a food we enjoy, researchers have found that we will crave it — and even have a greater desire to consume the forbidden item than if we have not been deprived.

If we are asked to avoid eating a food we enjoy, researchers have found that we will crave it.

If we are asked to avoid eating a food we enjoy, researchers have found that we will crave it.Source:istock

In another study, frequent consumers of chocolate were asked not to eat any for a week. In this case the participants found images of chocolate and other high-calorie food items more salient — the deprivation had made them want the high calorie foods more — than the chocolate eaters who had not been deprived.

In addition, when asked to taste a forbidden food, it has been found that research participants who have been deprived of it will typically consume more calories.

All of this means that even when dieters attempt to avoid foods that are pleasurable, the behavioural and cognitive response to deprivation may inadvertently be creating more temptation.

3. The “what-the-hell” effect

When trying to lose weight, choices about what to eat and when it should be eaten are usually constrained by the rules of a chosen diet plan. But rigid dieting rules are problematic, as any eating behaviour that does not rely on the physiological signals of hunger increases the risk of overeating.

Another problem with dieting rules is that only a small violation — a sneaky slice of cake, for example — is enough to derail the whole diet.

Researchers call this the “what-the-hell effect” — and it has been demonstrated in a number of laboratory experiments. Studies consistently show that dieters who believe they have consumed a high-calorie snack — and so have broken the rules of their diet — will consume more calories during a later meal than those who do not think they have violated the rules.

Studies show people who consume a high-calorie snack — and so have broken the rules of their diet — will consume more calories during a later meal.

Studies show people who consume a high-calorie snack — and so have broken the rules of their diet — will consume more calories during a later meal.Source:istock

Although in real terms eating a few extra calories is unlikely to have a major impact on a diet, such lapses can have a bigger psychological impact. Dieting “failure” is likely to trigger negative emotions such as guilt or stress, both of which are known to cause overeating.

So what can be learned from all of this? Diets which require the dieter to follow rigid rules or forbid them from consuming foods they enjoy appear to be problematic, as they paradoxically increase the risk of overeating. Instead, it may be useful for dieters to acknowledge that humans are inherently drawn to high-calorie foods and that these cues present the most temptation if we are hungry.

Rising rates of obesity mean that many more of us are turning to diets to lose weight. However, while there is no perfect diet to help us achieve our health goals, understanding how the brain works, and recognising the psychological effects of dieting may help us regain control in the face of temptation.

This article appeared on The Conversation and has been republished with permission.

[“Source-news”]

Hair loss in men: THIS shower habit could be why you’re going bald

Image result for Hair loss in men: THIS shower habit could be why you're going baldThe UK has the fifth highest number of bald men in the world.

Indeed, almost 40 per cent of men in this country are losing their hair.

It’s often hereditary – male pattern baldness or androgenic alopecia, which is related to genes and male sex hormones, accounts for 95 per cent of hair loss in men.

Other reasons for thinning hair include stress, anaemia, protein deficiency and low vitamin levels.

Hair loss: It affects 40 per cent of men in the UK
Bald man
However, surprisingly, a recent study published in JAMA Dermatology found there’s no relationship between hair loss and testosterone levels in men.

If you want to maintain your head of hair for as long as possible, start to pay more attention to your daily grooming habits.

Jumping in and out of the shower as quickly as possible might mean more time in bed, but it could be speeding up you going bald.

That’s because taking the time to massage your head as you shampoo stimulates hair growth.

Man combing hairGETTY

Grooming habits: Not spending long enough in the shower can make a difference

Ananbel Kingsley, trichologist at Philip Kingsley, said: “Scalp massage can be beneficial for those experiencing a gradual reduction in hair volume or hair loss.”

It does this by improving blood flow directly to the area, and by removing dead skin cells which have been proven to cause or worsen hair loss.

She explained: “It should ideally be done for five to ten minutes once to twice a week. It should be gentle yet firm with consistent pressure.

“Using both hands, gently knead your scalp in circular movements starting at the front hairline and gradually working your way back down to the nape of your neck.

“Repeat three to four times, then, with a gentle sweeping action, smooth your hands over the top of your scalp.”

Dr Chris reveals shorter men are more prone to hair loss

Man checking hairGETTY

Thinning hair: It could be due to stress and vitamin deficiency

Additionally, a study published in the International Journal of Neuroscience found that massaging your scalp also lowers hair loss-inducing stress levels.

However, Anabel added: “Scalp massage alone will not have a vast impact on hair growth. Its benefits are highly dependent on what is used during massage – try a stimulating scalp mask.

“Additionally, one of the most common causes of hair loss is the result of iron and ferritin – stored iron – deficiency.

“A healthy diet, eating adequate iron and proteins and taking care of your general health will help prevent both hair loss and hair thinning – and will often improve the general appearance of the hair.”

[“Source-express”]

Why Donald Trump’s diet is bad for America’s health

President Trump can eat what he wants, but his attitudes toward wellness have major consequences for the nation at large. (Stephen Lovekin/Hill & Knowlton)

It was the fat joke heard ‘round the world. Pope Francis, speaking with Donald and Melania Trump during their recent visit, asked the first lady whether she’d been feeding her husband potica, a rich Slovenian dessert.

His Holiness wasn’t the only one eyeballing the president’s diet. Recently, the public learned that the White House kitchen staff knows to deliver their boss extra Thousand Island dressing and a double serving of ice cream while his guests get vinaigrette and a single scoop of vanilla, triggering sniggers about presidential gluttony.

And since Trump so shamelessly slings stingingly personal insults tied to fitness and body type — from “Miss Piggy” to “fat pig” to “Little Marco” – why resist the urge to poke his proverbial soft underbelly?

We should resist, because Trump’s attitudes toward healthy eating and exercise aren’t a joke — they have serious consequences for the nation’s health. First, they mark a dramatic pivot from his presidential predecessors on both sides of the aisle. Previous presidents saw projecting a personal embrace of healthy living as politically attractive, while Trump perceives just the opposite.

And second, in a nation already defined by highly unequal access to healthy food and exercise, Trump’s own inclinations threaten to make wellness an even lower public and private priority. Today, if your work schedule, child care and next meal are unpredictable, wellness is at best aspirational and at worst a cruel reminder of yet another dividing line between haves and have-nots. Trump’s attitudes and actions will only exacerbate this inequality — even as they thrill his fans.

American presidents have celebrated wellness as a personal and political virtue for so long it verges on cliché. Teddy Roosevelt famously advocated an outdoorsy “strenuous life,” which showcased his own swagger and resonated in a moment when urbanization and the expansion of white-collar work provoked anxiety that white men were becoming sedentary sissies.

Sixty years later, President-elect John F. Kennedy decried in Sports Illustrated that affluence had created a physically and morally “Soft American” unfit for Cold War citizenship. This essay painted JFK as a champion of “vigor” (even as he privately suffered from serious ailments) and boosted support for federally funded physical education and recreation programs.

Democrats Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton were often photographed jogging, while a 1983 Parade spread featured Republican Ronald Reagan exercising on Nautilus machines and chopping wood. Fellow Republican George W. Bush installed a treadmill on Air Force One, required staffers to exercise and told Runner’s World in 2002 that at long last, “statistic after statistic is beginning to sink into the consciousness of the American people that exercise is one of the keys to a healthy lifestyle.”

President Trump, however, missed that memo. The president’s conspicuous contempt for self-care — unlike Obama’s occasional furtive cigarette — benefits him politically in part because it taps into the anti-Obama hatred that propelled him to power. The Obamas took the presidential embrace of healthy living as a vehicle to improve society and self to new levels.

Men’s Health dubbed Obama the “fittest president ever” and stealth video of his workout in a Warsaw hotel gym went viral. If Michelle Obama first drew notice for her sculpted biceps, her legacy became Let’s Move and lunchroom reform. So powerful is this association that a Tennessee school cafeteria worker recently told me that a Trump supporter crowed that serving her child chocolate milk and tater tots at school was a “personal F-U to Michelle Obama.”

Not only does Trump benefit from being the anti-Obama, but he also gives voice to a sense among his supporters that healthy eating and exercise have become increasingly elitist. Back in 2007, Obama caught blowback at an Iowa campaign stop for making casual reference to buying arugula at Whole Foods. Soon after, white working class reality TV star Mama June proudly told In Touch that despite her wealth, she served her family “sketti” — enriched spaghetti doused in butter and ketchup — rather than snobbishly preparing quinoa.

Trump’s self-fashioning as champion of the common man capitalizes on the contemporary association between wellness and unsavory cosmopolitan pretension. Yet his love of rich foods and leisure paradoxically trades on century-old tropes that also cast him as a kind of Everyman’s Billionaire. Until about 1920, the wealthy conspicuously consumed caloric foods and avoided exertion because few felt they could afford to do so.

Dominant scientific theory at the time argued that humans were born with a finite energy supply and that the better classes should conserve theirs for loftier ends than physical labor. When industrialization and the white-collar sector made food abundant and sedentary work more accessible however, resisting these temptations through diet and exercise became a display of upper-class restraint — as it remains today.

Trump, whose appeal to many stems from nostalgia, conjures an outdated but aspirational ideal of what wealth might feel, or taste, like. It’s why dropping $36 on an “haute burger” just after overwhelmingly capturing the working class white vote didn’t tarnish Trump’s legitimacy. It’s why the “cheap version of rich” marketed in every truffle-oil-soaked steak slung at his eponymous “Grille” still sells. Same goes for his peculiar but precedented explanation that he prefers relaxing at his various luxury properties to exercise that would deplete his “non-rechargeable battery.” In the throwback image of American abundance that Trump hawks, his supporters envision themselves as deserving fat cats consuming cake rather than kale.

And yet. While expending energy on exercise and dietary restraint may be undesirable for Trump’s everyman, it’s a requirement for the women in his orbit. Of the little we know about Melania Trump, her penchant for Pilates is widely reported and a former roommate remembered her consuming only vegetables and diligently wearing ankle weights around the house. First daughter Ivanka Trump’s diet and exercise routines have long been the stuff of lifestyle pubs, and she recently craved a sweat badly enough to cause controversy by enrolling at a D.C. studio under an alias.

In 1996, Trump himself set up a media scrum in a gym to film a tearful Alicia Machado exercising after she gained what he determined was an unacceptable amount of weight for Miss Universe. A viral meme in the wake of the January Women’s March announced, “In one day, Trump got more fat women out walking than Michelle Obama did in 8 years.”

Clearly, Trump’s world is a sexist one in which wellness is a women’s issue. Weight control is appropriately top priority for the half of the population whose worth corresponds to their waistlines.

Unlike exercise and diet, sports — especially football — have long earned the approval of conservatives, including Trump, for building masculinity and competitiveness. The president’s apparently contradictory celebration of sport and scorn for healthy living actually corresponds to a longstanding cultural divide between the two. In the 1950s and 60s, straight American males were assumed to be so uninterested in diet and exercise that women’s magazines counseled wives to trim the fat from their husband’s roasts out of eyesight in order to safeguard the health of their hearts and egos.

By 1979, historian Christopher Lasch bemoaned the “degradation of sport” due to the “new sports for the noncompetitive” taking place in gyms and studios, which promoted bland “amateurism” in the name of inclusiveness and health promotion. (Some might consider this a forerunner to conservative complaints about participation trophies.) Thus, in the Trump playbook, sports are commendable for building manly character, while expanding opportunities to exercise and eat mindfully for health or beauty is feminine and inferior.

Making America Great Again will affect our collective wellbeing in subtle ways beyond the AHCA, cuts to Planned Parenthood and the deregulation of school nutrition that Trump embraces. Contemporary wellness culture is flawed, but has dramatically improved Americans’ lives and saved taxpayers millions. Diverse policies and programs ranging from Title IX, to yoga for the incarcerated, to corporate wellness initiatives, to body-positive activism have helped make the connection between healthy living and human flourishing widely accepted. Trump threatens to destroy those gains.

We owe our president the privacy to eat and exercise as he wishes, free from the fat-shaming cruelty for which his critics rightly fault him. But when he brandishes his unhealthy lifestyle to romanticize an era in which junk science upheld twisted ideas about gender, class and health, we owe it to each other to resist the deepening wellness divide, body, heart and mind.

[“Source-washingtonpost”]

Zero Carb Diet: Why Carbohydrates are Necessary?

Related image

What is considered to be a zero-carb diet?

Do you know what is a zero-carb diet? It is a diet that restricts carbohydrates which is only high in protein, fat, and vegetables. The amount of carbs in a zero-carb diet is limited between 50 to 150 grams per day, depending on the diet.

But before you get happy and jump on the zero-carb diet for weight loss bandwagon, you must know that carbohydrates are necessary as it provides energy to the body. It is the basic macronutrient found in all plant foods.There are 2 types of carbs – simple carbs and complex carbs. Simple carbs or the bad carbs are found in soda, sugar, white rice, corn syrup, etc. Opt for foods that contain complex carbs or good carbs which include vegetables, fruits, whole grain bread, oatmeal, legumes, brown rice and wheat pasta.

zero carb diet for weight loss
zero carb diet for weight loss

Do zero carb diets work for weight loss?

When carbohydrate consumption is below 100 grams, the body usually responds by burning muscle tissue for the glycogen (glucose). When the glycogen starts to run out, the body burns its own fat for fuel. The body does it only when it is starving. A lot of people believe that cutting carbs in favour of higher protein is a simple way to become lean fast. By some people, carbs are also not regarded as an essential part of the diet and are given a lesser importance.

Restricting any type of food group from your diet can lead to various health problems.  A zero-carb diet asks for curbing one particular food group. It only consists of high protein which may result in nutritional deficiencies causing ill health.

Why is a high protein diet bad for you?

A high-protein diet may damage kidney function in people suffering from kidney problems because your body may have trouble flushing out all the waste products of protein metabolism. Some of the high-protein diets include foods such as red meat and full-fat dairy products, which may increase the risk of heart disease.

High protein diet
High protein diet

What are the dangers of a high protein low carbohydrate diet?

Zero-carb diet has been known to be ineffective and unhealthy. It is because after you go back to normal eating habits the weight returns back.

Here, is a list of some of the risks that might arise when you are on a high protein low carb diet:

  1. High cholesterol
  2. Kidney problems
  3. Osteoporosis and kidney stones

Reducing your intake of this major nutrient can cause negative side effects. The more you decrease carbs in your diet, the greater the side effects.

14 Negative side effects of zero-carb diet

The list below includes the most common side effects of zero-carb diet.

  1. Frequent Urination
  2. Fatigue and Dizziness
  3. Low Blood Sugar
  4. Headaches
  5. Constipation
  6. Sugar Cravings
  7. Diarrhea
  8. Shakiness or Weakness
  9. Muscle Cramps
  10. Sleep disturbances
  11. Kidney Stones
  12. Hair loss
  13. Lowered T3 Thyroid Hormone Levels
  14. Heart Palpitations

 

Even if you are on a weight loss diet, you should not fully omit carbs from your diet. The reason is:

  1. Carbs in the form of glucose are the only source of energy that the brain and central nervous system can utilize.
  2. In the absence of carbs, fat cannot be broken down completely. If you want to lose weight carbs are required to help in breaking down the fat completely.
  3. You need carbohydrates to exercise as carbs are absorbed by the muscles which in turn will keep you active throughout.

Carbohydrates are not bad provided you select the right ones in your weight loss diet.You can watch the video for more information about zero-carb diet.

 

 

[“source-truweight”]

Your eyes will fry under normal sunglasses during 2017 eclipse, here’s why

A solar eclipse seen from space.

The nation is preparing for the Aug. 21 “Great American” total solar eclipse, which is the first in 99 years to cross coast-to-coast.

That means buying special eclipse glasses because normal sun glasses – even those with the darkest lenses – aren’t enough to protect eyes from damaging rays.

It’s not that the sun is any stronger during an eclipse, but where you would squint, blink and turn away from the full sun, it can be more comfortable to look at the sun as the moon moves over the bright disk.

That doesn’t mean it’s safe. You can damage your eyes without immediately realizing it if you don’t wear eclipse glasses or look through a special eclipse viewer.

Related: Best places to see the 2017 solar eclipse.

Credit: NASA

Rick Fienberg, the press officer for the American Astronomical Society, said ordinary sun glasses transmit 10 to 20 percent of the light that falls on them.

This makes the landscape on a bright sunny day easier to look at without squinting, and cuts down on glare.

Eclipse glasses allow just 0.0001 percent of the light that falls on them through.

Check The Palm Beach Post radar map.

“That’s at least 100,000 times darker than ordinary sunglasses,” Fienberg said. “Nothing can get through such glasses except the sun itself – just enough to be comfortable for viewing.”

The only time it’s safe to look at the eclipse is if you are in the path of totality and the fleeting moments when the sun is completely covered by the moon.

Related: Check your eclipse forecast.

About 12 million people live in the path of totality for the Aug. 21 eclipse. Millions more will travel to get into the path.

“The sun can be viewed safely with the naked eye only during the few brief seconds or minutes of a total solar eclipse,” NASA says on its eclipse website. “Do not attempt to observe the partial or annular phases of any eclipse with the naked eye.”

It is only safe to view a solar eclipse with the naked eye when you are in the path of totality and the moon completely covers the sun. Credits: © 2005 Miloslav Druckmüller (used by NASA with permission)

Proper eclipse glasses are marked with ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and 12312-2.

Some older solar-viewing glasses may meet previous standards for eye protection, but not the new international standard, Fienberg said.

NASA recommends glasses from Rainbow Symphony, American Paper Optics, Thousand Oaks Optical and TSE 17.

Download the Palm Beach Post WeatherPlus app here.

Ralph Chou, professor emeritus at the School of Optometry & Vision Science at the University of Waterloo in Canada, told Space.com that he has seen patients with crescents burned into the back of their eyes after watching an eclipse without protection.

“Lifetime exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation is an established contributor to accelerated aging of the outer layers of the eye and skin and the development of cataracts,” Chou wrote in a Sky and Telescope article. “But more immediate damage takes place from directly observing the Sun with inadequate eye protection.”

[“Source-weatherplus”]

Why India needs to worry about the antibiotic resistance threat

NN |

Antibiotic use has a downside — the more often these drugs are used, the more quickly bugs outsmart them. The recent death in US of a woman due to a superbug, likely contracted in India, has reignited the debate over antibiotic resistant bacteria. Here’s why this threat is real.

Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device

source”cnbc”

Why did Jharkhand teachers write letters with blood to PM Modi?

Representational image

Using their own blood, the ad-hoc teachers in Jharkhand have reportedly written 10, 000 letters to the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, on Saturday, demanding basic services.

What is the problems?

  • Ad-hoc teachers have been complaining about the behaviour of regular teachers, who are not providing them the help given by the government
  • More than 70,000 teachers teach in the interiors of Jharkhand without any proper salary
  • The teachers, who were appointed under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan from 2002 as Siksha Mitra (education friend) on honorarium basis, are being paid Rs 5000

Who are these teachers?

  • Earlier, class 10 graduates were eligible for this position but now only graduates are being selected, affirmed a senior official

What have the teachers done so far?

  • Teachers have been protesting against the whole situation
  • They sat on strike on October 17 against the ignorance of government
  • They have gone on strike for at least five times in the last decade
  • Refusing to give up, they have finally written about 10, 000 letters in their own blood

What do the letters include?

These letters describe the suffering of these teachers:

  • “Zindagi Maut Na Ban Jaye Sambhalo Modi Ji, Hazaron Para Shikshako Ka Ghar Na Ujado Modi Ji (Don’t snatch away livelihood of thousands of para teachers, Modiji),” said one of the letters, mentioned a Hindustan Times report
  • Further, another letter said: “Mananiya Pradhanmantri, Jharkhand Ke Para Sikshakon Ke Sath Nyay Kijiye (Honourable prime minister, please impart justice to the para teachers of Jharkhand)”
  • “I hope that Modiji reads our letters and understands our pain and agony,” said Sanjay Dubey, president, Jharkhand Para Sikshak Sangh

What does the government has to say on this?

  • School education and literacy secretary Aradhana Patnaik said that protest is not the solution to every problem, one should initiate dialogue first
  • “We have given them a deadline of October 25 to resume work. Meanwhile, we are also open for dialogues,” she said
  • Government has also arrested the teachers to camp jail  at Jaipal Singh Stadium for protesting at Morhabadi…
  • source”cnbc”

Why HIV Infection Ups Tuberculosis Risk

Why HIV Infection Ups Tuberculosis Risk

LONDON: Researchers have found that the HIV virus increases the potency of the tuberculosis bacterium (Mtb) by affecting a central function of the immune system.

In most people who are exposed to tuberculosis infection, the immune defence deals with the bacteria by enclosing them in a special scar tissue. In this condition the tuberculosis is said to be “latent”. Around 10 per cent of those with latent tuberculosis go on to develop active disease.

“The risk of infection progressing to active tuberculosis is around 30 times higher for people who are HIV-positive. But the reason for this has not been known at the cellular level,” said lead researcher Robert Blomgran from Linkoping University in Sweden.

The new study, published in the American Journal of Pathology, describes how the researchers looked in more detail at what happens in one particular type of immune cell, known as dendritic cells.

These play an important role in the immune defence. Dendritic cells break down tuberculosis bacteria and other foreign microorganisms, and display the bacteria fragments at the cell surface.

Other cells of the immune system, in particular T-cells, recognise the fragments and bind to them.
The dendritic cell then activates the T-cell such that it can kill the tuberculosis bacteria efficiently.

In this way, dendritic cells act as a communication link between the innate immune defence and the specific immune defence, of which the T-cells are part.

The researchers infected human dendritic cells with both Mtb and the HIV virus. They showed that co-infection reduced the ability of the dendritic cells to present foreign molecules to the immune defence.

They also had a lower capacity to activate tuberculosis-specific T-cells than was the case when the dendritic cells were infected with Mtb alone.

“We have now shown that HIV has a clear effect also on the innate immune defence, in particular the dendritic cells, which link the innate and the adaptive immune defences,” Blomgran said.
source”cnbc”

Why Older People Struggle To Hear In Noisy Places

Why Older People Struggle To Hear In Noisy Places

NEW YORK:  Something must be going on in the brains of older adults that causes them to struggle to follow speech amid background noise, even when their hearing would be considered normal, researchers from University of Maryland have determined.

Researchers Samira Anderson, Jonathan Z Simon and Alessandro Presacco found that adults aged 61-73 with normal hearing scored significantly worse on speech understanding in noisy environments than adults aged 18-30 with normal hearing.

The researchers studied two areas of the brain. They looked at the more ‘ancestral’ midbrain area which does basic processing of all sounds.

They also looked at the cortex which is particularly large in humans and part of which specialises in speech processing.

In the young group, the mid-brain generated a signal that matched its task in each case – looking like speech in the quiet environment, and speech clearly discernable against a noisy background in the noise environment.

But in the older group, the quality of the response to the speech signal was degraded even when in the quiet environment, and the response was even worse in the noisy environment.

“For older listeners, even when there isn’t any noise, the brain is already having trouble processing the speech,” said Simon.

Neural signals recorded from cortex showed that younger adults could process speech well in a relatively short amount of time.

But the auditory cortex of older test subjects took longer to represent the same amount of information.

“Part of the comprehension problems experienced by older adults in both quiet and noise conditions could be linked to age-related imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory neural processes in the brain,” Mr Presacco added.

This imbalance could impair the brain’s ability to correctly process auditory stimuli and could be the main cause of the abnormally high cortical response observed in the study.

“Older people need more time to figure out what a speaker is saying. They are dedicating more of their resources and exerting more effort than younger adults when they are listening to speech,” Mr Simon noted in a paper published by the Journal of Neurophysiology.

This eroding of brain function appears to be typical for older adults and a natural part of the ageing process.

The researchers are now looking into whether brain training techniques may be able to help older adults improve their speech comprehension.

source”gsmarena”

Why Home Delivered Meals Are the Best

Life is busier than ever and people are always on the go. Adults do not find the time to cook nutritious meals or visit their favorite restaurants anymore. Individuals are running after productivity and, therefore, they cram as much as possible into the allotted 24 hours. While being career-driven is not a bad thing, the importance of health cannot be ignored. This is where home delivered meals come into focus.

You can now have chef made and nutritionist-approved meals delivered at your home. This is an efficient and nutritious approach to the problem as now there are companies that cater your needs with ready-made meals. Over the last few years, this service has gained popularity. People rely on chef-made home delivered meals because it is simple and easy. It allows them to skip cooking but does not compel them to give up to unhealthy eating habits.

One of the most important information to consider is that these modern-day home diets are delicious. A talented team of chefs works together to arrange creative menus. They source fresh ingredients and prepare dishes that are good for health and appealing to the taste buds. In addition, they attempt to make presentation of the products enticing.

There is something for everyone. You may be a vegetarian, a carnivore with a good appetite for steaks, allergic to gluten, or lactose intolerant. These companies have customizable dishes for everyone. If you have any dietary preferences, inform the company. If you take weekly or monthly packages from them, you do not have to mention the details every time.

The very high nutrition content of the dishes delivered is widely celebrated by regular customers. Dietitians and nutritionists meticulously experiment and taste the food and check whether it positively contributes to your diet or not. If you make these meals a lifestyle choice, you do not have to worry about excess fat and cholesterol anymore.

In fact, these are great for anyone trying to lose weight. There are low-carb, low-fat or low-calorie options. You no longer have to worry about portion control or calorie count as it is already taken care of by the company. The best things about the ready-made diet mealsare that they are thoroughly tested by experts. You can now devour the food without worrying about weight gain.

Instead of spending hundreds of dollars at the gym, portion control can help reduce a lot of weight. You no longer have to worry about overeating as a particular amount of food is delivered each time.

You do not have to spend extra time on grocery shopping, cooking, and cleaning. You can order food whenever you are hungry. You may even set up an on-going contract with the company and save some money.

As the name suggest, home delivered diets have become so popular simply because they are delivered at home. It provides convenience. If you are one of those people who does not have any time to shop or cook, the service is ideal for you. Pick up your phone and dial the food delivery service. Older people or people with special needs, who cannot cook for themselves, are highly benefitted by this healthy diet.

The meals are very similar to microwave meals. They are fast and hassle free, but much more nutritious. These have become as common as pizza delivery and it is revolutionary for individuals of all age.

Delicious chef-made home delivered meals are just the best. They offer restaurant quality food at the comfort of customer’s own home, while also keeping the nutrition requirements in mind.