76 per cent students from this university suffer in basic English language skills

A survey conducted by a group of students came across that 76 per cent of students from Ambedkar University Delhi (AUD) suffer problems in English language skills.

76% students from this University suffer problems in basic English language skills

76% students from this University suffer problems in basic English language skills

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A survey conducted by a group of students came across the fact that 76 per cent of students from Ambedkar University Delhi (AUD) suffer problems in basic English language skills i.e. lack of vocabulary, grammatical problems, and problems in sentence formation.

Details of the report:

  • The survey was conducted by the Progressive and Democratic Student Community (PDSC) between October and November 2016
  • A total of 410 students were surveyed
  • The students were from BA, MA, MPhil and PhD batch
  • “A total of 76 per cent students from government schools face problems related to basic English language skills i.e. lack of vocabulary, grammatical problems, and problems in sentence formation and so on. On the other hand, students from private schools face problems with academic jargon, complexity of ideas and lack of confidence among others,” the group noted according to an Indian Express report
  • As per the reports, “The purpose of such a survey is to remind students, professors, and the administration that the question of language is extremely sensitive, pervasive and complex.”

Students who are affected by this problem include:

  • Women and those from ‘lower’ castes, in particular the poor, Dalit, Bahujan, Adivasi
  • “This creates a sense of deficiency and inferiority amongst them within the campus. Thus, it is evident that the question of language is a question of social justice,” the group included.
  • 70 percent of men are affected, while the count rate for women is 82.3 per cent
  • source”cnbc”

15 Per Cent Adult In Need Of Intervention For Mental Ailments: Report

15 Per Cent Adult In Need Of Intervention For Mental Ailments: Report

NEW DELHI: Nearly 15 per cent of Indian adults are in need of active interventions for one or more mental health issues, according to a report released today.

The report is based on National Mental Health Survey, 2016 conducted by Bengaluru-based National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) with the support of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The survey was conducted among 34,802 adults and about 1,191 adolescents from 12 states.

“An estimated 150 million people are in need of mental health interventions and care (both short-term and long-term) and considering the far-reaching impact of mental health (on all domains of life) in all populations (from children to elderly) in both genders, as well as in urban and rural populations, urgent actions are required,” the report says.

One out of every three respondents in the survey was a young adult (aged 18-29 years).

The report, released by the Centre here today, also says that nearly 15 per cent of adults (those above 18 years) are in need of active interventions for one or more mental health issues.

Common mental disorders, severe mental disorders and substance use problems coexist and the middle-age working populations are affected the most, while mental health problems among both adolescents and elderly are of serious concern, urban metros are witnessing a growing burden of mental health problems, it adds.
The first-ever large scale, comprehensive survey conducted by NIMHANS covered Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Manipur.

“The prevalence of schizophrenia and other psychoses (0.64 per cent), mood disorders (5.6) and neurotic or stress-related disorders (6.93) was nearly 2-3 times more in urban metros,” the report says.

Mental disorders are a diverse group of conditions varying in their presentation ranging from acute to recurrent to chronic, mild to severe, multiple disorders to single illness, morbid or co-morbid conditions and in several other ways.

“Mental disorders contribute to a significant load of morbidity and disability even though few conditions account for an increasing mortality. As per Global Burden of Disease report, mental disorders accounts for 13 per cent of total DALYs lost for Years Lived with Disability (YLD) with depression being the leading cause,” as per the report.

Females comprised 52.3 per cent of all respondents in the NMHS. The proportion was slightly higher in the states of Kerala, Assam and Manipur (57 per cent).


Consumer forum to FIITJEE: Stop ‘unfair trade practices,’ return 50 per cent tuition fee to students

Consumer forum to FIITJEE: Stop unfair trade practice, return 50 per cent tuition fee to students

Despite of being a famous coaching centre for IIT and other engineering entrance examination since 1992, FIITJEE has been recently charged for collecting fees for two years in one go amounts to “unfair trade practice.”

Details of the report:

  • A district consumer disputes redressal forum, headed by its President Justice N K Goel has filed the case
  • As per reports, FIITJEE has been asked to refund Rs 1, 16,564 to Sanjay Choudhary, father of a student, who had taken admission to this coaching centre
  • While giving details about this case, the officials of forum said, “We hold that the institute (FIITJEE) has committed unfair trade practice by collecting fees for two years in one go. We partly allow the complaint and direct OP to refund half of the fees taken by them from the complainant towards the fee for two years duration”
  • “Accordingly we direct the institute to refund a sum of Rs 1, 16,564 towards 50 per cent of the tuition fee paid by the complainant along with interest at 6 per cent per annum,” the forum added.

Statements from father:

Sanjay Choudhary while stating the incident said, his son had joined Saifabad branch of the institute in Hyderabad for a 2-year integrated school programme for IIT-JEE course in 2010.

As reported, the institute had asked him to pay the fee amount of Rs 2, 33,128 for the two years course before the date of joining.

But as soon as his son found that the classes were not up to the mark, he decided to quit.

Futher, Sanjay Choudhary alleged that the institute declined to refund the fee citing the declarations he had made while joining the course.

What did FIITJEE said in its defense?

  • FIITJEE told the forum that the student had left the course voluntarily
  • Therefore, they were not bound to refund the fees as per their terms and conditions

While giving the final verdict, the forum referred to the Supreme Court judgment which had held that an educational institution can only charge prescribed fee for one semester or year.


Prolonged Sitting Causes 4 Per Cent Of Deaths Worldwide: Study

Prolonged Sitting Causes 4 Per Cent Of Deaths Worldwide: Study

NEW YORK:  Nearly four per cent of all deaths – approximately 433,000 per year — are due to the fact that people worldwide spend more than three hours a day just sitting down, a study has found.

Various studies over the last decade have demonstrated how the excessive amount of time we spend sitting down may increase the risk of death, regardless of whether or not we exercise.

The new study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, now estimates the proportion of deaths attributable to that ‘chair effect’ in the population of 54 countries, using data from 2002 to 2011.

“It is important to minimise sedentary behaviour in order to prevent premature deaths around the world,” said lead author of the study Leandro Rezende from University of Sao Paulo in Brazil.

He also highlighted that “cutting down on the amount of time we sit could increase life expectancy by 0.20 years in the countries analysed.”

The results revealed that over 60 per cent of people worldwide spend more than three hours a day sitting down – the average in adults is 4.7 hours/day — and this is the culprit behind 3.8 per cent of deaths.

Among the territories studied, there were more deaths in the regions of the Western Pacific, followed by European countries, the Eastern Mediterranean, America and Southeast Asia.

The highest rates were found in Lebanon (11.6 per cent), the Netherlands (7.6 per cent) and Denmark (6.9 per cent), while the lowest rates were in Mexico (0.6 per cent), Myanmar (1.3 per cent) and Bhutan (1.6 per cent).

The authors calculated that reducing the amount of time we sit by about two hours (by half) would mean a 2.3 per cent decrease in mortality.

Even a more modest reduction in sitting time, by 10 per cent or half an hour per day, could have an immediate impact on all causes of mortality (0.6 per cebt) in the countries evaluated.

In the words of the experts, measures aimed at addressing the determining factors behind this sedentary conduct would be necessary.

“Some examples of this approach were recently highlighted by the World Health Organisation,” Rezende said.

“For example, a strategic health communication campaign was developed to promote physical activity among women in Tonga (Oceania), while a bicycle-sharing system was developed in Iran in addition to a sustainable transport system in Germany,” he noted.


High Factor Sunscreen May Cut Melanoma Risk By 33 Per Cent

High Factor Sunscreen May Cut Melanoma Risk By 33 Per Cent

High Factor Sunscreen May Cut Melanoma Risk By 33 Per Cent

High Factor Sunscreen May Cut Melanoma Risk By 33 Per Cent

Non sunscreen users have a lower risk of developing melanoma.

LONDON:  Using high factor sunscreen may decrease the risk of melanoma – the most dangerous form of skin cancer – by 33 per cent compared with low factor product, a large new study has claimed.

In the study by researchers at University of Oslo in Norway, sunscreen users reported more sunburn, more sunbathing vacations and use of sunbeds than those who never used sunscreen.

As a result non sunscreen users had a lower risk of developing melanoma than those who used low factor sunscreen, researchers said.

They found that sunscreen with an adequate factor can reduce the risk of melanoma by over 30 per cent compared with low factor sunscreen.

Melanoma is the cancer with the strongest increase in incidence in the last decade, and the incidence rates have never been as high as in 2014.

Earlier research has shown mixed results, with some studies finding slightly increased risk of melanoma among sunscreen users.

“The explanation for this paradox is that some people use sunscreen to prolong sun exposure and acquire suntan.

Moreover, many people don’t apply the proper amount of sunscreen, forget to reapply and miss to apply on all exposed areas resulting in sunburn and increased risk of melanoma,” said Reza Ghiasvand, a PhD candidate at the university’s Department of Biostatistics.

“We found that those who used sunscreen with a factor higher than 15 had a 33 per cent lower risk of melanoma compared with those using sunscreen with a low factor,” said Ghiasvand.

The research group gained access to data from the NOWAC study merged with data from the Cancer Registry of Norway. The study followed over 140,000 Norwegian women for an average of ten years.


90 per cent school bags in Maharashtra not violating weight norm: Govt report

As many as 5 lakh school bags were checked in over 28,000 schools of the state

A press conference held by two seventh grade students has created a buzz in Maharashtra. In consequence, state government decided to scrutinise the complaint closely and released a report stating that as many as 5 lakh school bags were checked in over 28,000 schools of the state.

Detailed investigation:

  • Out of one lakh schools, 28,000 schools were put under the scanner and came out clean
  • From these schools, around 5 lakh school bags were checked and the weight of 4.76 lakh bags were found within the weight-limit
  • Following the detection, the state declared a report that 90.1 per cent school bags were within the permissible weight limits

Region wise distribution of data:

  • Four districts, including Nandurbar, Hingoli, Ratnagiri and Washim, were given the clean chit
  • Pune, however, failed to create a 100 per cent record, with 89.37 bags under the standard weight
  • A convincing figure if 93 per cent was recorded in Chandrapur district, where students complained about excess weight
  • Sharad Gosavi, the deputy director of education (primary), claimed that in this whole process, over 5,200 education officials had inspected school bags
  • He also mentioned the criteria of measuring a school bag. According to the HC norms, the weight of the bag must not exceed one-tenth of the body weight of the student,” he said

What do the parents have to say about this report?

  • Parents are puzzled to find that only 10 per cent school bags violated the norm
  • “Suppose there is an English class, there are at least four books for it like grammar, dictation book, dictionary and so on. Should the teacher not specify which one to carry? She insists the students carry all books,” said a parent to the Indian Express
  • “In the last one year, notebooks were replaced with files and school started asking students to keep books in class desks.”
  • source”gsmarena”

Jamia enters into collaboration with MHRD to make a 100 per cent Wi-Fi zone

The ministry has sanctioned Rs 8.75 crore for the upgradation of Wi-Fi facilities

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between Jamia Milia Islamia and Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to turn the campus into a 100 per cent Wi-Fi zone, the university said in a statement on Wednesday.

For the upgradation of Wi-Fi facilities in the campus, the ministry has sanctioned Rs 8.75 crore

  • “Vice-Chancellor, Prof. Talat Ahmad has signed a MoU with the MHRD, Government of India, University Grants Commission, and National Informatics Centre Services Inc. (NICSI) for up gradation of Wi-Fi facilities on the university campus. The MHRD sanctioned Rs.8.75 crores for making the campus completely Wi-Fi,” the university said in a statement.
  • “With this move, the reach of Wi-Fi on JMI campus will be scaled-up from existing 40 per cent to almost 100 per cent. Moreover, it will enable high speed wireless access to internet and intranet resources to Jamia faculty, research scholars, students, staff, official visitors and university guests on any-where-any-time basis across the administrative and academic zones on campus,” it further said.

The MHRD should pay a consultancy fee of 5 per cent to NICSI for the

“augmentation of the Wi-Fi facility”.

[“source -cncb”]

One Laptop Per Child redux: Spin-off delivers successors to XO hardware

6 hero infinity hardware

Non-profit One Education has an ambitious plan in a competitive PC market: to sell Windows 10 tablets and laptops inspired by the innovative spirit of One Laptop Per Child, which designed groundbreaking low-cost PCs almost a decade ago.

One Education, an OLPC spin-off, is making what it considers successors to OLPC’s XO devices, which are now out-of-date. OLPC released its first XO laptop in 2007, but the organization is now splintered and focusing on education tools.

The first One Education product is the Infinity:One, a tablet with a keyboard attachment for laptop usability. It has the green-and-white color scheme of the XO devices. It is available for US$230, and the devices will ship in August.

The Infinity:One, like the original XO-1, doesn’t have awe-inspiring hardware. But One Education CEO Rangan Srikhanta, an OLPC fan, said this laptop was for schoolkids, not for enthusiasts benchmarking performance.

“We are dealing with primary school children, so their requirements are different to that of adults. Robustness, repairability, cost and basic functionality … are important drivers,” Srikhanta said.

Infinity:One runs Windows 10, and has 2GB of RAM and 64GB of storage. It offers 10 hours of battery life, and offers a 2-megapixel front and 5-megapixel back camera.

It also has USB 2.0 and micro-USB 3.0 ports and a micro-SD slot for expandable storage. A micro-HDMI port can connect the 2-in-1 to an external display.

The screen and processor are the weak points. It has an Atom processor that’s already outdated, as those chips are being phased out by Intel in favor of Pentium and Celeron chips code-named Apollo Lake.

The 10.1-inch screen has a resolution of 1280 x 800, which is no match for today’s 2-in-1s.

The Infinity:One is an offshoot of the Infinity:Concept, a modular laptop design in which individual parts like cameras and batteries can be easily attached or removed. That design was introduced last year but didn’t make it to production.

“We have some interesting plans in the pipeline that we are working with Microsoft and our manufacturer on,” Srikhanta said.

Some ideas that One Education could borrow from the original XO include solar-powered laptops and low-power displays. Those could be valuable in countries where power is scarce. Some other wild XO ideas including riding a bicycle to recharge the battery.

One Education will continue to develop models with newer features inspired by Infinity:Concept. Srikhanta also hopes to ultimately manufacture Infinity:Concept.

Also in development is Infinity:Power, a rack on which up to 10 Infinity:One devices can be charged rapidly. It will sell for $250 when released.

But questions remains about whether One Education will succeed, or suffer the fate of OLPC, which lost focus, had funding issues and ultimately broke up.

One Education has a sustainable business model and has raised millions of dollars, Srikhanta said. It is fulfilling orders from Australian schools, and there is interest from distributors in South America, Africa and the U.K.

Also, many XO laptops are out of date, and these devices could replace them. But cheap Windows laptops are already available, and Chromebooks — which can be acquired for under $300 — are being used by many schools, which poses a big challenge for One Education.

But nonprofits can succeed in the hardware market — Raspberry Pi is a prime example. Meanwhile, Srikantha says One Education remains committed to hardware developmen