One in every 20 Indians suffers from depression

One in every 20 Indians suffers from depression (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)One in every 20 Indians suffers from depression (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Indians popped in more anti-depressants than ever before in 2016, indicating perhaps that they are now more open to the idea of seeking help for mental health problems.

Around 10.6 lakh more prescriptions for anti-depressants were written in 2016 in comparison to 2015, shows data collated by health information agencies. While 3.35 crore prescriptions (for newly diagnosed patients) were written in 2015, doctors wrote 3.46 crore new prescriptions in 2016.

In fact, the number of prescriptions for anti-depressants written out by psychiatrists in 2016 represented a 14% increase from the previous year. Psychiatrists treat patients with major depressive disorders while doctors hailing from multiple specialties treat patients with mild depression or disease-related depression.

Depression, though widely spread in India, is rarely given importance in the public health system, which is burdened by infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and dengue as well as non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. In October 2016, the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) in Bengaluru released a mental health survey that said one in every 20 Indians suffered from some form of depression. The prevalence of depression across the world has increased to such an extent that it’s the theme for the World Health Organisation’s World Health Day on April 7.

When contacted, NIMHANS director Dr B N Gangadhar said the increase in the number of prescriptions could also be an indication of the increasing number of psychiatrists in India. “There is no doubt that people are more open than before to seek help for depression, but a 14% rise in prescriptions could also mean there are more psychiatrists today than before,” Dr Gangadhar said, adding that roughly 360 new psychiatrists graduate annually .

Mumbai-based psychiatrist Dr Harish Shetty said there has been a tremendous increase in awareness about mental health. “There is a 100% increase in the number of patients coming to psychiatrists in the last couple of years,” he said, adding that the increase could be the tip of the iceberg.

Goa-based Dr Vikram Patel, who is attached to the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said antidepressants have low penetration in India. “If there is an increase, it is not surprising as more people seek help these days. This doesn’t mean there is an increase in the incidence of depression, but there is an increase in awareness,” he said. A recent survey by a pharma major recently listed family pressure, relationship issues as well as biological changes as the leading causes of depression among Indians.Dr Shetty pinpointed the “rapid shifts taking place in India” in the fields of finance, education, workplace, family , among others, as the major cause for depression. “People try to cramp in a century of living within a decade. The brain is being challenged beyond its potential, leading to an increase in depression rates. It is like an orchestra being disrupted,” said Dr Shetty .

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Depression is becoming a major problem and with very few mental health professionals, treatment is always going to be a challenge. Technological advancements have thrown up several online counselling… Read MorePrabhjot Singh

Depression is closely linked to social determinants.”Some may suffer from depression due to economic difficulties such as debt while women may suffer due to mental difficulties such as domestic violence,” said Dr Patel.


Gears of War 4 adds multiplayer crossplay for Windows 10, Xbox One gamers

gears of war 4

Microsoft’s ambitious Play Anywhere initiative, which lets PC and Xbox gamers game together, made unexpected strides on Friday, when it was announced that Gears of War 4’s crossplay will expand beyond cooperative mode to include multiplayer competition.

The feature, however, will be limited to Social Quickplay, rather than competitive ranked matches, Microsoft said. So your dreams of a “Super Bowl” of GoW play between the best PC and Xbox players will have to wait.

Interestingly, when Microsoft tested GoW4’s expanded crossplay features at the end of 2016, participation heavily favored the Xbox One. Of the 115,000 players that took part in the test weekend, there was a whopping 91-9 percentage split between the Xbox One and the Windows 10 platform. Over 750,000 matches were played.

To the question of which platform came out on top, Microsoft said the two sides were pretty even: Windows 10 and Xbox players had “closely matched results” when comparing their average kills and deaths, score, and kills per match. Nevertheless, Microsoft said the game’s Core and Competitive rankings will remain separated: Xbox players will only play Windows players, for example, to maintain parity.

“When we looked at the extensive data we received, thanks to the incredible participation from our community, there was a clear message—it works,” the company said in a blog post.

Why this matters: When played with a decent community of polite, competitive opponents, multiplayer gaming can be awesome. Crossplay simply opens up this experience to a larger number of potential players. For its part, Microsoft is really trying to establish Windows and the Xbox as one happy, collective ecosystem, and crossplay is a big part of that.


Google’s low-cost Android One program may expand to the U.S.

google io sundar pinchai android one

When Google launched its Android One program in 2014 it was designed for one main reason: to create a system of standards for phones in developing countries. Targeting emerging markets in Pakistan, India, the Philippines, Indonesia, and others, the program dictated minimum hardware standards and limited software tweaks to insure people everywhere had access to low-cost phones that still provided regular security updates and the latest Android features.

Now it looks like the program is on its way to the U.S.

According to a report in The Information, Google is looking to launch its first Android One phone in the States “before the middle of the year,” and is eyeing LG as a potential manufacturer. Yesterday, VentureBeat divulged that Google would be partnering with LG on the release of its first Android Wear watch, but The Information’s report doesn’t say whether the two companies would be collaborating on the development of the Android One handset.

As Amir Efrati explains, the U.S. launch of Android One is backed by “major new promotional dollars” for phone makers that play by Google’s rules. The first handset is expected to be priced between $200 and $300, and all subsequent models will need to adhere to Google’s strict guidelines “to ensure that they’re fast and responsive—and that they stay that way over time.”

android one lava pixel v1


The Lava Pixel V1 phone is part of the Android One program.

While Google hasn’t divulged the terms of its specifications, the phones highlighted on Google’s Android One site all feature a minimum of a Cortex A7 1.3 GHz quad-core processor, 1GB of RAM, 4GB of internal storage, and a 1,700 mAh battery. It’s unclear whether the requirements of the U.S. phones would need to adhere to different standards than those made for overseas markets.

The story behind the story: One of the biggest problems facing low-cost Android phones in the U.S. is that they are often bogged down by carrier and manufacturer bloatware, as well as a lack of timely security and OS updates. A push by Google into the U.S. with Android One would be an interesting move, especially if it’s backed by a strong advertising campaign.

With the Pixel, Google introduced a mainstream phone that enjoys timely updates. Bringing that kind of attention to budget phones in the U.S. could begin to shake up the low-end of the market. The truth is, many people don’t know that they won’t be getting the latest version of Android after they purchase their phone, so anything Google can do to stress the importance of regular updates will be an important step.

This story, “Google’s low-cost Android One program may expand to the U.S.” was originally published by Greenbot.

Over 30 mn diabetics in India in one decade: Experts

Over 30 mn diabetics in India in one decade: ExpertsOver 30 mn diabetics in India in one decade: Experts
In the last one decade, the number of diabetes patients in India increased by over 30 million due to sedentary lifestyle and erratic schedule mostly common in the age group of 20-40 years, said the country’s leading diabetic experts on Monday .

Their statistics stated that in the early 2000, there were around 31.7 million persons diagnosed with diabetes and by 2015, the figure increased to 62 million.

“This change is due to the erratic food timings, sleep, unhealthy lifestyle, physical inactivity and other erratic patterns of lifestyle. Such changes in lifestyle leads to insulin resistance wherein body does not use insulin properly,” said Abhay Vispute, Diabetologist at Mumbai-based SRV Hospital.

Though genetic factors contributed to diabetes, Vispute said: “Urban migration and obesity due to rising social standards were the other reasons.”

India has been declared as the “world diabetic capital”, with cases to touch 70 million by 2025.

“Not only youngsters, even children between the age group of 12-16 years are detected with Type 2 diabetes. It is essential that they understand the importance of modifying their lifestyle, also, for those who are detected with diabetes, their siblings or children must also conduct regular check-ups,” said Tejas Shah, Diabetologist at the Holy Spirit Hospital, Mumbai.

The experts also said that 10 per cent of the pre-diabetic patients become diabetes patients every year.

Pradeep Gadge, Chief Diabetologist at Gadge Diabetes Centre, said an increase of 31 million among diabetes patients within 15 years was alarming.

“Diabetes at such a young age means lifelong struggle to keep it under control. It is essential to take appropriate measures. Simple ways to take measures against diabetes includes, avoiding junk food, following an active lifestyle, keep check on weight and conduct tests at periodic intervals,” said Gadge.

World Diabetes Day is observed on November 14. Noticing lack of awareness and delay in diagnosis among the patients, Delhi-based Primus hospital recently created a record by screening 900 patients in eight hours .

“It is essential for diabetic patients to not only monitor their blood sugar level but other diabetes inflicted health problems also,” said Ashok Jhingan, a senior diabetologist at Primus Super Speciality Hospital.

Experts have also raised concerns on the rising cases of blindness due to the diabetic retinopathy caused by diabetes.

“Diabetes can cause many health problems, especially when it is severe and not in control. One of the serious conditions is called diabetic retinopathy, and is one of the foremost causes of blindness,” said Siddarth Sain, Ophthalmologist at Sharp Sight Group of Eye Hospitals, Delhi.

According to Sain, with an increase in duration of diabetes, the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy increases.

“At least 80 per cent of people suffering from diabetes for more than 15 years have some damage in blood vessels of the retina. Severe and uncontrolled diabetes, fluctuating blood sugar levels, high blood pressure (hypertension), high blood cholesterol and diabetic kidney are all conditions which predispose a diabetic to develop changes in the retina,” said Sain.

Kamal B. Kapur, another leading Delhi-based Ophthalmologist said: “Diabetic retinopathy can weaken and cause changes in the small retinal blood vessels. These blood vessels may then begin to leak or swell or develop brush-like branches.”

“This deterioration of the retinal blood vessels causes hindrance in the supply of oxygen and nutrition needed by the retina to remain healthy,” he added.

“Early stages of this condition may cause symptoms like blurred vision. As the disease progresses, one may notice cloudiness of vision, blind spots, floaters or even sudden loss of vision,” he said


GM 5 is a Nougat-powered Android One phone

Turkish manufacturer General Mobile, which is involved in Google’s Android One efforts, has announced a new Android One smartphone. Dubbed GM 5, the device runs the latest Android 7.0 OS, making it the first Nougat-powered Android One handset.

Specs-wise, the device packs in a Qualcomm Snapdragon SoC with quad-core CPU (said to be SD410) and sports a 5-inch HD display. RAM is 2GB, while internal memory is 16GB. In terms of camera, the phone features a 13MP rear unit and a 5MP front shooter.

A 2,500mAh battery is there to keep the lights on. Measuring 140.5 x 69.75 x 9.3mm and weighing in at 160g, the GM 5 comes in Golden, Space Gray, and Black color options.

While the smartphone will go on sale this month, it will only be available in the following 20 markets: Azerbaijan, Albania, Afghanistan, Belgium, Bosnia, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Iraq, Kenya, Luxembourg, Moldova, Netherlands, Pakistan, Serbia, Tunisia, Turkey, and Uzbekistan.

There’s currently no information on the price tag the GM 5 carries.


The Windows weakness no one mentions: speech recognition

man computer headset speech recognition

Windows has a feature it doesn’t like to talk about. While the OS lets you scrawl notes with a stylus, log in with you face (or secure the Web) via Windows Hello, and even order Cortana to set a reminder, what it’s not so eager for you to do, apparently, is use its speech recognition engine to issue commands or take voice dictation.

The reason for its silence may go back 10 years, to when Microsoft product manager Shanen Boettcher demonstrated voice dictation  inside Windows Vista—and flubbed it. The technology kept a low profile after that, and today, few users know you can dictate a document within Windows.

If there were ever a time for Windows to try again, though, it would seem to be now, when advances in computers and artificial intelligence provide a much better foundation for the technology. “

“This is such a great question,” said Harry Shum, the executive vice president overseeing Microsoft’s speech-recognition research, as well as Cortana and Bing, when asked about dictation’s future within Microsoft Office. “There is really no reason why it is not playing a much more prominent role yet.”

We decided to give it another chance: We delved into Windows’ voice dictation features to see how they compared to more recent speech-based technologies.

Microsoft word dictation

Ask Word 2016 about dictation, and it’s like the app has never even heard the term. Word displays a similar response for “speech recognition.”

Why speech recognition can’t be too perfect

Some of us still think about voice dictation in the same way Doonesbury lampooned the Apple Newton, turning “I am writing a test sentence” into “Siam fighting atomic sentry.” And you’d be forgiven for thinking so, too: Windows Speech Recognition is powered by the Microsoft Speech Recognizer 8.0, which has remained literally unchanged since Vista. Shum called it a “grandpa” technology.

What has changed, however, is the hardware: Listening for and interpreting speech requires far less processing power than a decade ago. The quality of integrated array mics within PCs like the Surface Book mean that dedicated headsets aren’t necessarily required to achieve superior accuracy. Voice dictation for the masses is here, right?

When I tested Windows’ speech capabilities, however, I experienced firsthand the merciless perfection that’s required for the system to be usable. This story has 1,028 words in it, including subheadings. If you used voice dictation software to write it, a 95.0% accuracy rate would mean you’d have to correct more than fifty mistakes. That gets old fast.

In my tests, based on a methodology I developed for another speech recognition product I’m testing, Windows produced an accuracy rate of 93.6%, That’s pretty bad on paper, and somewhat behind the dedicated software I’m trying. Windows also had an odd habit of interjecting the word “comma” when I was dictating the punctuation mark. The speech community seems split on whether relatively minor mistakes like this are significant.

That, of course, was just the baseline. As anyone who’s used dictation software can tell you, the key to accuracy is training. Over time, a voice dictation program learns your accent, whether you pronounce the “a” in apricot like “bad” or “ape,” and how to filter out our unconscious verbal tics. I’ve seen Microsoft employees claim that, properly trained, Windows’ speech recognition was 99% accurate. Ten mistakes or so per 1,000 words isn’t bad at all.

Very few of us, though, probably want to spend the time training the software. Windows Speech Recognition requires up to 10 minutes to run through a few practice sentences, and it feels like a lifetime. Cortana and Siri don’t require any of the same setup time, as they’ve already been trained on millions of voice samples. There’s something to be said for instant gratification.

windows 10 speech training

Training speech within Windows is a lengthy process. The setup time associated with Nuance’s Dragon software is far shorter, perhaps a minute or so. But modern digital assistants recognize your words instantly.

What makes Cortana (which you can use on your PC or phone) so much better than Windows’ own ancient voice dictation systems is her link to the massive computational power of the Microsoft cloud. Microsoft can crunch and correlate your voice input together with whatever other data Microsoft knows about you, generating the intelligence that is the soul of Cortana.

Microsoft talks up speech recognition

Given Cortana’s proven skills, you’d think speech would have taken center stage at Microsoft’s Ignite show last week. But Ignite contained exactly zero sessions on voice dictation and apparently just one on speech recognition. Meanwhile, CEO Satya Nadella’s keynote address painted speech recognition as a critical component of Microsoft’s future.

Take Skype Translator, for example. Microsoft’s Star Trek-like universal translator depends upon three different strands of research, according to Nadella: speech recognition, speech synthesis, and machine translation. “So you take those three technologies, apply deep reinforced learning and neural nets and the Skype data and magic happens,” he said.

“Even inside of Word or Outlook when you’re writing a document we now don’t have simple thesaurus-based spell correction,” Nadella added, adding that Office can now even compensate for dyslexia. “We have complete computational linguistic understanding of what you’re building. Or what you’re writing.”

But not what you’re saying, apparently.

nadella sanders print


Microsoft chief executive Satya Nadella stands next to NFL star Deion Sanders at Microsoft’s Ignite conference. Has Microsoft fumbled its dictation opportunity?

During the same speech, Nadella bragged that Microsoft’s speech algorithms achieved aword error rate of 6.9 percent using the NIST Switchboard test. That sounds bad: that’s accuracy of about 93.1 percent. But the Switchboard test uses sample rates of just 8KHz, about the quality of a telephone conversation in the year 2000. Windows Media Audio 10, the codec within OneNote, can capture audio at up to 48KHz, providing much more accurate samples.

I think it’s pretty obvious that the pieces of the puzzle are there, technically. If there’s any obstacle, it might be organizational: As of Thursday, Microsoft’s Office apps were spun out into their own group, away from Cortana and Bing. Shum, however, said that intelligence is still part and parcel of Microsoft’s offerings. “Rest assured that we are infusing AI technology into all Microsoft products,” he said.

It’s possible that Microsoft believes that offices won’t want workspaces filled with the clamor of workers dictating over one another. Or perhaps Microsoft truly believes that its existing speech recognition capabilities within Windows are sufficient to enable dictation for the masses.

If Microsoft truly believes in productivity, though, the future of speech recognition within your PC probably isn’t using Skype to book a hotel in Bangladesh. It’s writing about the experience—but with your voice rather than your fingers.


One In Every Four Men In Aizawl Facing Cancer Threat

One In Every Four Men In Aizawl Facing Cancer Threat

AIZAWL: Men in Mizoram’s capital Aizawl have much higher probability of developing cancer than their counterparts in any other part of the country, an official said in Aizawl on Monday.

According to the Population Based Cancer Registries (PBCR), the probability of contracting any type of cancer in a lifetime (up to 74 years of age) is one in four males in Aizawl against one in seven to eight men in important cities in India.

“Probability of contracting cancer among females in Aizawl is one in five persons, whereas it is one in eight in Mumbai, one in seven in Delhi,” Eric Zomawia, Mizoram nodal officer of cancer and principal investigator for PBCR, told reporters.

As Mizoram tops all other states in India in tobacco consumption, the PBCR found that the major source of cancer in this north-eastern state is tobacco use.
Zomawia, quoting the PBCR, said cancer killed on an average 725 persons every year in Mizoram, which has a population of around 11 lakh.

There were 4,656 new cases of cancer, including 2,089 among females, reported between 2012 and 2014, confirming that, on an average, there were 1,552 new cancer cases per year in the state, bordering Myanmar and Bangladesh.

According to Aizawl PBCR, as many as 2,176 people died of various types of cancers in three years till 2014. Of the 2,176 cancer victims in three years (2012-2014), 830 were females and 1,346 males.

There are 29 PBCRs in the country with 11 of them in the northeast region, comprising eight states.


Xbox One S controller review: New features and custom colors make for a great successor

Xbox One S controller

My $80 powder-blue-and-orange Xbox Design Lab controller arrived recently, and I’ve fallen in love with its look. Maybe you’re not so easily swayed. Maybe you hate it. That’s fine. More than fine, actually—that’s kind of the whole point.

Last year Microsoft released the $150 high-end Elite controller for a segment of the market traditionally supported by third parties and aftermarket parts dealers. That undertaking was by all accounts a rousing success, way beyond Microsoft’s predictions.

And so at E3 this year Microsoft announced it would be stepping into another traditionally aftermarket realm: custom controllers. Xbox Design Lab lets you construct your own Xbox One S controller: For $20 more than the stock Xbox One S controller (available for its list price of $60 on Amazon), you can select the color of the front, rear, bumpers and triggers, D-pad, thumbsticks, face buttons, and the Menu and View buttons.

Artistic expression

Xbox Design Lab

I took a spin through the process, which is how I ended up with my GT40-inspired controller. The Design Lab website is easy enough to navigate, though much harder to use effectively. You can create some truly awful monstrosities.

Honestly, the pool of colors to choose from isn’t that broad, especially for some of the components, like the thumbsticks. Many of the colors aren’t complementary, either. It’s much, much easier to design something hideous than attractive. Microsoft can tout however many millions of color combinations, but the reality is there are probably a hundred that look reasonably inoffensive. Maybe a few dozen that look capital-G good.

But you still get quite a bit more choice than I’m used to with first-party controllers. I spent about an hour tinkering with the website, creating various Frankensteins and even a tongue-in-cheek rendition of the stock Xbox One controller before looking at the highest-rated community designs for inspiration and settling on powder blue and orange.

Xbox One S controller

I’m pretty excited by the result. The color here is infused into the plastic, not painted on afterward like with many third-party shops’ custom controllers—a small distinction, but vital to maintaining that “official first-party controller” aesthetic. And the pad looks even better in person than it did on the site—the difference between the matte plastic of the body and the glossy plastic of the bumpers/triggers is a subtle touch I didn’t anticipate.

Place in the lineup

Now, the big question: How does this controller (regardless of custom color or not) stack up against the original Xbox One controllers?

Xbox One controller trio

From left to right: The original stock Xbox One controller, custom Xbox One S, and Xbox One Elite (with rounded sticks).

Short answer: The Xbox One Elite controller is still best of the best. That’s no surprise to me—I’ve still got an Elite controller hooked to my PC and use it weekly for various console-first games.

However, the Xbox One S controller is a step up from the original version of the Xbox One controller. It even has a lead over last year’s slight redesign. First and foremost, the Xbox One S controller has Bluetooth. You no longer need to buy Microsoft’s massive Xbox One wireless dongle then try to fit it into one of your USB slots (while blocking half a dozen others in the process).

You can only connect one Xbox One S controller at a time with Bluetooth, but I doubt most people care about that limitation. And it’s rippled into other environments too—Valve issued an update so the Steam Link works seamlessly with the Xbox One S controller through Bluetooth, too. That makes the Xbox One S controller more viable for wireless PC use (say, in the living room) than the Xbox One controller.

Xbox One S controller

It also folds in improvements Microsoft has introduced into the stock Xbox One controller since 2013, like the 3.5mm jack on the bottom of the controller. The requisite chat adapter thingamajig you needed for the original Xbox One controller was an ugly wart, and I’m happy to see it die. You also get the myriad small design tweaks: The rear of the controller is now textured where the original stock Xbox One controller was smooth. The central Xbox logo jewel is slightly smaller, and the contour lines around it have been adjusted. The controller’s overall shape has been slightly tweaked for a more ergonomic grip.

Xbox One S controller

A close-up of the textured back rear grips

And the bumpers are now softer and squishier—more like the Elite controller. That’s excellent news, because the original Xbox One’s bumpers were so loud and stiff in 2013 as to be obnoxious. Unfortunately the Xbox One S D-pad seems similarly soft and squishy, which I don’t like. It’s still better than the Xbox 360’s mushy D-pad, but it’s a step down from the original Xbox One controller.

Bottom line

My official ranking overall? The Xbox One Elite controller on top, then the Xbox One S, Xbox 360, and in last place the original stock Xbox One controller. The Elite still has quite a bit going for it—even after almost a year of use, my Elite’s analog sticks still glide like they’ve been newly oiled. It’s a beautiful controller, and I’d love for Microsoft to create an Xbox Design Lab for custom Elite controllers.

But the Xbox One S controller, in all its various color variants? Sure, you can get the stock Xbox One S controller for less, but the customization is damn nice. The Xbox Design Lab would’ve been great to have while growing up in a household with three other siblings. We could’ve settled the “No, this is my controller” argument once and for all.

Hell, that’s pretty much my plan for this one. The powder blue controller? That’s mine now. You want to play at my house, you can use the Xbox One controller that came with my console, clicky bumpers and all.


Android 7.0 Nougat update hits Android One phones

Google rolls out Android 7.0 Nougat over-the-air update for Android One devices. A reader of ours points out that the Cherry Mobile G1 is one of the many Android One phones that has the update on queue.

Android 7.0 Nougat is ready to be installed on Android One phones
Android 7.0 Nougat is ready to be installed on Android One phones

Similarly to what happened with Android 6.0 Marshmallow, Android One devices receive the latest software update the day after Google releases the Nexus factory images.

If you have an Android One smartphone, we’d like to hear from you if your device has received the software update notification.

We’ve got a splendid Android 7.0 Nougat review for you to check out and see all the latest features Google’s OS has to offer.


One Laptop Per Child redux: Spin-off delivers successors to XO hardware

6 hero infinity hardware

Non-profit One Education has an ambitious plan in a competitive PC market: to sell Windows 10 tablets and laptops inspired by the innovative spirit of One Laptop Per Child, which designed groundbreaking low-cost PCs almost a decade ago.

One Education, an OLPC spin-off, is making what it considers successors to OLPC’s XO devices, which are now out-of-date. OLPC released its first XO laptop in 2007, but the organization is now splintered and focusing on education tools.

The first One Education product is the Infinity:One, a tablet with a keyboard attachment for laptop usability. It has the green-and-white color scheme of the XO devices. It is available for US$230, and the devices will ship in August.

The Infinity:One, like the original XO-1, doesn’t have awe-inspiring hardware. But One Education CEO Rangan Srikhanta, an OLPC fan, said this laptop was for schoolkids, not for enthusiasts benchmarking performance.

“We are dealing with primary school children, so their requirements are different to that of adults. Robustness, repairability, cost and basic functionality … are important drivers,” Srikhanta said.

Infinity:One runs Windows 10, and has 2GB of RAM and 64GB of storage. It offers 10 hours of battery life, and offers a 2-megapixel front and 5-megapixel back camera.

It also has USB 2.0 and micro-USB 3.0 ports and a micro-SD slot for expandable storage. A micro-HDMI port can connect the 2-in-1 to an external display.

The screen and processor are the weak points. It has an Atom processor that’s already outdated, as those chips are being phased out by Intel in favor of Pentium and Celeron chips code-named Apollo Lake.

The 10.1-inch screen has a resolution of 1280 x 800, which is no match for today’s 2-in-1s.

The Infinity:One is an offshoot of the Infinity:Concept, a modular laptop design in which individual parts like cameras and batteries can be easily attached or removed. That design was introduced last year but didn’t make it to production.

“We have some interesting plans in the pipeline that we are working with Microsoft and our manufacturer on,” Srikhanta said.

Some ideas that One Education could borrow from the original XO include solar-powered laptops and low-power displays. Those could be valuable in countries where power is scarce. Some other wild XO ideas including riding a bicycle to recharge the battery.

One Education will continue to develop models with newer features inspired by Infinity:Concept. Srikhanta also hopes to ultimately manufacture Infinity:Concept.

Also in development is Infinity:Power, a rack on which up to 10 Infinity:One devices can be charged rapidly. It will sell for $250 when released.

But questions remains about whether One Education will succeed, or suffer the fate of OLPC, which lost focus, had funding issues and ultimately broke up.

One Education has a sustainable business model and has raised millions of dollars, Srikhanta said. It is fulfilling orders from Australian schools, and there is interest from distributors in South America, Africa and the U.K.

Also, many XO laptops are out of date, and these devices could replace them. But cheap Windows laptops are already available, and Chromebooks — which can be acquired for under $300 — are being used by many schools, which poses a big challenge for One Education.

But nonprofits can succeed in the hardware market — Raspberry Pi is a prime example. Meanwhile, Srikantha says One Education remains committed to hardware developmen