Children ‘exercise less as they get older’

Older children racing

The number of children doing an hour of exercise a day falls by nearly 40% between the ages of five and 12.

Figures suggest that by the final year of primary school, just 17% of pupils are doing the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity every day.

A spokesman for Public Health England described the drop in activity levels as “concerning”.

More than a third of children in England are overweight by the time they leave primary school.

A new survey from Public Health England and Disney looked at the effects of physical activity on children’s emotional wellbeing

More than 1,000 children aged five to 11 were questioned, with their parents acknowledging that being active made their children feel happier (79%), more confident (72%), and more sociable (74%).

But the survey also found that children’s overall happiness declined with age, with 64% of five-and six-year-olds saying they always felt happy, compared with just 48% of 11-year-olds.

Boy jumping

“Children’s physical activity levels in England are alarmingly low, and the drop in activity from the ages of five to 12 is concerning,” said Public Health England’s Eustace de Sousa.

“Children who get enough physical activity are mentally and physically healthier, and have all-round better development into adulthood – getting into the habit of doing short bursts of activity early can deliver lifelong benefits.”

Currently, just 23% of boys and 20% of girls, between the ages of five and 15, meet the national recommended level of activity, according to an NHS report published last December.

“Not being very good” was cited by many children as the reason they did not take part in some physical activities, with older children more likely to be self-conscious than their younger counterparts: 29% of 11-year-olds compared with 17% of five-year-olds.

As part of the Change4Life campaign, Sport England and Disney have joined forces to launch a 10 Minute Shake Ups programme, encouraging children to take part in accessible activities across the school holidays.

“The 10 Minute Shake Ups provide a load of fun activities to get kids moving more,” said Olympic marathon swimmer Keri-anne Payne, who is backing the campaign.

“Being active is not just for Olympians, it’s for everyone. ”

[“Source-bbc”]

This is the Astounding Impact Exercise has for Older Americans

Beyond keeping in shape, exercise can reverse the effects of aging on your body and fight brain decline.

Exercise has long been touted as an essential aspect of a healthy lifestyle, so it will come as no surprise to hear that if you don’t exercise, you should start.

What may surprise you, however, is the astounding effects exercise can have during your golden years. Beyond keeping in shape, exercise can reverse the effects of aging on your body and fight brain decline.

Sound too good to be true? Fortunately, research backs up these claims.

Reverse physical aging

After the first few decades of your life, you likely noticed your energy levels were sapped earlier in the day than they used to be and that it was harder to keep healthy. Generally, these changes are only exacerbated with time.

“Even the most athletically fit cannot escape these changes,” the National Institute on Aging said. “Take marathon runners, for example. An NIA-funded study found that their record times increased with age — aging literally slowed down the runners.”

At its most basic level, aging changes your cells. For example, lung tissue loses elasticity and rib cage muscles shrink, so the amount of air you inhale in a breath decreases, according to the NIA. Your gut produces fewer digestive enzymes, making it difficult to absorb nutrients. Your heart’s blood vessels accumulate fatty deposits.

Enough of the bad news. The good news is you can fight the breakdown.

For example, researchers found that high-intensity interval training can slow the decline of aging. Also called HIIT, this type of training involves doing a workout that goes back and forth between intense exercise and recovery periods.

Study participants did both HIIT workouts and resistance training — working out with weights — for 12 weeks, and researchers said HIIT was the workout that made the biggest difference to aerobic capacity and cells in the muscles.

Before being scared away by the words “high intensity,” consider all the workouts you can do. For example, one workout designed for seniors involves running and walking on a treadmill in this pattern:

  • Work interval: 20-second sprint
  • Rest interval: 90-second walk
  • Repeat 4-6 times
  • Cool down: 5-minute walk

If running isn’t your thing, incorporate the same pattern of exercise and rest in any activity you like such as swimming, cycling, weightlifting and so on.

Fight brain decline

Perhaps the idea that exercise can reverse aging’s physical effects makes sense, but understanding how it strengthens brain function is a little harder to grasp. Well, here’s the scoop.

Multiple studies have found that physical activity, particularly aerobic exercise, enhances cognitive function. That means exercise helps with activities in the brain including memory, attention span, language skills, logic and reasoning. These studies show exercise has “substantial benefits” according to an article published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest journal.

Exercise isn’t the only way to fight cognitive decline. Socializing and cognitive activities like doing puzzles or learning a language can also help. Still, “physical activity has the most support as protective against the deleterious effects of age on health and cognition” according to an article in the Journal of Aging Research.

These deleterious, or harmful, effects include more than just occasional forgetfulness. Physical activity can help delay the onset of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease in people who are 65 or older, according to research in the Annals of Internal Medicine journal.

All 1,740 participants were cognitively intact at the beginning of the study. After six years, the people who exercised at least three times per week had a lower rate of dementia than those who exercised less.

“These results suggest that regular exercise is associated with a delay in onset of dementia and Alzheimer disease, further supporting its value for elderly persons,” the researchers write.

Get started

As research shows, there is every reason you should exercise, even if you never have before. Don’t let common myths about exercise — such as exercise not being safe — get in your way. Of course, before you start any exercise program, you should always consult with your physician.

ComForCare of Palm Beach Gardens is the premier provider of private-duty, non-medical home health care allowing people to age comfortably, safely and happily in place. Services include meal preparation, light housekeeping, grooming and hygiene help, transportation assistance, medication reminders and more. Caregivers can even go on walks with those they care for or help them safely complete approved exercise routines. To learn more, visit comforcare.com/palmbeach.

[“Source-cbs12.”]

Get off that couch to beat dementia: Experts to older folks

Sedentary older adults with no genetic risk factors for dementia may be just as likely to develop the disease as those who are genetically predisposed, researchers, including one of Indian origin, have warned.

The study , which followed more than 1,600 Canadians over five years, sheds new light on the relationship between genes, lifestyle risk factors and dementia.

Researchers also found out that while the carriers of a variant of the `apolipo protein E’ genotype are more likely to develop dementia, inactivity dramatically increases the risk for non-carriers. “The important message here is that being inactive may completely negate the protective effects of a healthy set of genes,“ said Jennifer Heisz, assistant professor at McMaster University, Canada.

“Given that most individuals are not at genetic risk, physical exercise may be an effective prevention strategy,“ she added. About 47.5 million people worldwide suffer from dementia. The number is expected to surge to 115.4 million by 2050, the researchers said. With no known cure, there is an urgent need to explore, identify and change lifestyle factors that can reduce dementia risk, they added.

“This research shows that exercise can mitigate the risk of dementia for people without the variant of the apolipo protein genotype. However, more research is needed to determine the implications from a public health perspective,“ said Parminder Raina from McMaster

source”cnbc”

Why Older People Struggle To Hear In Noisy Places

Why Older People Struggle To Hear In Noisy Places

NEW YORK:  Something must be going on in the brains of older adults that causes them to struggle to follow speech amid background noise, even when their hearing would be considered normal, researchers from University of Maryland have determined.

Researchers Samira Anderson, Jonathan Z Simon and Alessandro Presacco found that adults aged 61-73 with normal hearing scored significantly worse on speech understanding in noisy environments than adults aged 18-30 with normal hearing.

The researchers studied two areas of the brain. They looked at the more ‘ancestral’ midbrain area which does basic processing of all sounds.

They also looked at the cortex which is particularly large in humans and part of which specialises in speech processing.

In the young group, the mid-brain generated a signal that matched its task in each case – looking like speech in the quiet environment, and speech clearly discernable against a noisy background in the noise environment.

But in the older group, the quality of the response to the speech signal was degraded even when in the quiet environment, and the response was even worse in the noisy environment.

“For older listeners, even when there isn’t any noise, the brain is already having trouble processing the speech,” said Simon.

Neural signals recorded from cortex showed that younger adults could process speech well in a relatively short amount of time.

But the auditory cortex of older test subjects took longer to represent the same amount of information.

“Part of the comprehension problems experienced by older adults in both quiet and noise conditions could be linked to age-related imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory neural processes in the brain,” Mr Presacco added.

This imbalance could impair the brain’s ability to correctly process auditory stimuli and could be the main cause of the abnormally high cortical response observed in the study.

“Older people need more time to figure out what a speaker is saying. They are dedicating more of their resources and exerting more effort than younger adults when they are listening to speech,” Mr Simon noted in a paper published by the Journal of Neurophysiology.

This eroding of brain function appears to be typical for older adults and a natural part of the ageing process.

The researchers are now looking into whether brain training techniques may be able to help older adults improve their speech comprehension.

source”gsmarena”

Laughter With Exercise May Boost Health In Older Adults

Laughter With Exercise May Boost Health In Older AdultsIncorporating laughter into a physical activity programme may improve older adult’s mental health, aerobic endurance and confidence in their ability to exercise, according to a new study.

In the study, led by researchers from Georgia State University in the US, older adults residing in four assisted-living facilities participated in a moderate-intensity group exercise programme called LaughActive.

LaughActive incorporates playful simulated laughter into a strength, balance and flexibility workout.

In simulated laughter exercises, participants initially choose to laugh and go through the motions of laughing. The exercises facilitate eye contact and playful behaviours with other participants, which generally transition the laughter from simulated to genuine.

Simulated laughter techniques are based on knowledge that the body cannot distinguish between genuine laughter that might result from humour and laughter that is self-initiated as bodily exercise.

Both forms of laughter elicit health benefits, researchers said.

For six weeks, study participants attended two 45-minute physical activity sessions per week that included eight to 10 laughter exercises lasting 30 to 60 seconds each.

A laughter exercise was typically incorporated into the workout routine after every two to four strength, balance and flexibility exercises.

Because laughter is scientifically demonstrated to strengthen and relax muscles, the laughter exercises often involved physicality in the muscles being worked in strength, balance and flexibility exercises to prepare the body for exercise and help it recover.

The study found significant improvements among participants in mental health, aerobic endurance and outcome expectations for exercise (for example, perceived benefit of exercise participation), based on assessments completed by the participants.

When surveyed about their satisfaction with the programme, 96.2 per cent found laughter to be an enjoyable addition to a traditional exercise programme, 88.9 per cent said laughter helped make exercise more accessible and 88.9 per cent reported the programme enhanced their motivation to participate in other exercise classes or activities.

“The combination of laughter and exercise may influence older adults to begin exercising and to stick with the programme,” said lead author Celeste Greene from Georgia State’s Gerontology Institute.source”cnbc”

“We want to help older adults have a positive experience with exercise, so we developed a physical activity programme that specifically targets exercise enjoyment through laughter,” added Greene.

 

source”cnbc”

Older Chromebooks may not get the Play keep, despite the fact that they’re able to run Android apps

Chromebooks recently beat out Macs in terms of shipments, in step with one analyst company. Now itseems Google has a plan to turn that feat into an ongoing income streak: Android apps. lots and masses of Android apps.

because the employer announced all through Google I/O 2016, Google plans to carry the complete Playsave—Google’s repository for Android apps—to Chrome OS. not each app will work perfectly, of path,because the Chromebook will want to have any hardware the app calls for to feature. however for themaximum element popular Android apps need to run just best.

however here’s the seize: the imminent Android apps capability will simplest paintings with futureChromebooks and select present Chromebooks that rolled out within the closing years, as Ars Technica first observed. Google currently published a compatibility listing for Chromebooks so as to run Android apps, and the roster is positive to frustrate folks who jumped on the Chromebook bandwagon early.

were given a 2013 Chromebook Pixel with an Intel middle processor and 8GB of RAM? No Android apps for you. How about a 2015 Dell Chromebook 11 3120 with an Intel Celeron processor and 2GB of RAM? Use all of the Android apps you want.

That indicates there are not any technical boundaries preventing at the least some older Chromebooks from jogging Android apps. Google instructed Ars the decision to reduce out gadgets older than twoyears turned into intentional. In other phrases, don’t anticipate to look a ton of other devices delivered to the list through the years. If that’s the case, then the obstacle may be a ploy by means of Google and itscompanions to promote more Chromebooks.

Now to be truthful, Google simplest guarantees to support Chromebooks for 5 years from their releasedate. Early Chromebooks from 2010 and 2011, therefore, may also honestly be unsupported because ofGoogle’s give up-of-existence policy. but that doesn’t give an explanation for the seemingly arbitrarydecision to cut out Chromebooks from 2013 and early 2014.

Fountain of children? nutritional complement may additionally save you and reverse excessive damage to getting older mind, research indicates


A nutritional complement containing a blend of thirty nutrients and minerals — all herbal componentsextensively to be had in health meals shops — has shown fantastic anti-ageing properties that couldprevent or even opposite huge mind mobile loss, consistent with new studies from McMasteruniversity.

it’s a combination scientists accept as true with may want to one day sluggish the progress of catastrophic neurological diseases together with Alzheimer’s, ALS and Parkinson’s.

“The findings are dramatic,” says Jennifer Lemon, research accomplice in the branch of Biology and a leadauthor of the take a look at. “Our wish is this supplement should offset a few very severe illnesses andultimately improve great of life.”

The method, which contains common components such as nutrients B, C and D, folic acid,inexperienced tea extract, cod liver oil and other nutraceuticals, was first designed by means of scientists in McMaster’s branch of Biology in 2000.

a series of studies published over the last decade and a half of have shown its benefits in mice, in bothregular mice and those particularly bred for such research because they age rapidly, experiencing dramatic declines in cognitive and motor feature in a remember of months.

The mice used on this observe had tremendous loss of extra than half of their brain cells, severelyimpacting multiple areas of the mind by three hundred and sixty five days of age, the human equal ofextreme Alzheimer’s sickness.

The mice were fed the supplement on small portions of bagel every day over the path of numerousmonths. through the years, researchers located that it completely removed the severe brain cellular loss and abolished cognitive decline.

“The studies suggests that there may be great potential with this supplement to help folks that areaffected by a few catastrophic neurological sicknesses,” says Lemon, who performed the work with co-author Vadim Aksenov, a submit-doctoral fellow inside the department of Biology at McMaster.

“We know this due to the fact mice revel in the identical simple cell mechanisms that contribute to neurodegeneration that human beings do. All species, in fact. there may be a commonality among us all.”

further to looking at the main markers of growing old, they also found that the mice on the supplementsskilled enhancement in vision and maximum remarkably in the experience of smell — the loss of that’sregularly associated with neurological sicknessadvanced stability and motor activity.

the next step inside the studies is to test the supplement on people, possibly in the subsequent twoyears, and goal those who are dealing with neurodegenerative sicknesses. The research is posted on line in the journal Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis.