Healthy food may benefit people with HIV, diabetes: Study

ANI | Jan 26, 2017, 02.26 PM IST

Healthy food may benefit people with HIV, diabetes: Study (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)Healthy food may benefit people with HIV, diabetes: Study (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Mediterranean diet loaded with fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins and healthy fats for six months may benefit people with HIV and Type 2 diabetes.

According to researchers, through healthy food and snacks HIV-positive people were more likely to adhere to their medication regimens, and people with type 2 diabetes, were less depressed and less likely to make trade-offs between food and healthcare.

The study, which appeared online in the Journal of Urban Health, was designed to evaluate whether helping people get medically appropriate, comprehensive nutrition would improve their health.

“We saw significant improvements in food security and in outcomes related to all three mechanisms through which we posited food insecurity may affect HIV and diabetes health–nutritional, mental health, and behavioral,” said Kartika Palar from University Of California – San Francisco.

“We saw dramatic improvements in depression, the distress of having diabetes, diabetes self-management, trading-off between food and healthcare and HIV medication adherence,” Palar added.

They included 52 participants in the study.

They found number of people with diabetes who achieved optimal blood sugar control increased, and decreases in hospitalizations or emergency department visits, but these changes did not reach statistical significance. Participants with diabetes also consumed less sugar and lost weight.

The researchers followed the participants for six months and found they consumed fewer fats, while increasing their consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Overall, those in the study had fewer symptoms of depression and were less likely to binge drink. For those with HIV, adherence to antiretroviral therapy increased from 47 to 70 percent.

The meals and snacks, which participants picked up twice a week, were based on the Mediterranean diet and featured fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats like olive oil, and whole grains.

“This study highlights the vital role that community-based food support organisations can play in supporting health and well-being of chronically ill populations who struggle to afford basic needs,” said senior study author Sheri Weiser.

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source”cnbc”

Delhi Schools Fee Hike: Schools may appeal to the SC again

In a similar manner, the bench of Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice J S Khehar has also observed that these schools have to take permission from the government before hiking fees as they are on the land allotted by the Delhi Development Authority (DDA).

Supreme Court

Supreme Court

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Private schools in the national capital will have to take prior permission from the government before increasing the school fees.

The Supreme Court on Monday decided to overrule the plea brought by the committee of private unaided schools thus challenging the Delhi High Court’s ruling in the earlier event asking the private schools to comply by the government norms regarding fee hike.

The Delhi High Court had earlier mandated the private schools to take prior permission from the government before hiking their fees as these schools are located on land allotted by the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) and further added that schools cannot indulge in profiteering and commercialisation of education.

The High Court judgement had come after a PIL filed by an NGO which had sought that recognised private unaided schools eastablished on land allotted by DDA are directed to abide by the stipulation in the letter of allotment, which is to take prior sanction of DoE before hiking their fees.

Also read: Delhi Nursery Admissions: Deadline for EWS category extended to February 14

In a similar manner, the bench of Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice J S Khehar has also observed that these schools have to take permission from the government before hiking fees as they are on the land allotted to them by the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) and refused to admit the plea for hearing.

“We have another chance to challenge the order of Delhi High Court that mandated government nod for fee hike.We are just discussing the possible options of moving SC again,” said S K Bhattacharya, Chairperson of Action Committee of Private Schools, which has over 1000 schools registered with it.

“It will be premature to comment on the content of the possible petition but we are working on it,” added Bhattacharya.

Also read: Instead of taking over private schools, improve public schools: Delhi High Court

The Government had last year ordered that private unaided recognised schools, built on the land allotted by DDA or other government agencies on concessional rates, shall not increase tuition fee without prior permission of the Directorate, prompting schools to take the legal recourse.

The High Court had also directed the Delhi government’s Directorate of Education (DoE) to ensure compliance of the terms in letter of allotment regarding increase of fees by recognised private unaided schools on land alloted by the DDA.

It had also directed the DDA to take appropriate steps in accordance with the law against those private schools which violated the stipulation regarding fee hike in the letter of allotment.

source”cnbc”

Romantic love hormone may help treat psychosexual disorders

 

Romantic love hormone may help treat psychosexual disordersRomantic love hormone may help treat psychosexual disorders

Men who were given an injection of a naturally occurring hormone showed enhanced activity in brain regions involved with sexual arousal and romantic love, decline in negative moods as well as helping treat some psychosexual disorders that commonly occur in patients with infertility, a study has found.

Kisspeptin has been linked to sexy and romantic feelings and is essential to the body’s reproductive system.

“Our study indicates that kisspeptin plays a role in stimulating some of the emotions and responses that lead to sex and reproduction,” said lead author Waljit Dhillo, Professor at Imperial College London.

“Kisspeptin boosts sexual and romantic brain activity as well as decreasing negative mood. This raises the interesting possibility that kisspeptin may have uses in treating psychosexual disorders and depression which are major health problems which often occur together,” added Alexander Comninos from Imperial College London.

For the study, the team involved 29 healthy heterosexual young men who were given either an injection of kisspeptin or placebo who were shown a variety of images, including sexual and non-sexual romantic pictures of couples.

The findings demonstrated that men who received the injection of kisspeptin, had enhanced activity in structures in the brain typically activated by sexual arousal and romance.

This shows that kisspeptin boosts behavioural circuits associated with sex and love, the researchers said.

Further, the volunteers also underwent MRI scans where they were shown sexual and non-sexual romantic, negative, and neutral-themed images, and images of happy, fearful and neutral emotional faces.

Kisspeptin did not appear to alter emotional brain activity in response to neutral, happy or fearful-themed images.

However, when volunteers were shown negative images, kisspeptin did enhance activity in brain structures important in regulating negative moods, suggesting that then hormone might be used for treating depression, the researchers stated.

The study is detailed in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

source”cnbc”

Every meal triggers inflammation that may protect us

IANS | Jan 22, 2017, 07.01 PM IST

Every meal triggers inflammation that may protect us (Image Courtesy: Pexels)Every meal triggers inflammation that may protect us (Image Courtesy: Pexels)
Every time we eat food, it may trigger an inflammatory response that acts as a protective mechanism to fight the bacteria consumed along with the food, a study has found.

The findings showed that this inflammatory response, which acts as a protective mechanism, fails in overweight individuals leading to diabetes.

On the other hand, in healthy individuals, short-term inflammatory responses play an important role in sugar uptake and the activation of the immune system.

The study, led by researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland, showed that depending on the concentration of glucose in the blood, the number of macrophages — a type of immune cell or “scavenger cells” — around the intestines increases during meal times and produces the messenger substance Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta).

This stimulates insulin production in pancreatic beta cells and prompts the macrophages to increase IL-1beta production.

Insulin and IL-1beta work together to regulate blood sugar levels while IL-1beta ensures that the immune system is supplied with glucose and thus remains active.

This mechanism of the metabolism and immune system is dependent on the bacteria and nutrients that are ingested during meals, the researchers said.

With sufficient nutrients, the immune system is able to adequately combat foreign bacteria, said Erez Dror from the university.

Conversely, when there is a lack of nutrients, the few remaining calories must be conserved for important life functions at the expense of an immune response, Dror added.

The study was published in the journal Nature Immunology.

Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.

source”cnbc”

Glucose,may,cut,induced,labour,duration,in,childbirth

IANS | Updated: Jan 23, 2017, 04.58 PM IST

Glucose may cut induced labour duration in childbirth (Image Courtesy: Thinkstock)Glucose may cut induced labour duration in childbirth (Image Courtesy: Thinkstock)
Administering glucosesupplements to women during childbirth, especially for the first birth, may shorten the labour time, researchers say.

A prolonged labour, or a failure to progress, is a labour that takes more than 20 hours for first-time mothers and more than 14 hours for mothers who have given birth before.

A prolonged labour is not only defined by the duration, it is regarded as prolonged but, when cervical dilation takes place at less than 1 centimetre per hour. Prolonged labour can be harmful to maternal and foetal health.

According to the study, because glucose supplementation is known to improve muscle performance, adding glucose to the intravenous hydration solution women receive during childbirth could accelerate labour.

“Glucose supplementation significantly reduces the total length of labour without increasing the rate of complication. This is great news for women experiencing induced labour,” said Josianne Pare from the University of Sherbrooke in Quebec, Canada.

For the study, 200 pregnant women were randomly assigned to receive either a standard hydration solution containing salt and water or a solution containing glucose, salt and water.

The results showed that the median duration of labour was 76 minutes shorter in the group of women receiving glucose.

However, “there was no difference in the mode of delivery — caesarean section, forceps, etc. — or the neonatal well-being measures,” Pare said.

Thus, being a low-cost and safe intervention, glucose should be the solute of choice during labour, the researchers recommended.

The findings will be presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual meeting, in Quebec.

source”cnbc”

Every meal triggers inflammation that may protect us

IANS | Jan 22, 2017, 07.01 PM IST

Every meal triggers inflammation that may protect us (Image Courtesy: Pexels)Every meal triggers inflammation that may protect us (Image Courtesy: Pexels)
Every time we eat food, it may trigger an inflammatory response that acts as a protective mechanism to fight the bacteria consumed along with the food, a study has found.

The findings showed that this inflammatory response, which acts as a protective mechanism, fails in overweight individuals leading to diabetes.

On the other hand, in healthy individuals, short-term inflammatory responses play an important role in sugar uptake and the activation of the immune system.

The study, led by researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland, showed that depending on the concentration of glucose in the blood, the number of macrophages — a type of immune cell or “scavenger cells” — around the intestines increases during meal times and produces the messenger substance Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta).

This stimulates insulin production in pancreatic beta cells and prompts the macrophages to increase IL-1beta production.

Insulin and IL-1beta work together to regulate blood sugar levels while IL-1beta ensures that the immune system is supplied with glucose and thus remains active.

This mechanism of the metabolism and immune system is dependent on the bacteria and nutrients that are ingested during meals, the researchers said.

With sufficient nutrients, the immune system is able to adequately combat foreign bacteria, said Erez Dror from the university.

Conversely, when there is a lack of nutrients, the few remaining calories must be conserved for important life functions at the expense of an immune response, Dror added.

The study was published in the journal Nature Immunology.

Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.

source”cnbc”

Gestational diabetes may up postpartum depression risk

IANS | Jan 20, 2017, 06.30 PM IST

Gestational diabetes may up postpartum depression risk (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)Gestational diabetes may up postpartum depression risk (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Gestational diabetes is likely to raise the risk of depression after childbirth in first-time mothers, a study has found.

Gestational diabetes is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women.

The findings showed that women with a history of depression are more than 20 times more likely to experience postpartum depression than mothers without a previous clinical diagnosis of depression.

“While having diabetes increases postpartum depression risk for all women, for those women who have had a past depressive episode, having diabetes during pregnancy makes it 70 per cent more likely that they will develop postpartum depression,” said lead author Michael E. Silverman, Assistant Professor at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, US.

Postpartum depression can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes.

In addition, the study found that among women with a history of depression, pre-gestational diabetes and mild preterm delivery increased the risk of postpartum depression.

On the other hand, in women who had no history of depression, young age, instrument-assisted or cesarean delivery, and moderate preterm delivery increased risk of postpartum depression.

Showing that a history of depression modifies some of the risks associated with obstetric and perinatal factors suggests that there may be different causal pathways of postpartum depression in women with and without a history of depression, the researchers said.

“Most practitioners think of these as two isolated and very different conditions, but we now understand gestational diabetes and postpartum depression should be considered together,” Silverman said.

For the study, published in the journal Depression and Anxiety the team included more than 700,000 first-time mothers from Sweden.

source”cnbc”

Dear men, work-related stress may cause cancer

ANI | Jan 18, 2017, 04.00 PM IST

Dear men, work-related stress may cause cancerDear men, work-related stress may cause cancer
The findings indicate that the link was observed in men, who had been exposed to 15 to 30 years of work-related stressand in some cases, more than 30 years.

According to the study published in journal of Preventive Medicine, prolonged exposure of men to work-related stress has been linked to an increased likelihood of lung, colon, rectal and stomach cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Researchers at INRS and Universite de Montreal in Canada conducted the study to assess the link between cancer and work-related stress perceived by men throughout their working life.

On average, the study participants had held four jobs, with some holding up to a dozen or more during their working lifetime.

A link between work-related stress and cancer was not found in participants who had held stressful jobs for less than 15 years.

Significant links to five of the eleven cancers considered in the study were revealed.

The most stressful jobs included firefighter, industrial engineer, aerospace engineer, mechanic foreman, and vehicle and railway-equipment repair worker and for the same individual, stress varied depending on the job held.

The study also shows that perceived stress is not limited to high work load and time constraints.

“One of the biggest flaws in previous cancer studies is that none of them assessed work-related stress over a full working lifetime, making it impossible to determine how the duration of exposure to work-related stress affects cancer development,” the authors explained.

“Our study shows the importance of measuring stress at different points in an individual’s working life,” the authors noted.

Customer service, sales commissions, responsibilities, the participant’s anxious temperament, job insecurity, financial problems, challenging or dangerous work conditions, employee supervision, interpersonal conflict and a difficult commute were all sources of stress listed by the participants.

source”cnbc”

Google’s low-cost Android One program may expand to the U.S.

google io sundar pinchai android one

When Google launched its Android One program in 2014 it was designed for one main reason: to create a system of standards for phones in developing countries. Targeting emerging markets in Pakistan, India, the Philippines, Indonesia, and others, the program dictated minimum hardware standards and limited software tweaks to insure people everywhere had access to low-cost phones that still provided regular security updates and the latest Android features.

Now it looks like the program is on its way to the U.S.

According to a report in The Information, Google is looking to launch its first Android One phone in the States “before the middle of the year,” and is eyeing LG as a potential manufacturer. Yesterday, VentureBeat divulged that Google would be partnering with LG on the release of its first Android Wear watch, but The Information’s report doesn’t say whether the two companies would be collaborating on the development of the Android One handset.

As Amir Efrati explains, the U.S. launch of Android One is backed by “major new promotional dollars” for phone makers that play by Google’s rules. The first handset is expected to be priced between $200 and $300, and all subsequent models will need to adhere to Google’s strict guidelines “to ensure that they’re fast and responsive—and that they stay that way over time.”

android one lava pixel v1

Google

The Lava Pixel V1 phone is part of the Android One program.

While Google hasn’t divulged the terms of its specifications, the phones highlighted on Google’s Android One site all feature a minimum of a Cortex A7 1.3 GHz quad-core processor, 1GB of RAM, 4GB of internal storage, and a 1,700 mAh battery. It’s unclear whether the requirements of the U.S. phones would need to adhere to different standards than those made for overseas markets.

The story behind the story: One of the biggest problems facing low-cost Android phones in the U.S. is that they are often bogged down by carrier and manufacturer bloatware, as well as a lack of timely security and OS updates. A push by Google into the U.S. with Android One would be an interesting move, especially if it’s backed by a strong advertising campaign.

With the Pixel, Google introduced a mainstream phone that enjoys timely updates. Bringing that kind of attention to budget phones in the U.S. could begin to shake up the low-end of the market. The truth is, many people don’t know that they won’t be getting the latest version of Android after they purchase their phone, so anything Google can do to stress the importance of regular updates will be an important step.

This story, “Google’s low-cost Android One program may expand to the U.S.” was originally published by Greenbot.

Hypertension in late life may prevent dementia

Hypertension in late life may prevent dementia (Robert Llewellyn/Getty Images)Hypertension in late life may prevent dementia (Robert Llewellyn/Getty Images)
Individuals who develop high blood pressure at the age 80 or older – known as the ‘oldest old’ – may have decreased risk of dementia after age 90, a study has found.

Hypertension and other heart health risk factors are generally thought to increase dementia risk.

“The study found that hypertension is not a risk factor for dementia in people age 90 or over, but is actually associated with reduced dementia risk,” said lead author Maria Corrada, Professor at the University of California, Irvine.

The results revealed that participants who reported hypertension onset at age 80 to 89 were 42 per cent less likely to develop dementia after age 90 compared to those who reported no history of high blood pressure.

Participants whose hypertension began at age 90 or older were at even lower risk – 63 per cent less likely to develop dementia.

Dementia risk declined as hypertension severity increased – a trend consistent with the idea that, in this age group, hypertension may protect the brain from insults that lead to dementia, the researchers observed.

Blood pressure may need to reach a certain level to maintain adequate blood flow in the brain for normal cognition, and that this level may change with age, the researchers explained as the potential reasons for the association between hypertension and dementia risk.

Another possible reason may be that the blood pressure drops before the onset of dementia as a consequence of brain cell deterioration, and thus older people who are not developing dementia will have higher blood pressure.

The results were published online in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association

source”cnbc”