Children ‘exercise less as they get older’

Older children racing

The number of children doing an hour of exercise a day falls by nearly 40% between the ages of five and 12.

Figures suggest that by the final year of primary school, just 17% of pupils are doing the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity every day.

A spokesman for Public Health England described the drop in activity levels as “concerning”.

More than a third of children in England are overweight by the time they leave primary school.

A new survey from Public Health England and Disney looked at the effects of physical activity on children’s emotional wellbeing

More than 1,000 children aged five to 11 were questioned, with their parents acknowledging that being active made their children feel happier (79%), more confident (72%), and more sociable (74%).

But the survey also found that children’s overall happiness declined with age, with 64% of five-and six-year-olds saying they always felt happy, compared with just 48% of 11-year-olds.

Boy jumping

“Children’s physical activity levels in England are alarmingly low, and the drop in activity from the ages of five to 12 is concerning,” said Public Health England’s Eustace de Sousa.

“Children who get enough physical activity are mentally and physically healthier, and have all-round better development into adulthood – getting into the habit of doing short bursts of activity early can deliver lifelong benefits.”

Currently, just 23% of boys and 20% of girls, between the ages of five and 15, meet the national recommended level of activity, according to an NHS report published last December.

“Not being very good” was cited by many children as the reason they did not take part in some physical activities, with older children more likely to be self-conscious than their younger counterparts: 29% of 11-year-olds compared with 17% of five-year-olds.

As part of the Change4Life campaign, Sport England and Disney have joined forces to launch a 10 Minute Shake Ups programme, encouraging children to take part in accessible activities across the school holidays.

“The 10 Minute Shake Ups provide a load of fun activities to get kids moving more,” said Olympic marathon swimmer Keri-anne Payne, who is backing the campaign.

“Being active is not just for Olympians, it’s for everyone. ”


iOS 10 is running on 66% of devices less than a month after release

iOS 10 is running on 66% of devices less than a month after release

iOS 10 officially went out on September 13. And today, less than one month from that moment, 66% of supported devices are already running the latest version of Apple’s mobile operating system.

This is a record breaking achievement, even compared to past iOS updates. They all do well when it comes to adoption (especially against Android), but iOS 10 has been a breakout hit. As you can see from the metrics portrayed below, no other iOS release has reached such a big install base in such a short amount of time before.

Interestingly, the adoption rate of iOS 10 initially lagged way behind what iOS 6, 7, and 9 saw for approximately the first two weeks. After that, however, the latest iteration of the software quickly gained more installs than those three. It’s unclear what caused this sudden uptick. Perhaps a lot of iPhone 7 and 7 Plus units were shipped around that time, or maybe Apple only notified users of older iOS versions about the new one around two weeks after its initial outing.

Making iOS 10.0.2 available on September 23 may have contributed too in some way, although the truth is no one knows for sure why the adoption curve for iOS 10 looks the way it does. Regardless, it seems like iOS 10 may be on track to become one of Apple’s most successful releases ever, if not the most successful – in terms of how many people choose to jump to it on their devices.


For Less Toxic E-Cigarettes, Skip The Strawberry

For Less Toxic E-Cigarettes, Skip The StrawberryWhen it comes to e-cigarette safety, flavorings added to the liquid nicotine burned in the devices may influence how much the fumes lead to health problems, a recent study suggests.

Researchers tested vapor released by a variety of devices filled with some popular e-cigarette flavors – tobacco, pina colada, menthol, coffee and strawberry – to compare levels of chemicals known to cause inflammation and cell damage. They also looked at how much these chemicals appeared in tobacco smoke and in smoke-free air.

As expected, cigarette smoke was more toxic than fumes from e-cigarettes, said senior study author Maciej Goniewicz of Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York.

E-cigarettes, however, had more toxic chemicals than smoke-free air, especially when the devices had higher power or voltage and when used with flavored liquid nicotine.

“We found that strawberry-flavored product was the most toxic among all liquids we tested,” Goniewicz added by email.

The researchers exposed human lung cells in a dish to smoke, e-cigarette vapors and air. The cells reacted most strongly to smoke, by reducing their metabolic activity and increasing output of inflammation-related chemicals. Similar, but not as strong, reactions were seen with e-cigarette vapor, compared to no change with plain air.

Past research has found that higher-voltage e-cigarettes produce a bigger nicotine jolt, but may also increase levels of dangerous chemicals like formaldehyde.

“Our findings raise some concerns about the safety of additives used in e-cigarettes,” Goniewicz said. “If an e-cigarette user experiences any side effects, for example cough or chest pain, he or she should consider changing the flavorings in the product and operating their device in lower-power settings.”

Big U.S. tobacco companies are all developing e-cigarettes. The battery-powered gadgets feature a glowing tip and a heating element that turns liquid nicotine and flavorings into a cloud of vapor that users inhale.

An international review of published research by the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews last month concluded that the devices could help smokers quit but said much of the existing evidence on e-cigarette safety was thin.

The current study doesn’t offer a complete picture of e-cigarette safety or address the potential for health problems to emerge after long-term use, the authors note.

But it does suggest flavors may have an outsize impact on safety, the authors conclude in the journal Tobacco Control.

A separate study in the journal looked at cinnamaldehyde, a chemical added to liquid nicotine to create cinnamon flavors.

In lab tests of fluids from 39 refill cartridges of liquid nicotine, 20 contained enough cinnamaldehyde to damage cells, the study found. This included products labeled as cinnamon flavored as well as a variety of sweet and fruity mixtures.

Here, too, the level of toxicity appeared greater with higher voltage devices.

“We previously showed that cinnamaldehyde was highly toxic when tested in vitro with various types of cells,” said senior study author Prue Talbot of the University of California, Riverside.


Hardcore Windows: How to solve Windows 10 crashes in less than a minute

When I began to work with Windows 10, I was able to shut the laptop down without Googling to find the power button icon; a great improvement over Windows 8. My next interest was determining what to do when the OS falls over, generating a Blue Screen of Death. This article will describe how to set your system up so that, when it does, you’ll be able to find the cause of most crashes in less than a minute for no cost.

acer bsod test

In Windows 10, the Blue Screen looks the same as in Windows 8/8.1. It’s that screen with the frown emoticon and the message “Your PC ran into a problem . . .” This screen appears more friendly than the original Blue Screens, but a truly friendly screen would tell you what caused the problem and how to fix it; something that would not be difficult since most BSODs are caused by misbehaved third party drivers that are often easily identified by the MS Windows debugger.

+ For earlier versions of the OS, refer to the following:  

Windows 8: (Article) How to solve Windows 8 crashes in less than a minute
(Slide show) How to solve Windows 8 crashes
Windows 7:
  Solve Windows 7 crashes in minutes
Windows XP/2000:
How to solve Windows crashes in minutes

Just to be clear, this article deals with system crashes, not application crashes or system hangs. In a full system crash, the operating system has concluded that something has gone so wrong (such as memory corruption) that continued operation could cause serious or catastrophic results. Therefore, the OS attempts to shut down as cleanly as possible – saving system state information in the process – then restarts (if set to do so) as a refreshed environment and with debug information ready to be analyzed.


  • Why Windows 10 crashes
  • What is a
  • Configuring Windows 10 to generate the right memory dump
  • What are symbols and why you need them

Why Windows 10 crashes

To be sure, Windows has grown in features and size since its introduction in 1985 and has become more stable along the way. Nevertheless, and in spite of the protection mechanisms built in to the OS, crashes still happen.

Once known as the Ring Protection Scheme, Windows 10 operates in both User Mode(Ring 3) and Kernel Mode (Ring 0). The idea is simple; run core operating system code and device drivers in Kernel Mode and software applications and user mode drivers in User Mode. For applications to access the services of the OS and the hardware, they must call upon Windows services that act as proxies. Thus, by blocking User Mode code from having direct access to Kernel Mode, OS operations are generally well protected.

The problem is when Kernel Mode code goes awry. In most cases, it is third-party drivers living in Kernel Mode that make erroneous calls, such as to non-existent memory or to overwrite OS code, that result in system failures. And, yes, it is true that Window itself is seldom at fault.

Where to get help with Windows 10 crashes

There are plenty of places to turn to for help with BSODs, a few of which are listed below. For example, ConfigSafe tells you what drivers have changed and AutorunCheck tells you what Windows Autorun settings have changed. Both help nail the culprit in a system failure. And everyone should have the book Windows Internals; it is the bible that every network admin and CIO should turn to, especially Chapter 14 “Crash Dump Analysis,” which is in Part 2 of the book.

When I asked Mark Russinovich, one of the authors, why a network admin or CIO – as opposed to a programmer – should read it, he said, “If you’re managing Windows systems and don’t know the difference between a process and a thread, how Windows manages virtual and physical memory, or how kernel-mode drivers can crash a system, you’re handicapping yourself. Understanding these concepts is critical to fully understanding crash dumps and being able to decipher their clues.”

So, while WinDbg provides the data about the state of a system when it fell over,Windows Internals turns that cryptic data into actionable information that helps you resolve the cause.


Name Type Location Guide:
AutorunCheck Tool:
CNET Form:
ConfigSafe Tool:
Experts-Exchange Help Site:
FiretowerGuard Tool:
Windows 10 Forums Forum:
Microsoft Autoruns Tool:
Microsoft DaRT Tool:
TechNet Forum:
TenForums Forum:
WhoCrashed Tool:
WinDbg Tool:
Windows Internals Book:
WindowsSecrets Forum:

What is a memory dump?

A memory dump is a copy or a snapshot of the contents of a system’s memory at the point of a system crash. Dump files are important because they can show who was doing what at the point the system fell over. Dump files are, by the nature of their contents, difficult to decipher unless you know what to look for.

Windows 10 can produce five types of memory dump files, each of which are described below.

1.     Automatic Memory Dump

Size: Size of OS kernel

The Automatic memory dump is the default option selected when you install Windows 10. It was created to support the “System Managed” page file configuration which has been updated to reduce the page file size on disk, primarily for small SSDs, but will also benefit servers with large amounts of RAM. The Automatic memory dump option produces a Kernel memory dump; the difference is when you select Automatic it allows the SMSS process to reduce the page file smaller than the size of RAM.

To check or edit the system paging file size, go to the following:

Windows 10 button | Control Panel | System and Security | System | Advanced system settings | Performance | Settings | Advanced | Change

startup and recovery

2. Active Memory Dump

Location: %SystemRoot%\Memory.dmp
Size: Triple the size of a kernel or automatic dump file

The Active memory dump is a recent feature from Microsoft. While much smaller than a complete memory dump, it is probably three times the size of a kernel dump. This is because it includes both the kernel and the user space. On my test system with 4GB RAM running Windows 10 on an Intel Core i7 64-bit processor the Active dump was about 1.5GB. Since, on occasion, dump files have to be transported I compressed it, which brought it down to about 500MB.

3. Complete Memory Dump

Location: %SystemRoot%\Memory.dmp
Size: Installed RAM plus 1MB

A complete (or full) memory dump is the largest dump file because it includes all of the physical memory that is used by the Windows OS. You can assume that the file will be about equal to the installed RAM. With many systems having multiple GBs, this can quickly become a storage issue, especially if you are having more than the occasional crash. Generally speaking, stick to the automatic dump file.

4. Kernel Memory Dump

Location:   %SystemRoot%\Memory.dmp
Size: ≈size of physical memory “owned” by kernel-mode components

Kernel dumps are roughly equal in size to the RAM occupied by the Windows 10 kernel, about 700MB on my test system. Compression brought it down nearly 80% to 150MB. One advantage of a kernel dump is that it contains the binaries which are needed for analysis. The Automatic dump setting creates a kernel dump file by default, saving only the most recent, as well as a minidump for each event.

5. Small Memory Dump (a.k.a. a mini dump)

Location: %SystemRoot%\Minidump
Size: At least 64K on x86 and 128k on x64 (279K on my W10 test PC)

Minidumps include memory pages pointed to them by registers given their values at the point of the fault, as well as the stack of the faulting thread. What makes them small is that they do not contain any of the binary or executable files that were in memory at the time of the failure. However, those files are critically important for subsequent analysis by the debugger.

As long as you are debugging on the machine that created the dump file, WinDbg can find them in the System Root folders (unless the binaries were changed by a system update after the dump file was created). Alternatively, the debugger should be able to locate them automatically through SymServ, Microsoft’s online store of symbol files. Unless changed by a user, Windows 10 is normally set to create the automatic dump file for the most recent event and a minidump for every crash event, providing an historic record of all system crash events for the life of the system.

[“source -cncb”]

Amazon is making it even less complicated to buy stuff on Top with just your voice

Diagram showing Amazon "Alexa" technology on an Echo device

Diagram showing Amazon “Alexa” generation on an Echo device
Source: Amazon
Diagram showing Amazon “Alexa” technology on an Echo device
Amazon is shifting toward a global in which shopping on-line is as simple as uttering a word.

Nowadays, the organization announced that individuals of its Top service can now order “tens of millions” of items with Alexa, Amazon’s voice-controlled assistant. Previously, Top participants who very own one in every of four gadgets with Alexa ought to do that with matters they have purchased in the past or through“Amazon’s Desire,” a carrier in which the organisation selections merchandise.

Jogging out of the residence but simply remembered you’re out of espresso? “Alexa, order Starbucksespresso,” Amazon offers as an instance. Some other: “Alexa, order Charmin bathroom paper.”

Read greater from Recode:
Can Flipboard live on with out a new new element?
Interior Alphabet’s money-spinning, terrorist-foiling, gigabit c084d04ddacadd4b971ae3d98fecfb2a kiosks
Elizabeth Warren’s epic 2015 political rant foreshadowed this year‘s populist anger
The feature will check the energy of Amazon’s artificial intelligence, particularly as competitors, mainlyGoogle, are bringing their personal voice-search merchandise to the house. To peer this selection take off, Amazon will even need to maintain Top membership growing.

Both of those problems are many of the massive threats to Amazon’s sterling boom.


Plex running on Nvidia Shield

This week, Plex begins the gradual procedure of extricating itself from the computing device pc.

Plex’s server software program—which helps you to stream your video, tune, and picture libraries to otherdevices across the house—has constantly required both an constantly-on laptop or a NAS (communityattached storage) device. however as laptop sales decline, and NAS bins emerge as much less necessary inside the age of reasonably-priced cloud storage, Plex has been searching outapproaches to make its provider greater mainstream.

With the Nvidia guard Android tv, Plex has its wi-first try at a solution: The $two hundred streaming video and gaming container now functions as a Plex server, so that you can load it up with wi-fi, televisionsuggests, tune, and images, and then beam the ones wiwireless to other devices (phones, drugs,other TVs) across your neighborhood c084d04ddacadd4b971ae3d98fecfb2a community.

The shieldprimarily based server may be very a good deal a model 1.0 product, so existing Plexcustomers shouldn’t rush to undo their computer setups. nonetheless, it’s a large wi-first step for Plex, andit may pave the manner for some exciting new makes use of for wire-cutters.

arms-on with Plex server for Nvidia protect
compared to putting in place Plex on a laptop, the defend server targets for simplicity. by default, Plex searches for content from the guard’s default media folders; if you need to feature or exchange folders, you must do so through the plex.television website on another device. same goes for adjusting granular settings consisting of transcode wiwireless.

alas, the setup procedure doesn’t move a long way wi-ficientwireless in helping you add media wi-fidocuments to guard within the wi-first place. Neither the Plex app nor the protect itself have awiwireless manager for loading media onto the device, and 0.33birthday celebration managers which includes ES wireless Explorer aren’t properly optimized to be used with the guard controller. as it stands,the perfect way to add wi-fidocuments to Plex is to hook up a USB hard drive and then upload it as a media supply through the website.

there is another way to add wi-fileswireless to Plex on protect, but it involves the usage oflook forward to it—a laptop. via an difficult to understand option in the defend’s Settings menu (shieldSettings > device > garage and Reset), you may mount your laptop as a networked force, which then lets you drag-and-drop wiwireless out of your pc over your neighborhood community. (if you have a hardpressure related for your router, you can additionally mount it right here so the defend can get admission to the power.)

certain, it’s ironic which you’ll likely want a pc to control Plex’s new put uppc media server, howeverhold in thoughts the point isn’t to cut out computer systems totally. It’s more approximately reducingthe barriers to setting up a server.

we have such a lot of human beings that need to apply it—friends of people who are already the use of Plex, who’re like, ‘Wow, Plex is brilliant,’—however then they go to get it installation, and it’s a bit morework than maybe they’re technically inclined to address,” said Plex’s director of product Jason Williams.

To that end, consistent with Williams, Plex is looking at methods to streamline the setup. destiny updatesmay include an instantaneous link to the guard settings for mounting network drives, and Plex is thinking about permitting drag-and-drop of wi-fileswireless through the web interface on a laptop.

once the server is installation on protect, it quite a lot works as anticipated. i used to be capable ofmovement two wiwireless concurrently on separate gadgets at the same time as also gambling arecreation on the shield itself with none considerable performance hiccups. if you’re no longer usingthe protect on its personal, the field even stays in a semi-sleep kingdom, so as now not to wake up yourtelevision even as streaming from Plex.

Nvidia protect Android tv
Jared Newman
What’s subsequent for Plex
possibly the bigger underlying wi-fi with a publishpc Plex is that many of its primary use cases arenonetheless pc-centric. You need a pc or computer to rip DVDs and Blu-ray discs, for instance, and also you’d in all likelihood need one to down load wi-fidocuments from BitTorrent. if you have a bigphotograph or music library to proportion, possibilities are they’re saved on your pc. meanwhile, many of those use instances are becoming overshadowed by cloud offerings such as Netflix, Spotify, and Google pix. in which does Plex match in in case you’re not obsessive about proudly owning all of yourmedia?

There’s no smooth answer to this catch 22 situation, however i believe Plex has at the least one state of affairs in thoughts.

In may, Google revealed that it’s miles bringing USB tuner guide to Android tv. this would permit users to connect an over-the-air antenna and watch loose broadcast channels along with ABC, CBS, Fox, and NBC. Google has additionally been operating on DVR equipment for app developers.

put the portions collectively, and one might imagine being capable of record loose broadcast channelsat the guard, after which serve those recordings to different devices around the house via Plex. this willbe the all-in-one answer for over-the-air DVR that the market presently lacks.

I asked Williams whether Plex is operating on anything to that quit, and he stated it became an “region ofinterest,” but wouldn’t tricky, mentioning plans that hadn’t been wi-finalized.

“How approximately I say there are a few matters developing that are going to be really, clearly cool,” Williams stated. “I suppose a number of the matters humans are doing with over-the-air content, and livetv, and extra drivers for Android television, are going to lend to a few interesting matters for us this yr.”

As for extending the Plex media server to more devices past the laptop, Williams stated there’sclearly averbal exchange around game consoles,” and he pointed to the notion of transportable Plex servers,such as the only lately introduced by means of Western digital. inside the future, he sees extra set-pinnacle bins and probable even TVs as locations for Plex servers. With cutting-edge chipsets, it’s gettingplenty less complicatedwireless for low-power gadgets to carry out the hardware transcoding that Plexdesires to movement media to smartphones and tablets.

“We’re honestly going to maintain looking at usually-on gadgets beyond the computer piece, due to the fact as you already know, the laptop pc marketplace is declining, and people are changing them withtablets and laptops,” Williams says. “And so we want to ensure we’re taking wi-fi of a lot of these usually-on [Internet of Things] devices which might be showing up in homes.”

More advertisers plan to spend less on Twitter: Mahaney

As if Twitter needed another problem, a recent survey suggests advertisers are souring on the social media platform.

Advertiser interest in Twitter began cresting early last year, but the latest survey by RBC Capital Markets found a significant jump in the number of advertisers who plan to decrease their spending on the website.

According to the survey, 23 percent of Twitter advertisers plan to decrease spending, while 32 percent plan to increase spending.

“There’s a real negative tell in here,” RBC lead Internet analyst Mark Mahaney told CNBC’s “Squawk Alley” on Wednesday. “Just like there are momentum stock buyers, guess what? There are momentum ad buyers, and the momentum is moving away from Twitter.”

In the fourth quarter, Twitter’s advertising revenue rose 48 percent year over year to $641 million, below Wall Street’s expectation of $647.7 million, according to StreetAccount.

Twitter has faced scrutiny from investors as its user numbers stagnate, leaving Wall Street to wonder where future revenue growth will come from. Shares of Twitter are down more than 23 percent year to date.

Twitter monthly average users (MAUs)In millions, not including SMS-only usersQ1 2013Q2 2013Q3 2013Q4 2013Q1 2014Q2 2014Q3 2014Q4 2014Q1 2015Q2 2015Q3 2015Q4 20150100200300400Twitter

The survey, conducted twice a year, asks about 2,000 advertisers to rank companies by return on investment, or the ability to directly track ad dollars spent on a platform to a purchase of some sort.

The top performers by a wide margin are Google parent Alphabet andFacebook, Mahaney said.

The improvement in return on investment for No. 2-ranked Facebook in the latest survey was nonetheless surprising, Mahaney said. As Facebook’s ad prices increase, RBC has been on the watch for a correction in ROI, but 59 percent of the survey respondents report their ROI on Facebook is growing, he said.

The single largest loser in the migration to the Web is print media, and an increasing percentage of ad spending is being diverted from television budgets.

About 40 percent of advertisers pointed to money previously allocated to television as a source of funds for Internet advertising, up from 37 percent a year ago and 25 percent a year and a half ago, Mahaney said.

Among the types of companies that focus on Internet advertising are transactions, commerce and travel companies, Mahaney added. Brand advertisers have yet to fully migrate to the Web, he said, but Facebook’s introduction autoplay ads is drawing them to online platforms.

Disclosures: The analyst and his family own shares of Alphabet. RBC owns a greater than 1 percent share of the stock and provides investment banking services to Alphabet. RBC makes a market in the securities of Alphabet, Facebook and Twitter.