How to keep skin looking young? We asked the experts

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The beauty market is awash with anti-aging products, and the lists of ingredients in serums and creams that promise to slow down or reverse that process can be confounding.

Take a look at the fine print and you might encounter Vitamin C or green tea extract or alpha-hydroxy acids. Can anything make a difference?

We checked in with a handful of experts, including Dr. Gregory Henderson, a dermatologist and clinical instructor in dermatology at UCLA, in our search for answers.

By the way, cosmetics companies test their products extensively. The Food and Drug Administration does not test products, but can take action against a manufacturer if it has concerns over product safety.


Activated charcoal, which can absorb some toxins, has been used to treat alcohol and drug poisoning in emergency rooms for decades. But in the last few years, the beauty industry has embraced it, touting its ability to absorb dirt and oil. Can it be effective?

“When used as part of a mask or strip,” Henderson says, “the charcoal may help remove sebum and keratinous debris from skin pores.”

Clay and mud

Mud is sometimes used in masks that are used to hydrate the skin and is acknowledged by many in the medical community for its potential to help with skin issues. “Mud therapy,” says Henderson, “is an ancient tradition and historically has been used for inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.”

Clay is one of the most common ingredients found in beauty products, and experts tend to agree that it can serve a useful purpose, if used according to directions. Clay masks, designed to remove oil, dirt and dead skin cells, can be used as a delivery mechanism for ingredients — oils and emollients, for example — to ease dry skin.

Sodium hyaluronate

Sodium hyaluronate, which is used in all sorts of wrinkle and skin-repair products, is a “cousin of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring substance in the skin which helps hang on to water and helps give the skin a younger appearance,” says UCLA dermatologist Dr. Hayley Goldbach.

“Dermatologists often inject hyaluronic acid fillers into skin, resulting in more volume and a reduction in fine lines.” Sodium hyaluronate, designed to be applied to the skin, “has not been shown to have the same anti-aging or collagen-boosting properties as injectable hyaluronic acid.” But it continues to be included in various medical studies and papers that are focused on the efficacy of various anti-aging products.

Alpha hydroxy acids

According to Medscape, an online reference source used by medical professionals, AHAs (including glycolic and citric acids) “improve skin texture and reduce the signs of aging by promoting cell shedding” in the outer layers of the skin. But “the mechanism of the action is not completely understood.”


Caffeine is used in cosmetics and cosmeceuticals to counter a number of skin conditions, including the appearance of cellulite. It works, in theory, “by stimulating lipolysis — the breaking down of fat — in the skin and by improving the microcirculation,” Henderson says.

Caffeine is also found in some eye creams, promoted by cosmetic lines for its ability to shrink blood vessels under the eyes, although “its role has not been well studied.”

Green tea extract

In the last few years, there’s been a surge in the use of green tea extract in beauty products. WebMD reports that “the ingredients in tea can reduce sun damage and may protect you from skin cancer when you put it on your skin.” Henderson says that “a study combining green tree extract, caffeine and resveratrol showed reduced facial redness.”

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is one of the most popular ingredients in anti-aging products, promoted as something that can protect cells from free radicals, which can damage cell DNA, increase signs of aging and lead to cancer.

Some experts say the antioxidants found in vitamin C can assist the body’s production of collagen. But Henderson cautions: “While limited studies have shown that topical vitamin C may limit photoaging, many current preparations … are not formulated to allow the vitamin C to effectively penetrate the skin. Also unless protected from the air, most preparation became inactive without hours of opening.”


Peptides, formed from amino acids, are “cellular messengers” of sorts and are commonly used in beauty products. According to Henderson, signal peptides may stimulate collagen production. Carrier peptides “may aid in the delivery of copper to the skin and promote smoother skin.” (Copper is said to help develop collagen and elastin.)


Many of us associate algae with unpleasant encounters in the water (seaweed, pond scum, etc.), but algae have been used in traditional diets and folk medicine for centuries.

In the beauty world, you might read about ingredients such as blue marine algae or brown algae extract. You won’t find universal agreement on their effectiveness in cosmeceuticals, but an article in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology suggests brown seaweed “could be used as a potential cosmetic ingredient to make skin firmer and smoother.”

The bottom line?

Some of the ingredients listed in the fine print on cosmetics and cosmeceuticals may actually help your skin. But what the experts really hope you’ll indulge in are rest, exercise, a healthy diet and sunscreen.


SSC CGL TIER 1 result to be announced today on October 7: Keep a track at

SSC CGL TIER 1: Result

The result of Staff Selection Commission (SSC) CGL Combined Graduate Level (Tier I) online exam will be announced today on October 7. All those candidates who had appeared for the same are required to keep a check at the official website, The exam was conducted from August 27 to September 11 for filling up 4874 (tentative) posts in various departments and ministries of the central government.

The answer key for the same was released on September 21, enabling the candidates to tally the paper.

All those who will qualify in the tier 1 exam will then be required to appear for the SSC CGL tier 2 exam which is tentatively scheduled to be conducted in the month of November. A large number of candidates had applied and appeared for the exam.

It is after clearing all the below mentioned rounds, a candidate is finally recruited.

  • Written examination
  • Data entry skill test/computer proficiency test
  • Document verification

(Read: SBI specialist cadre officers’ recruitment notification released at

Steps to check the result:

  • Log on to the official website,
  • Click on ‘SSC CGL Tier 1 Results’ on the homepage
  • In the provided fields, enter all the required details
  • Click on submit
  • Your result will appear on the screen
  • Download the same and take a printout for further reference
  • source”cnbc”

Big bank investors need to keep an eye on this metric, analyst says

A magnifying glass is held over a 50 subject one dollar note sheet after being printed by an intaglio printing press

With second-quarter earnings season on the horizon for major U.S. banks, investors should keep an eye on fixed income trading operations, Jeff Harte, a Sandler O’Neill analyst, said Monday.

“The credit markets have been a lot more favorable and that is really what hurt first quarter. I mean, we are probably a little ahead of consensus for the quarter, but if there is any potential there I think there is potential for upside surprises,” Harte told CNBC’s “Squawk on the Street.”

Analysts who track U.S. banks say the Fed’s likely rate hike delay will come back to bite Wall Street. The flattened yield curve means banks that do mortgage and consumer lending will see lower returns for longer than expected.

Harte’s firm also cut its 2017 earnings estimates for Bank of Americaand Citigroup by 1 to 2 percent.

“Bank of America was really accounting based … And for Citigroup it was more consistent with management’s kind of current-quarter guidance on consumer revenue,” he said.

The S&P 500 touched a record intraday high Monday. Both S&P Bank and S&P Regional Banking shares rose more than 1 percent Monday.

“Second quarter got a lot better and I think the outlook is still pretty good for investment banking, especially relative to how the stocks have traded,” Harte said.

Still, market watchers have come down too harshly on big banks, Harte said.

“The pessimism on the revenue off of universal banks, specifically for 2016, is a little overdone,” he said.

Older Chromebooks may not get the Play keep, despite the fact that they’re able to run Android apps

Chromebooks recently beat out Macs in terms of shipments, in step with one analyst company. Now itseems Google has a plan to turn that feat into an ongoing income streak: Android apps. lots and masses of Android apps.

because the employer announced all through Google I/O 2016, Google plans to carry the complete Playsave—Google’s repository for Android apps—to Chrome OS. not each app will work perfectly, of path,because the Chromebook will want to have any hardware the app calls for to feature. however for themaximum element popular Android apps need to run just best.

however here’s the seize: the imminent Android apps capability will simplest paintings with futureChromebooks and select present Chromebooks that rolled out within the closing years, as Ars Technica first observed. Google currently published a compatibility listing for Chromebooks so as to run Android apps, and the roster is positive to frustrate folks who jumped on the Chromebook bandwagon early.

were given a 2013 Chromebook Pixel with an Intel middle processor and 8GB of RAM? No Android apps for you. How about a 2015 Dell Chromebook 11 3120 with an Intel Celeron processor and 2GB of RAM? Use all of the Android apps you want.

That indicates there are not any technical boundaries preventing at the least some older Chromebooks from jogging Android apps. Google instructed Ars the decision to reduce out gadgets older than twoyears turned into intentional. In other phrases, don’t anticipate to look a ton of other devices delivered to the list through the years. If that’s the case, then the obstacle may be a ploy by means of Google and itscompanions to promote more Chromebooks.

Now to be truthful, Google simplest guarantees to support Chromebooks for 5 years from their releasedate. Early Chromebooks from 2010 and 2011, therefore, may also honestly be unsupported because ofGoogle’s give up-of-existence policy. but that doesn’t give an explanation for the seemingly arbitrarydecision to cut out Chromebooks from 2013 and early 2014.