Sex of the baby may play important role in would-be mother’s immunity

Sex of the baby may play important role in would-be mother's immunitySex of the baby may play important role in would-be mother’s immunity
A study reveals would-be mothers, carrying female fetuses may exhibit a heightened inflammatory response that can contribute to sickness-related symptoms, such as achiness and fatigue.

According to researchers, women, over the years, have claimed that body of a mother, carrying male and female baby, react differently.

The study, published in journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity, shows the sex of a baby is associated with pregnant women’s immune responses.

Inflammation is a critical part of the immune response involved in wound healing and responses to viruses, bacteria and chronic illnesses and excessive inflammation is stressful to the body and can contribute to sickness-related symptoms, such as achiness and fatigue.

Researchers from the Ohio State University’s wexner medical center in the US followed 80 pregnant women across the course of their pregnancy and examined whether women exhibited different levels of immune markers called cytokines based on fetal sex.

The analyses were conducted on levels of cytokines in the blood and levels produced by a sample of immune cells that were exposed to bacteria in the lab.

“While women didn’t exhibit differences in blood cytokine levels based on fetal sex, we did find that the immune cells of women carrying female fetuses produced more pro-inflammatory cytokines when exposed to bacteria,” said principal investigator of the study Amanda Mitchell.

“This means that women carrying female fetuses exhibited a heightened inflammatory response when their immune system was challenged, compared to women carrying male fetuses,” Mitchell explained.

Adding, “This research helps women and their obstetricians recognise that fetal sex is one factor that may impact how a woman’s body responds to everyday immune challenges and can lead to further research into how differences in immune function may affect how a women responds to different viruses, infections or chronic health conditions (such as asthma).”


DU PGMET-H to be held next month: Check important dates now

DU PGMET-H to be held next month: Check important dates now

University of Delhi (DU), Delhi has released the examination dates for Post-Graduate Degree Courses in Homoeopathic Medicine (PGMET-H 2016) on the official website, the link for which

As per schedule, the examination would be conducted on Sunday, November 13, 2016.

DU PGMET-H is conducted for taking admission to Doctor of Medicine (MD) programme in Homoeopathy offered at Faculty of Homoeopathic Medicines for the session 2016-19.

Eligibility criteria:

Educational qualifications:

All the candidates interested in applying for this course should possess a Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) degree from a recognised institute/university or from any other university established by law and recognised by Central Council of Homoeopathic included in the Second Schedule to the Act.

Also, candidates should have one year compulsory internship and should have obtained permanent registration from the Board of Homoeopathic System of Medicine.

For more details, all the candidates can check the official notification at

Selection process:

Candidates will be selected strictly on the basis of entrance examination.

Paper pattern:

  • The total duration of the test will be two hours
  • The entrance test will cover all the subjects covered during BHMS degree course
  • There would be one paper one paper with three different parts

Paper pattern:

The duration shall be of two hours.

The entrance Test shall cover all the subjects covered during BHMS degree course. It shall consist of one paper having three parts.

Part A: Pre and Para-Clinical subjects i.e. Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Pathology and Microbiology, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.

Part B: Clinical Subjects i.e. General Medicine, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Pediatrics, Dermatology, Venerology & Leprosy, Radio-Diagnosis, Community Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine, Psychiatry, General Surgery, Orthopaedics, Opthamology and Otorhinolaryngology.

Part C: Homoeopathic Material Medicine, Organon & Homoeopathic Philosophy, Repertory.

Application fee:

All the candidates need to pay Rs 1500 while SC/ST/PWD category applicants need to pay Rs 1300 only.

How to apply:

  • Candidates need to apply through offline application mode
  • Log on to the official website to download the application form
  • Fill in all the details in prescribed format
  • Complete application will all relevant documents should reach, Joint Registrar, Faculty of homoeopathic Medicine, 6th floor, VP Chest Institute Building, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007.
  • source”cnbc”

Why STD Testing is Important

With time, the number of people affected by sexually transmitted infections (STI) and sexually transmitted diseases is increasing. It is especially affecting the younger generation. Even though most of these conditions are curable, many people fail to recognize symptoms until it is too late. In this case, understanding what causes such diseases and taking preventive methods is considered ideal.

Both STDs or STIs are triggered by microorganisms that can be transmitted from one person to another during sexual contact. Many of the conditions do not prevail any significant symptoms and can, therefore, be transmitted without the victim’s knowledge. The symptoms may activate at any time.

Unprotected sex can lead to many kinds of sexually transmitted diseases. You are prone to these irrespective of whether you are heterosexual or homosexual.

Some of the most common sexually transmitted diseases are Chlamydia, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Genital Warts, Genital Herpes, Trichomoniasis, Hepatitis, and HIV. These are all different in terms of symptoms and effects. You can conduct a rapid screening service to test for the most common STDs and STIs and find out whether you have been affected by any of the STDs or STIs. Based on the test results, medical treatments will be provided.

With this simple test, you can find out what STDs or STIs you are facing. It can help you effectively reduce the risk of transmission. Finding out at an early stage can help avail treatment as soon as possible. In fact, some diseases that have no symptoms can only be identified via this testing. You can avoid complications and aggravation.

Some people like to take this test to clarify that they are healthy and therefore can start a new relationship without being worried about transmitting diseases to a sexual partner. The test takes only a few minutes and is kept confidential.

As already mentioned the symptoms may vary based on the condition. However, below is a list of common symptoms that a patient may experience:

  • Burning sensation or pain during urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Unusual discharge from vagina or penis
  • Vaginal irritation and itching
  • Pain or swelling of genitals
  • Sores in the genital area
  • Unpleasant odor
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough and sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle or joint pain

If you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms or a combination of them for a prolonged period, it is recommended to get tested for STD immediately.

Testing Options and Procedures

If you want to get tested, the best option is to browse online and look for a reliable STD and STI testing site. The websites often cater various home STD tests, individual tests, and packages. You can book an appointment online and then go to one of their nearest outlets for the test.

For men, it usually comprises of a simple blood test and urine analysis. A vaginal swab is required for women who want to get tested. The samples are taken to the laboratory and then tests are conducted to check whether the organisms which cause STDs are present or not. If it is present in the sample, the results will be positive.

While this is the general technique, testing for different diseases may be done differently. The test for sexually transmitted diseases is usually safe and painless.

Regular testing can prevent complications and prevent the spread of disease. If you think you may be a carrier of the disease, it is important to get tested. It will not only help you get proper treatment but also avoid situations where you unknowingly transmit the disease.

NEET Phase (II) 2016: Important points to remember

NEET Phase (II) 2016

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will be conducting the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) Phase 2 for admissions to under graduate medical courses across the country.

The examination is for 720 marks and has 180 objective type multiple choice questions to be attempted within three hours. It is based on three subjects – Biology (90 questions), Physics and Chemistry (45 questions each). A correct answer fetches four marks, while a wrong answer has one mark deducted. (READ: CBSE NEET Phase 2 2016: These important topics will help you score well)

The candidates who are appearing for NEET Phase 2 can check the following points for the preparation:


  • As the examination date approaches, students tend to get nervous. Studying in panic mode is ineffective – take appropriate breaks and indulge yourself in your favourite activities to relax your mind. Excess stress leads to poor performance in the final exam. Hence, stay calm and give your best shot!


  •  It is very important to attempt mock test papers and previous years’ question papers (several options available online as well) to get a clear idea about the pattern of the exam. This will help in time-management at the final examination and will highlight your strengths and weaknesses


  • Finally, when exams are just a step away, it is essential to study the smart way. Go through important points rather than reading entire books. It is advisable to jot down the most important points when you are revising — this will enable easy recall at the examination
  • Keep a separate notebook for important points
  • Keep all important points, key words, formulae in Physics and Chemistry and scientific names in Biology enlisted in a separate notebook for last minute revision to avoid confusion and to save time


  • Self-confidence is essential to remain motivated and to achieve success. But overconfidence too is dangerous — be aware of your due strengths and do capitalise on them


  • There is negative marking for wrong answers. Avoid random guessing; however, an occasional intelligent guess after eliminating one or two options is worth the risk


  • Reach the centre well before the beginning of the exam
  • Once the question paper is distributed, quickly go through the whole paper once to get an idea of the questions asked
  • Remember to carry your admit card
  • Persist in putting a determined effort at the examination; every mark scored puts you ahead of the competition.

With inputs from Mr. Mohit Goel, CEO, Gateforum

India Today Education team wishes students good luck for the examination.

READ: NEET 2016: Important information at a glance


that is the important thing to social media for the C-suite, in keeping with Hootsuite

At a Hootsuite event.

Hootsuite CEO Ryan Holmes said Friday he spends a full hours on social media each day, but the averagegovt can afford to recognition on the social channels maximum applicable to their clients.

“You don’t need to do they all. you have to determine out where your customers are and where they’respending their time. and you want to get related together with your clients,” he instructed CNBC’s “Squawkbox.”

Hootsuite develops organisation equipment that curate social media feeds to lead them to less complicatedto navigate. It counts approximately 850 Fortune 1,000 customers as customers, Holmes stated.

Aaron Martinez (left) and David Rhodes take selfies with their telephones.
Social media pays off greater than university for these men
asked whether or not the usage of social media can produce a tangible return on investment, Holmes likened the conversations taking place round social tools in company america to people who in all likelihoodcame about round e-mail and websites inside the early ’90s.

He stated executives still locate themselves in an age of exploration, and he mentioned the enjoy can bechallenging for individuals who want to live on message but do not want to stumble upon as scripted.

moving into social media is an experimentation for numerous humans. You want to play with it,” he said.