Image result for EXERCISE CAN BE PUNISHING – BUT HERE’S HOW TO STOP THINKING OF IT AS A PUNISHMENTThe fitness industry is said to be worth £4.4bn in the UK alone. But, despite medical research telling us that exercise will help us live longer, the majority of people do not engage with health and fitness. Could it be that exercise is still considered a punishment – as it was in Victorian prisons?

Or do we just need to increase the fun and social aspect to exercise to get more of us working up a sweat?

Medical research suggests exercise is good for our health and will help us all live longer. But a report by the British Heart Foundation says that 20 million people living in the UK are physically inactive.

To be considered active, the Department of Health recommends adults should accumulate at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity per week. So it begs the question: why do close to a third of the country’s population struggle to meet this recommended amount of exercise, when doing so could prolong their life?

A reason why inactive people may not engage in enough exercise is because it is not perceived to be a fulfilling or satisfying leisure pursuit. Other competing pastimes of a more sedentary nature, such as watching TV, reading and gaming, are seen by some as being more enjoyable.

Exercise as punishment

The treadmill was devised as a form of punishment for convicted criminals in the Victorian era. At this time, prisoners had to undertake long hours of hard labour by walking on treadmills to grind flour. This form of punishment was abolished in the late 19th century for being too cruel.

Exercise also has a long history of being used as a form of correctional behaviour in schools. Indeed in 2014 the then-Education Secretary, Nicky Morgan, proposed to ban exercise being used in schools as a form of punishment for fear that it would put children off being active.

Given that exercise has a lengthy historical association with the use of discipline for the purpose of punishment and obedience, can 21st century society ever be truly accepting of exercise as a leisure pursuit that can have personal fulfilment?

At present, the high volume of inactivity levels in the UK suggests a large amount of people are not motivated to take exercise. Getting people to be more active, therefore, would require a shift in people exercising because they want to rather than having to.

Making it social

My research explores the role of social psychology for the development of interventions that make physical activity a fulfilling pursuit for long-term condition sufferers. This is because social psychological science has consistently demonstrated that people are motivated to seek social connections in order to fulfil their psychological needs as human beings. For example, “the belongingness hypothesis” states that people have a basic need to feel closely connected to others.

So it is important people have positive social exercise experiences that enrich their quality of life and, in doing so, make the pursuit of exercise a more satisfying and worthwhile activity. This can be achieved by creating exercise environments that provide individuals with a shared sense of social connectedness, creating opportunities for people to form friendships, meaningful attachments and mutually supportive relationships.

For example, the EuroFit programme takes a unique approach for improving men’s health and fitness by allowing fans to train in the environment of a professional football club they support. City Ride events are another example, where families and friends of all ages and abilities can enjoy cycling together through the streets of a vibrant traffic-free environment. Similarly, walking sports offer a social atmosphere of fun, laughter and camaraderie for those who may have difficulty participating in high impact activities.

Connecting people in dynamic and socially rewarding exercise environments has the potential to offset the drudgery often associated with exercise and make it a leisure pursuit worth doing.


Your eyes will fry under normal sunglasses during 2017 eclipse, here’s why

A solar eclipse seen from space.

The nation is preparing for the Aug. 21 “Great American” total solar eclipse, which is the first in 99 years to cross coast-to-coast.

That means buying special eclipse glasses because normal sun glasses – even those with the darkest lenses – aren’t enough to protect eyes from damaging rays.

It’s not that the sun is any stronger during an eclipse, but where you would squint, blink and turn away from the full sun, it can be more comfortable to look at the sun as the moon moves over the bright disk.

That doesn’t mean it’s safe. You can damage your eyes without immediately realizing it if you don’t wear eclipse glasses or look through a special eclipse viewer.

Related: Best places to see the 2017 solar eclipse.

Credit: NASA

Rick Fienberg, the press officer for the American Astronomical Society, said ordinary sun glasses transmit 10 to 20 percent of the light that falls on them.

This makes the landscape on a bright sunny day easier to look at without squinting, and cuts down on glare.

Eclipse glasses allow just 0.0001 percent of the light that falls on them through.

Check The Palm Beach Post radar map.

“That’s at least 100,000 times darker than ordinary sunglasses,” Fienberg said. “Nothing can get through such glasses except the sun itself – just enough to be comfortable for viewing.”

The only time it’s safe to look at the eclipse is if you are in the path of totality and the fleeting moments when the sun is completely covered by the moon.

Related: Check your eclipse forecast.

About 12 million people live in the path of totality for the Aug. 21 eclipse. Millions more will travel to get into the path.

“The sun can be viewed safely with the naked eye only during the few brief seconds or minutes of a total solar eclipse,” NASA says on its eclipse website. “Do not attempt to observe the partial or annular phases of any eclipse with the naked eye.”

It is only safe to view a solar eclipse with the naked eye when you are in the path of totality and the moon completely covers the sun. Credits: © 2005 Miloslav Druckmüller (used by NASA with permission)

Proper eclipse glasses are marked with ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and 12312-2.

Some older solar-viewing glasses may meet previous standards for eye protection, but not the new international standard, Fienberg said.

NASA recommends glasses from Rainbow Symphony, American Paper Optics, Thousand Oaks Optical and TSE 17.

Download the Palm Beach Post WeatherPlus app here.

Ralph Chou, professor emeritus at the School of Optometry & Vision Science at the University of Waterloo in Canada, told Space.com that he has seen patients with crescents burned into the back of their eyes after watching an eclipse without protection.

“Lifetime exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation is an established contributor to accelerated aging of the outer layers of the eye and skin and the development of cataracts,” Chou wrote in a Sky and Telescope article. “But more immediate damage takes place from directly observing the Sun with inadequate eye protection.”


Winter is coming! Here’s how to cope with it

Winter is coming! Here’s how to cope with it
It is that time of the year when a lot of people are suffering from a runny nose, fever, dry skin and itchy scalp. This is because of the sudden change in the weather. Here are a few tips to combat the weather blues…
l Drink lots of water so your body is hydrated. Make sure you also have warm water regularly.
l Switch to a healthier diet and include a lot of fruits and vegetables in the diet.

Cambridge curriculum in Maharashtra: Here’s a look at the selection criteria

Representational image

Maharashtra government and schools have been making concerted efforts to raise the quality of education in the state. From modifying the no-detention act to reducing the burden of school bags in the state, the authorities are trying to bring an innovative approach in education.

After continuous efforts of bringing parity in education, the state wants to uplift the standard of education in the global arena by partnering with the University of Cambridge. Therefore, the state school education department has invited application from the schools to participate in the programme.

The approach has profoundly influenced the schools across the state and indeed, they all want to reap the rewards. However, to maintain the competition, the state is running a pilot study on the same and will be short listing only about 100 schools on the basis of online survey by December 9.

Name of the programme: Secondary School Certificate International (SSC-I)

Here’s a look at the list of criteria:

  • This programme will be conceptualised on the lines of the CBSE-I, mentioned an HT report
  • Schools need to garner support of School Management Committees (SMCs), which includes parents and teacher as members, to get an affirmation for the adoption of international curriculum
  • Schools need to have a strength of 300 students from classes 1 to 5, and a minimum of 210 students in classes 6 to 8. In total, there should be at least 500 students in the school coming regularly
  • If schools do not qualify this norm, they can invite children within one kilometre radius of their neighbourhood with a prior permission from the local authorities
  • In order to fit in the bills for the same, schools have to assure that they take innovative steps to broaden the knowledge of the students. They have to corroborate these facts with evidence showing that they have taken innovative approaches in last three years.

Here’s what teachers and principals have to say:

Schools are ready to embrace the upcoming revolution in the system. “It’s a good decision as international standards will help us in developing 21st century skills among the students,” said Uday Nare, teacher from Hansraj Morarji Public School, Andheri.

“Such initiatives are part of the Maharashtra government’s objective to become one of the 20 best states in the world regarding school education, ” said Nand Kumar, principal secretary of the department.

Kumar further added: “Maharashtra will participate in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in the coming years and our students shouldn’t score below 60 per cent in these assessments.”

States like Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have already part


Malala Yousafzai was shot today: Here’s all you need to know about the women’s education activist

Malala Yousafzai was shot today: Heres all you need to know about the womens education activist

Four years ago, on this day Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by the Taliban. The youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner has since then come a long way in advocating Human Rights, specially education for women.

Here are few things about Malala that you should know:

1. Born in 1997 in Pakistan, Malala became an activist for women’s education rights as a child. She delivered a speech titled “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?” in Peshawar in 2008, at the young age of 11.

2. In 2009, she started blogging for BBC about how it is to live in the presence of Taliban and their threats. She did not reveal her identity and wrote under the name, Gul Makai. However, her identity was made public by the year end.

3. In 2011, Malala was nominated for the International Children’s Peace Prize and won the Pakistan National Youth Peace Prize.

4. Reacting to Malala’s success the Taliban issued a warrant of death threat against her. And on October 9, 2012 a Taliban gunman shot her in the head while she was going back to home from school.

5. After recovering from the life-threatening incident, Malala presented a speech at the United Nations in 2013.

6. She has also penned an autobiography, , ‘I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban’.

7  In another addition to her achievements, Malala won the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought by the European parliament in October 2013.


This labourer’s son from Kota cracked IIT Delhi: Here’s how!

Meet Kota boy, son of a labourer who cracks admission to IIT Delhi

It’s not necessary that only students who take coaching from top-notch institutes or from metropolitan cities gets admission to Indian Institute of Technologies (IITs),  Indian Institute of Management (IIMs), other premier institutes.

Here’s the story of a laborer’s son from Kota, who is the first one from his village to get admission to India’s premier institute, IIT Delhi.

More about Abhishake Meen:

  • Meet, Abhishake, an 18-year-old who native of Chatrapura village in Etawa area of Kota district
  • Being the son of a NREGA labourer, Ramdayal, Abhishake has seen all the pains his father took to fulfill his dream
  • As per reports, this boy was completely unaware about the IITs till class 10
  • It was only when he got 72 per cent in his class 10 board examination that the concerned  schoolteachers suggested his father to send him to Kota for coaching and to prepare for IIT
  • All the years, he did his schooling from a Hindi-medium school in the village itself
  • In the IIT-JEE exam this year, he attained 257th rank (reserved category)
  • While speaking about this achievement, Abhishake said, “I took coaching for only IIT and did self studies for class 12 exams and obtained 83 per cent. However, my friends and coaching faculty helped me by providing notes for the higher secondary studies.”
  • Moreover, he added that in his first attempt for IIT, he did clear the exam but was not allotted any college. “That did not discourage me and I decided to try again,” he said
  • And now, he will be pursuing Industrial Production at IIT

His father, Ramdayal, had to borrow money for his coaching expenses from a local lender at an interest of 2 per cent as NREGA wages and income from their agriculture land were not enough to cover the fees.

Moreover, his father, Ramdayal said, “I am overwhelmed with joy. I am very happy as my son has succeeded in the exam and has become the first IITan of the village.”

What after IIT?

After completing his engineering degree, Abhishake hopes to purse innovative research that will benefit the lives in the villages of India.

“There is huge talent in the villages and I would work to bring out the same with innovative engineering education,” he added.


Here’s what you should know, and do, about the Yahoo breach


Yahoo’s announcement that state-sponsored hackers have stolen the details of at least 500 million accounts shocks both through scale—it’s the largest data breach ever—and the potential security implications for users.

That’s because Yahoo, unlike MySpace, LinkedIn and other online services that suffered large breaches in recent years, is an email provider; and email accounts are central to users’ online lives. Not only are email addresses used for private communications, but they serve as recovery points and log-in credentials for accounts on many other websites.

An email compromise is one of the worst data breaches that a person could experience online, so here’s what you should know:

Fifty shades of hashing

Yahoo said that the “vast majority” of the stolen account passwords were hashed with bcrypt. Hashing is a one-way cryptographic operation that transforms data into a set of random-looking characters that serves as its unique representation—this is called a hash.

Hashes are not supposed to be reversible, so they’re a good way to store passwords. You take input, such as a password, pass it through a hashing algorithm and compare it to a previously stored hash.

This provides a way to verify passwords at log-in time without actually storing them in plain text in the database. But not all hashing algorithms offer equal protection against password cracking attacks that attempt to guess which plaintext password generated a specific hash.

Unlike the ageing MD5, which is quite easy to crack if implemented without additional security measures, bcrypt is considered a much stronger algorithm. This means that in theory, the likelihood of hackers cracking “the vast majority” of Yahoo passwords is very low.

But here’s the problem: Yahoo’s wording suggests that most, but not all passwords were hashed with bcrypt. We don’t know how many passwords were hashed with another algorithm, or which one it was. The fact that this hasn’t been specified in Yahoo’s announcement or FAQ page suggests that it’s an algorithm that’s weaker than bcrypt and that the company didn’t want to give away that information to attackers.

In conclusion, there’s no way to tell if your account was among those whose passwords were hashed with bcrypt or not, so the safest option at this point is to consider your email compromised and to do as much as damage control as possible.

Don’t keep emails just because you can

Once hackers break into an email account they can easily discover what other online accounts are tied to that address by searching for sign-up emails. These are the welcome messages that most websites send when users open a new account, and which users rarely delete. These days most email providers offer enough storage space that users won’t ever have to worry about deleting messages.

Aside from exposing the links between an email address and accounts on various websites, those sign-up emails can also expose the specific account names chosen by the user, if different from their email address.

If you’re among the people who don’t delete welcome emails and other automatic notifications sent by websites, such as password resets, then you might want to consider doing so and even go back to clean your mailbox of such communications.

Sure, there might be other ways for hackers to find out if you have an account on a certain website, or even a number of websites, but why make it easier for them to compile a full list?

Be careful when asked for your personal details

Among the account information that hackers stole from Yahoo were real names, telephone numbers, dates of birth and, in some cases, unencrypted security questions and answers. Some of those details are sensitive and are also used for verification by banks and possibly government agencies.

There are very few cases when a website should have your real date of birth, so be judicious about providing it.

Also, don’t provide real answers to security questions, if you can avoid it. Make something up that you can remember and use that as answer. In fact, Yahoo doesn’t even recommend using security questions anymore, so you can go into your account’s security settings and delete them.

Check your email forwarding rules regularly

Email forwarding is one of those “set it and forget it” features. The option is buried somewhere in the email account settings that you never check and if it’s turned on there’s little to no indication that it’s active.

Hackers know this. They only need to gain access to your email account once, set up a rule to receive copies of all your emails and never log back in again. This also prevents the service from sending you notifications about repeated suspicious log-ins from unrecognized devices and IP addresses.

Two-factor authentication everywhere

Turn on two-factor authentication—this is sometimes called two-step verification—for any account that supports it. This will prompt the online service to ask for a one-time-use code sent via text message or generated by a smartphone app, in addition to the regular password, when you try to access the account from a new device.

It’s an important security feature that could keep your account secure even if hackers steal your password. And Yahoo offers it, so take advantage of it.

Don’t reuse passwords; just don’t

There are many secure password management solutions available today that work across different platforms. There’s really no excuse for not having unique, complex passwords for every single account that you own. If you do want memorable passwords for a few critical accounts use passphrases instead: sentences made up of words, numbers and even punctuation marks.

Here comes phishing

Large data breaches are typically followed by email phishing attempts, as cybercriminals try to take advantage of the public interest in such incident.

These emails can masquerade as security notifications, can contain instructions to download malicious programs that are passed as security tools, can direct users to websites that ask them for additional information under the guise of “verifying” their accounts and so on.

Be on the lookout for such emails and make sure that any instructions that you decide to follow in response to a security incident came from the affected service provider or a trusted source.


Here’s what’s behind gold’s crazy post-jobs volatility

Gold had a hard time making up its mind about Friday’s jobs report.

In the 20 minutes before the number came out, gold futures first rose about $10, before promptly giving up those gains. At the second before the number was released at 8:30 a.m. EDT, gold was sitting at $1,356.5 per troy ounce.

On the initial news that the nonfarm payrolls number was more than 100,000 above economists’ expectation, gold did what one would probably expect, given the precious metal’s function as a bet on market fear and on more stimulative Federal Reserve policy: It gapped down on heavy volume, bottoming out at $1,336.3 in the minute after the release.

Yet once that level was hit, gold staged a major turnabout, rising as high as $1,371.8 at 9:15 EDT.

From there it changed its mind yet again, settling into a range between $1,352 and $1,359, with a volume-weighted average price of $1,355.7 between 9:45 and 11:30. In other words, after the metal traded in an almost 3 percent range over the course of an hour, the actual jobs number made no real difference in the price of gold.

For Phillip Streible, senior market strategist at RJO Futures, the gold volatility reflects a major tug of war underway in the market.

“Under normal circumstance we should have seen gold initially fall $20 and then grind lower throughout the rest of the trading session, but these are different times,” Streible wrote to CNBC on Friday. “Regardless of how strong the number is, the Fed will remain handcuffed to not raising rates for the rest of the year.”

In other words, even a positive jobs report does not appear to make the Fed substantially more likely to raise rates. Hikes in rates are the great fear of gold bulls, as they tend to strengthen the dollar and reduce the chances of inflation, both of which are bad news for the precious metal.

Indeed, it bears mentioning that gold’s drop and subsequent rise largely mirror an opposite move in the U.S. dollar index.

Also contributing to the outsized magnitude of gold’s volatility is the incredible 15 percent run the metal has made from its late May lows to its early July highs.

“That kind of move, combined with the blowout job numbers, clearly had an effect on the erratic trading that immediately followed,” wrote Frank Cappelleri, a trader and technical analyst at Instinet.

From this point on, Cappelleri warns that “if today’s strong NFP report is perceived to be real, then gold may underperform a big longer.”

Meanwhile, Streible says that “$1,350 is the bull/bear line” which will determine sentiment in the gold market. And with the precious metal trading just about at that price midday Friday, the next move could be anyone’s guess.

Millennial voters are up for grabs. Here’s how Trump or Clinton can win them over

Students during a presidential race rally.

Millennials are essential to winning the upcoming presidential election. So Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump: If you’re listening, here’s what it’s going to take.

I’m no political expert. But I’m an expert on millennials and millennials hold the keys to the White House. If you have any doubt about how important young voters are, just ask Mitt Romney.

In 2012, young voters were decisively in favor of Barack Obama, giving him a keen advantage over his opponent. This year, millennials came out in droves for Bernie Sanders, proving that if you’re speaking the right language, young voters are willing to get involved in the political system. Millennials aren’t apathetic narcissists who refuse to vote. We’re the largest generation in American history—a necessary demographic to win if you hope to live on Pennsylvania Avenue.

Regardless of demographics, Clinton and Trump are both facing an uphill battle to the White House. If they want to start gaining ground, particularly among America’s youngest voters—and believe me they do—then they better get moving. I’ll offer four recommendations, in case their campaign managers are reading:


Of all the issues facing our nation, immigration is close to the heart of young voters. Millennials are the most diverse generation in America. More than a third of us are bilingual, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau, 44.2 percent are a part of a minority race or ethnic group. It’s no wonder we’re concerned about government deportations—those people are our friends, our neighbors, our family.

In this arena, Clinton is edging out her competition. While Clinton has voiced support for a path to legal citizenship, Trump has focused on the ties between illegal immigrants and crime. Millennials are smart enough to handle some nuance. We understand that immigration is a matter of national security and diversity—and desire a candidate with a similarly nuanced plan for the future. If he wants to win the millennial vote, Trump might consider the valuable contributions immigrants make to our society as well.


It’s hard for millennials to remember a time when America wasn’t at war. Our childhood was marked by 9/11—an event that taught us that any city could turn into a war zone in an instant. That lesson was tragically repeated in Orlando just a few weeks ago. But that experience hasn’t made us hawkish. More than three-quarters of millennials aren’t convinced we should get involved in the Syrian conflict. And only 18 percent of millennials strongly support the use of drones, compared to 40 percent of older voters. A majority of millennials are gun shy—not because we’re pacifists—but because for the last decade, we feel we’ve been kept in the dark.

That’s why both candidates have a long way to go to win our trust as Commander and Chief. We need more information. Details. Not platitudes about diplomacy or making America great again. Clinton has Bengazi to overcome. Trump is a wildcard, which frightens young male and female voters—since both sexes now serve in the armed forces. Rather than minimizing the threats we’re up against or using fear to engender support, millennials want a clear understanding of how each candidate plans to pursue peace. We want to believe that it’s possible again.

Keenan Beasley left a position as VP of marketing at L’Oreal to co-found BLKBOX, a marketing agency based in NYC.

Sophie Bearman | CNBC
Keenan Beasley left a position as VP of marketing at L’Oreal to co-found BLKBOX, a marketing agency based in NYC.


Young voters know that higher education is broken. The average U.S. millennial leaves college with $37,000 in student debt, according to Student Loan Hero. That albatross has led more millennials to move in with their parents than any other generation. It’s no wonder that Bernie Sanders attracted droves of young people to his rallies, where he discussed providing free education. Whether Trump or Clinton want to go that far, they have to get one thing clear—millennials need answers about real plans for reform.

Clinton lists education reform on her website, alongside 31 other issues she names as “key policies” she would fight for as president. Trump’s website doesn’t list education at all. Both candidates could benefit from moving education to the center of their campaign platform, rather than the sidelines.


America’s 80 million millennials are consuming media in entirely new ways. More than half of young voters would rather receive a text than a phone call. Less than a quarter of millennials read a newspaper. Traditional television is rapidly becoming a thing of the past. If Clinton and Trump want to reach millennials, they’re going to have to be a whole lot more creative than candidates of the past. And while both candidates are actively trying to master social media, neither has fully capitalized on the most millennial platform of all—Snapchat. Even Michelle Obama is already on board. While Hillary at least has an active account (@hillaryclinton), Trump has yet to join the fun. And it honestly could be really fun to watch Trump from behind the scenes.

In the same way that television changed the political game in the 1950s, the digital revolution is constantly re-shaping how candidates can communicate with young voters. No matter how candidates view the issues of immigration, foreign policy and education, the only thing that they absolutely have to get right is where they have the conversation. Whether that means streaming the debates Live on Facebook, or hosting the first-ever YouNow town forum with live Q&A’s, something needs to be done to reach voters where they are.

We have a duty to ensure every young voter not only has a chance to make an educated decision, but is also excited about their future and the president who will take them there. Clinton and Trump should take nothing for granted and start tailoring their messages today.

Commentary by Keenan Beasley, co-founder, managing director,BLKBOX, a millennial advertising and marketing agency. The West Point graduate is also an adviser to a number of start-up companies and a regular lecturer at the USC Marshall School of Business. Follow him onInstagram.


$50 in the books, right here’s how to exchange $60 oil

Oil flare

U.S. oil prices traded above the important thing $50 stage Thursday for the first time on the grounds thatOctober. Six weeks ago the commodity was under $forty a barrel. So how are you going to capitalize on the subsequent $10 flow?

WTI crude is up more than eight percentage this month on reviews of falling inventories and decreasedrefinery capability
the use of Kensho, a quantitative tool used by hedge budget, CNBC seasoned determined the pinnacleperforming S&P 500 shares and ETF securities when oil charges rose through at least $10 over a three-month length.