Even modest changes to diet could reduce risk of death, study finds

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With more than one-third of U.S. adults suffering from obesity, it’s no surprise that many Americans would benefit from healthier eating habits. Fad diets capitalize on our desire for quick results but usually fail in the long run.

Now new research adds to the evidence that a more moderate approach can make a lasting difference.

A study from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health finds that improving the quality of diet over time, even with modest changes, may significantly reduce the risk of premature death.

Improvements to diet included consuming more whole grainsvegetables, fruits, nuts, and fish and eating less red and processed meats and sugary beverages.

“Overall, our findings underscore the benefits of healthy eating patterns including the Mediterranean diet and the DASH diet. Our study indicates that even modest improvements in diet quality could meaningfully influence mortality risk and conversely, worsening diet quality may increase the risk,” lead author Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, who worked on the study while a postdoctoral fellow in the Harvard Chan School department of nutrition and who is currently an assistant professor of nutrition at Ohio University, said in a statement.

For the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Sotos-Prieto and her team analyzed data on nearly 74,000 adults over a 12-year period. The researchers assessed the participants’ diet using three different scoring methods: the 2010 Alternate Healthy Eating Index, the Alternate Mediterranean Diet score, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet score. Each model assigns scores to various types of food, with healthier foods receiving higher scores and less healthy foods receiving lower scores.

The results showed that better diet quality over a 12-year period was linked to a reduced risk of death in the subsequent 12 years, no matter which method of scoring was used. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables and fish or n-3 fatty acids appeared to contribute most to an improvement in diet quality.

Specifically, the study showed that a 20-percentile increase in diet-quality scores was associated with an 8 to 17 percent reduction in the risk of death.

That can be achieved, for example, by swapping out just one serving of red or processed meat and replacing it with one daily serving of nuts or legumes.

In contrast, worsening diet quality was linked to a 6 to 12 percent increase in the risk of death.

Nancy Z. Farrell, a registered dietitian nutritionist and spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, said the findings reinforce the work she does every day with her patients.

“Registered dietitian nutritionists practice evidence-based science every day in encouraging and educating the public on disease prevention and treatment, and we know that chronic disease increases the cost of health care and drives up insurance premiums,” she told CBS News.

Farrell says everyone can benefit from making smart diet swaps as often as possible.

“Have a ‘meatless Monday’ dinner where you incorporate beans or legumes, such as red beans and quinoa. Or have a veggie pizza night,” she suggests.

When it comes to snacking, avoid high-calorie junk foods like potato chips and opt for a handful of nuts, or make your own trail mix with nuts, seeds, and dried fruit.

And if you’re looking for a sweet treat, skip the ice cream and try freezing some fruit instead.

“Blueberries or blackberries offer a refreshing summer snack with a burst of coolness,” Farrell said.

Importantly, experts say it’s crucial to not only incorporate such changes into your diet, but to stick with them over time.

“Our results highlight the long-term health benefits of improving diet quality with an emphasis on overall dietary patterns rather than on individual foods or nutrients,” said Frank Hu, professor and chair of the Harvard Chan School department of nutrition and senior author of the study. “A healthy eating pattern can be adopted according to individuals’ food and cultural preferences and health conditions. There is no one-size-fits-all diet.”

[“Source-cbsnews”]

Healthy lifestyle reduces even genetic heart attack risk

Healthy lifestyle reduces even genetic heart attack risk (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)Healthy lifestyle reduces even genetic heart attack risk (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
A recent study has found that even among those at high genetic risk, following a healthy lifestyle can cut in half the probability of a heart attack or similar event.

It is a well known fact that following a healthy lifestyle, not smoking, avoiding excess weight and exercising regularly can keep one away from risk of heart disease.

But what about people who have inherited gene variants known to increase risk?

“The basic message of our study is that DNA is not destiny,” says Sekar Kathiresan.

“Many individuals – both physicians and members of the general public — have looked on genetic risk as unavoidable, but for heart attack that does not appear to be the case.”

In order to investigate whether a healthy lifestyle can mitigate genetic risk, the multi-institutional research team analyzed genetic and clinical data from more than 55,000 participants in four large-scale studies.

Three of these — the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, the Women’s Genome Health Study, and the Malmo Diet and Cancer Study — are prospective studies that have followed participants for up to 20 years. The fourth, the BioImage Study, assessed a variety of risk factors, including the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries when participants joined the study.

Each participant in the current analysis was assigned a genetic risk score, based on whether they carried any of 50 gene variants that previous studies associated with elevated heart attack risk. Based on data gathered when participants entered each study, the investigators used four AHA-defined lifestyle factors — no current smoking; lack of obesity, defined as a body mass index less than 30; physical exercise at least once a week, and a healthy dietary pattern — to determine a lifestyle score, whether participants had a favorable (three or four healthy factors), intermediate (two factors) or unfavorable (one or no healthy factors) lifestyle.

For participants in the prospective studies, the research team investigated how each individual’s genetic risk score and lifestyle factors related to the incidence of heart attack, the need for procedures designed to open blocked coronary arteries, or sudden cardiac death. Among participants in the BioImage study, genetic and lifestyle factors were compared to the extent of atherosclerotic disease in the coronary arteries at baseline.

Across all three prospective studies, a higher genetic risk score significantly increased the incidence of coronary events — as much as 90 percent in those at highest risk. While known risk factors such as a family history and elevated LDL cholesterol were also associated with an elevated genetic risk score, genetic risk was the most powerful contributor to cardiac risk.

Similarly, each healthy lifestyle factor reduced risk, and the unfavorable lifestyle group also had higher levels of hypertension, diabetes and other known risk factors upon entering the studies.

Within each genetic risk category, the presence of lifestyle factors significantly altered the risk of coronary events to such an extent that following a favorable lifestyle could reduce the incidence of coronary events by 50 percent in those with the highest genetic risk scores.

 source”cnbc”

Even Low Physical Fitness Can Help Prevent Heart Diseases

Even Low Physical Fitness Can Help Prevent Heart Diseases

TORONTO: Even low physical fitness, up to 20 per cent below the average for healthy people, is sufficient to prevent risk factors like diabetes, hypertension and obesity that affect people with cardiovascular disease, a new study has claimed.

“This is great news for people with heart disease who have difficulty adhering to a regular – mainly aerobic – exercise programme,” said Daniel Curnier, a professor at the University of Montreal (UdeM) in Canada, who led the study.

“Small improvements in their fitness level are enough.

You don’t have to be a great athlete to benefit from these effects,” said Curnier.

“We know from many studies that good physical fitness reduces cardiovascular mortality, and that physical activity has a positive impact on cardiovascular risk factors following a rehab programme,” said Maxime Caru, a doctoral student in human kinetics at UdeM and lead author of the study.

To measure the impact of physical fitness on heart disease risk factors, the researchers selected 205 men and 44 women with heart disease, including coronary artery disease, stroke, congestive heart failure and heart valve disease, and had them undergo a cycle ergometer (stationary bike) stress test to determine their fitness level.

The results showed that normal physical fitness, even up to 20 per cent below the population average, is sufficient to have a preventive effect on five of the eight risk factors affecting people with cardiovascular disease – abdominal circumference, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and excess weight.
Normal physical fitness means having the physical fitness of a person of the same weight, height, sex and age, and who is disease-free.

The easiest way to achieve this is to follow the recommendations of the World Health Organisation – 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise, researchers said.

Depression is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease because cardiac patients who have experienced a depressive episode have recurring heart problems.

The results of the study have demonstrated the importance of a good fitness level, before and after a heart attack, to produce the preventive effect on depression.

The study sheds new light on the overall role of physical fitness in the development of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with cardiovascular disease.

However, the researchers stress the importance for cardiac patients to consult their doctor before embarking on an exercise programme and to consult a kinesiologist.

The study appears in the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention.

source”cnbc”

Even Low Physical Fitness Can Help Prevent Heart Diseases

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Even Low Physical Fitness Can Help Prevent Heart Diseases

Even low physical fitness, up to 20 per cent below the average for healthy people.

TORONTO:  Even low physical fitness, up to 20 per cent below the average for healthy people, is sufficient to prevent risk factors like diabetes, hypertension and obesity that affect people with cardiovascular disease, a new study has claimed.

“This is great news for people with heart disease who have difficulty adhering to a regular – mainly aerobic – exercise programme,” said Daniel Curnier, a professor at the University of Montreal (UdeM) in Canada, who led the study.

“Small improvements in their fitness level are enough.

You don’t have to be a great athlete to benefit from these effects,” said Curnier.

“We know from many studies that good physical fitness reduces cardiovascular mortality, and that physical activity has a positive impact on cardiovascular risk factors following a rehab programme,” said Maxime Caru, a doctoral student in human kinetics at UdeM and lead author of the study.

To measure the impact of physical fitness on heart disease risk factors, the researchers selected 205 men and 44 women with heart disease, including coronary artery disease, stroke, congestive heart failure and heart valve disease, and had them undergo a cycle ergometer (stationary bike) stress test to determine their fitness level.

The results showed that normal physical fitness, even up to 20 per cent below the population average, is sufficient to have a preventive effect on five of the eight risk factors affecting people with cardiovascular disease – abdominal circumference, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and excess weight.

Normal physical fitness means having the physical fitness of a person of the same weight, height, sex and age, and who is disease-free.

The easiest way to achieve this is to follow the recommendations of the World Health Organisation – 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise, researchers said.

Depression is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease because cardiac patients who have experienced a depressive episode have recurring heart problems.

The results of the study have demonstrated the importance of a good fitness level, before and after a heart attack, to produce the preventive effect on depression.

The study sheds new light on the overall role of physical fitness in the development of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with cardiovascular disease.

However, the researchers stress the importance for cardiac patients to consult their doctor before embarking on an exercise programme and to consult a kinesiologist.

The study appears in the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

source”cnbc”

It’s football season! These second-screen apps make NFL games even more fun to watch

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According to the NFL, 70 percent of fans use a second screen while watching football. It’s easy to understand why: mobile devices—and the apps that run on them—give us easy access to player stats and analysis, provide interactive features to supplement the big-screen experience, and offer a convenient way to communicate with other fans watching the game.

We’ve rounded up six of the best second-screen apps to enhance your football viewing. Take them for a spin when the season kicks off Thursday, September 8, and we’re sure you’ll be reaching for them along with your remote every week until the end of Super Bowl LI.

NFL Mobile

NFL Mobile

Verizon has a lock on showing NFL games on mobile phones.

A year ago, the NFL seemed as determined to conquer the second screen as effectively as it has the TV screen, offering a dizzying array of official apps. It has pared down and consolidated its offerings since then, but NFL Mobile remains the league’s digital flagship.

This free app gives you everything you’d expect: news, real-time scoring, video highlights, radio broadcasts, customizable team alerts, and push notifications. You also get access toGame Pass, the league’s on-demand video subscription service. If you’re willing to pay $100 and don’t mind watching games after they’ve aired, you can replay any of the season’s 256 match-ups on your mobile device.

NFL Mobile offers Verizon customersa few extra perks with a More Everything plan. You get 24/7 access to the NFL Network on your phone, and you can live-stream all nationally broadcast games on that channel as well as those on CBS, NBC, Fox, and ESPN.

If you miss a game for whatever reason, NFL Mobile’s at-a-glance recap is indispensable for catching up.

(iOS, Android, Windows Phone)

NFL app for Xbox One

Xbox has more to offer football fans than endless hours playing Madden. Thanks to Microsoft’s partnership with the NFL, your console will give you the best possible field position to follow the upcoming season.

nfl app for xbox one

The NFL app for Xbox One’s “Next Gen Stats” feature is similar to what’s been used in actual NFL broadcasts.

Subscribers to the NFL Network and NFL Sunday Ticket can watch commentary programs and live games respectively, directly through the app. But the app also includes a wealth of features for fantasy owners and armchair quarterbacks alike, including game-day notifications, multi-angle replays, and real-time player tracking.

Don’t miss this other great story related to watching NFL games: NFL without cable: A cord cutter’s guide for the 2016 season

Most impressive is its “Next Gen Stats” feature—similar to what’s been used in actual NFL broadcasts—which delivers player data such as distance traveled, top speed, and routes run. The elegant integration of live games with instant data and analysis makes this the next best thing to being in the broadcast booth.

(Xbox One)

ESPN Fantasy Sports

If you’re an ESPN fantasy football owner, you have more than bragging rights on the line with each game. The ESPN Fantasy app provides every tool you need to stay on top of your squad all season long.

This free app gives you full access to your ESPN fantasy team, letting you start, bench, add, drop, trade, and waive players and otherwise manage your roster in the lead-up to game day. It also provides the most comprehensive collection of stats and analysis you’ll find outside of an NFL war room.

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ESPN’s Fantasy Sports app gives you everything you need to manage your team all season long.

While you’re glued to the tube during games, Fantasycast keeps you updated on all your fantasy players’ scoring in real time, while push notifications alert you to injuries, trades, and other player news.

Even if you’ve never stepped foot on a football field, this app could make you the Bill Belichick of your office league.

(iOS, Android)

NFL Fantasy Football

If you want to keep your fantasy focus strictly on football, check out the league’s official fantasy app. It puts everything you need to manage your NFL fantasy team right in the palm of your hands.

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The league’s official fantasy app provides news and stats straight from the NFL.

Draft from anywhere, then make week-to-week adjustments with the help of live scoring, expert analysis, and news and stats straight from the NFL. You’ll also get video highlights of all your team’s key plays. Keep the chat feature handy to talk trash to your opponents while you’re watching the real-life games.

(IOS, Android, Windows, Windows Phone, Kindle Fire, Kindle Fire Phone)

FanCred

fancred

FanCred lets you show off your team spirit to other passionate fans during the game.

From the Washington Redskins’Hogettes to the denizens of the Oakland Raiders’ Black Hole, football fans have unique ways of showing their devotion to their team. FanCredis a free app that helps you harness that passion and share it with other fans.

FanCred is a social network that works like any other, but because it’s designed for sports fans, your followers are genuinely interested in your check-ins to Soldier Field and your latest fantasy football trades.

Create a profile and select your favorite team and you’ll receive a feed containing news, scores, and comments from other fans. If the prospect of socializing with your sports tribe isn’t enough, you can even play broadcaster by posting Periscope-style streams from your sofa or the stadium.

This network is not for lurkers: You’ll also receive a FanCred Score, ranking you from 1 to 100 based on how much you post and interact with other users, so make sure you get in the game.

(iOS and Android)

SportsYapper

sportsyapper 100532822 large

SportsYapper lets you talk about the game with other viewers in real time.

Venting your football frustrations to the general population on Facebook or Twitter is unsatisfying for you and downright annoying for your friends and followers. SportsYapper offers a more welcoming forum where your opinions and rants will always find a sympathetic ear.

Essentially, SportsYapper creates chat rooms around specific teams and live games where you can hang out and “yapp” with other fans. You get 300 characters to comment, which should be plenty to express your joy over your team’s last-second win or to debate a ref’s controversial call. When you have a meeting of the minds with another fan, you can give them a “high five,” the SportsYapper equivalent of a Facebook “like.”

Beyond sports chatter, the free app lets you upload and search photos of game gatherings, and it will alert you when a game is about to start or when a friend logs in.

source”gsmarena”

Even if fewer are sharing on Instagram, advertisers probable might not care

Social media apps including WhattsApp, LinkedIn, Twitter, FaceBook, Instagram, SnapChat and Periscope are displayed in a social media folder on the screen of an Apple Inc. iPhone
A record Thursday within the Statistics stated that according to sources, the variety of pix and motion pictures published on Instagram reduced between 2013 and 2015, regardless of extra users signing up tothe carrier.
but this decline, even if it persisted into 2016, is unlikely to decrease advertisers’ enthusiasm for the platform,consistent with several who spoke to CNBC.

greater users will usually carry a decline in common shares or posts in step with user, on any socialcommunity,” said William de Lannoy, director of communications approach at creative media business enterprise Noble humans. “The early adopters were people that wanted to percentage pics. The overduecomers are more likely to just want to view those pictures. And, having greater of them is a superb factor,due to the fact the platform is greater approximately ingesting pix than it’s miles sharing them, besides.”

An Instagram spokesperson previously advised CNBC concerning the claims of declining numbers: “We’repleased with the continuing robust increase and engagement of the Instagram network. Our network has grown to extra than 500 million Instagrammers, and 300 million use Instagram each single day, spending a median of extra than 21 mins every day inside the app.”
In view that Instagram sells commercials based totally at the number of visitors rather than the variety of posts, a decline in posts shouldn’t impact its enterprise version, stated De Lannoy.

“The quantity (of posts) alone is not plenty of a sign,” he stated. “If common time spent with the platform ornumber of instances used in line with month is slipping, which could imply a trouble.”

Diana Gordon, senior partner and group director of search and social at media and advertising and marketing agency Mindshare NA, introduced that Instagram has also recently made itself more appealing tomarketers by means of opening up its marketing platform within the closing 18 months. Manufacturers now have get admission to to all focused on and algorithmic Facts, similar to how the process works on Fb.

They are really still the important gamers to put it up for sale on,” she said.

While there are buzzy social media businesses like Snapchat, Noble human beings‘s de Lannoy statedmarketing on both apps serve specific functions. Some of Snapchat’s famous advertising alternatives – like filters you may put over photographs called Lenses – are one of a kind from what you would see on Instagram or Fb. De Lannoy brought the 24-hour expiration date on posts gives marketers a completelydifferent reason for using Snapchat.

“Snapchat is an apparent rival for Instagram, however only an oblique one, for now,” he said. “To categorizeeach as ‘picture and video sharing apps’ misses the factor. The center capability of Snapchat is extracorresponding to instantaneous messaging than it’s miles Instagram.”

Gordon stated that Instagram remains a incredible place for visual storytelling. But, she believes if it wants to continue to stay relevant, the platform wishes to address current developments around real-time posts and the ability to move content material.

“Instagram nonetheless desires to keep to apprehend who

Amazon is making it even less complicated to buy stuff on Top with just your voice

Diagram showing Amazon "Alexa" technology on an Echo device

Diagram showing Amazon “Alexa” generation on an Echo device
Source: Amazon
Diagram showing Amazon “Alexa” technology on an Echo device
Amazon is shifting toward a global in which shopping on-line is as simple as uttering a word.

Nowadays, the organization announced that individuals of its Top service can now order “tens of millions” of items with Alexa, Amazon’s voice-controlled assistant. Previously, Top participants who very own one in every of four gadgets with Alexa ought to do that with matters they have purchased in the past or through“Amazon’s Desire,” a carrier in which the organisation selections merchandise.

Jogging out of the residence but simply remembered you’re out of espresso? “Alexa, order Starbucksespresso,” Amazon offers as an instance. Some other: “Alexa, order Charmin bathroom paper.”

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The feature will check the energy of Amazon’s artificial intelligence, particularly as competitors, mainlyGoogle, are bringing their personal voice-search merchandise to the house. To peer this selection take off, Amazon will even need to maintain Top membership growing.

Both of those problems are many of the massive threats to Amazon’s sterling boom.