Mind Your Diet During Pregnancy to Cut C-Sec Risk

Mind Your Diet During Pregnancy to Cut C-Sec Risk

A woman’s diet plays a crucial role in her future plan of conceiving a child. According to a study done by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) in England, half of all women of childbearing age worldwide are overweight or obese, which puts both mother and the child at risk during pregnancy and later life. As such following a healthy diet combined with physical activity before and during pregnancy can help a great deal, as stated by the researchers.
Resorting to moderate intensity exercise such as aerobics exercises and stationary cycling during pregnancy may decrease the risk of having a caesarean section (C-sec) or developing diabetes, suggest the researchers. The findings showed that dieting combined with physical activity significantly reduced the mother’s weight gain during pregnancy by an average of 0.7 kg. It also lowered the odds of the mother having a caesarean section by about 10 per cent, the research revealed.

Caesarean section can carry risks such as infections for the mother and breathing difficulties for the baby. “For every 40 mothers who follow the healthy diet and moderate exercise, one less woman will end up with a caesarean section,” said Shakila Thangaratinam, Professor at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).

Changes in lifestyle reduced the risk of diabetes in pregnancy by 24 per cent, which normally affects over one in 10 mothers in pregnancy and increases risks of complications in mother and the baby.

plate comparison healthy diet

plate comparison healthy diet
“Our findings are important because it is often thought that pregnant women shouldn’t exercise because it may harm the baby,” Thangaratinam said.


But the study, published in The BMJ, shows “that the babies are not affected by physical activity or dieting, and that there are additional benefits including a reduction in maternal weight gain, diabetes in pregnancy, and the risk of requiring a caesarean section”, she added.

For the study, the team looked at the individual participant data for 12,526 pregnant women across 36 previous trials in 16 countries, which compared the effects of dieting and physical activity.


Shield Eyes From Infection During Monsoon

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While enjoying the rainy season, don’t forget to take care of your eyes as the climate also encourages infective microorganisms to thrive. Avoid infections like conjunctivitis, sties, dry eyes and corneal ulcers by using clean towels and more, say experts.

Uma Singh, Medical Consultant at Ozone Group, Gowri Kulkarni, Head of Medical Operations, DocsApp and Shailja Mittal, Creative Head at Zapyle, have listed ways to avoid eye problems:

* Most eye diseases are transmitted by hand-to-eye contact. Therefore, wash your hands before touching your eyes in order to reduce or prevent infection.

* Avoid rubbing your eyes as that only increases the chances of spreading the infection. Instead, use disposable tissues to wipe off the overflowing discharge or tears.

* Avoid getting wet in the rain. Always wear adequately protective rain gear.

* Be careful of dirty water, muck and dampness during the monsoon season.

* Do not use contact lenses if you have eye-irritation, red eye or any form of abnormal discharge.

* Be careful about using expired make-up around your eyes, and if using contact lenses, make sure you never share your solution or container with someone else.

* Don’t share personal products with others. Items like handkerchiefs, sunglasses and contact lenses should not be shared with others because they can carry highly contagious infections.


Your eyes will fry under normal sunglasses during 2017 eclipse, here’s why

A solar eclipse seen from space.

The nation is preparing for the Aug. 21 “Great American” total solar eclipse, which is the first in 99 years to cross coast-to-coast.

That means buying special eclipse glasses because normal sun glasses – even those with the darkest lenses – aren’t enough to protect eyes from damaging rays.

It’s not that the sun is any stronger during an eclipse, but where you would squint, blink and turn away from the full sun, it can be more comfortable to look at the sun as the moon moves over the bright disk.

That doesn’t mean it’s safe. You can damage your eyes without immediately realizing it if you don’t wear eclipse glasses or look through a special eclipse viewer.

Related: Best places to see the 2017 solar eclipse.

Credit: NASA

Rick Fienberg, the press officer for the American Astronomical Society, said ordinary sun glasses transmit 10 to 20 percent of the light that falls on them.

This makes the landscape on a bright sunny day easier to look at without squinting, and cuts down on glare.

Eclipse glasses allow just 0.0001 percent of the light that falls on them through.

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“That’s at least 100,000 times darker than ordinary sunglasses,” Fienberg said. “Nothing can get through such glasses except the sun itself – just enough to be comfortable for viewing.”

The only time it’s safe to look at the eclipse is if you are in the path of totality and the fleeting moments when the sun is completely covered by the moon.

Related: Check your eclipse forecast.

About 12 million people live in the path of totality for the Aug. 21 eclipse. Millions more will travel to get into the path.

“The sun can be viewed safely with the naked eye only during the few brief seconds or minutes of a total solar eclipse,” NASA says on its eclipse website. “Do not attempt to observe the partial or annular phases of any eclipse with the naked eye.”

It is only safe to view a solar eclipse with the naked eye when you are in the path of totality and the moon completely covers the sun. Credits: © 2005 Miloslav Druckmüller (used by NASA with permission)

Proper eclipse glasses are marked with ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and 12312-2.

Some older solar-viewing glasses may meet previous standards for eye protection, but not the new international standard, Fienberg said.

NASA recommends glasses from Rainbow Symphony, American Paper Optics, Thousand Oaks Optical and TSE 17.

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Ralph Chou, professor emeritus at the School of Optometry & Vision Science at the University of Waterloo in Canada, told Space.com that he has seen patients with crescents burned into the back of their eyes after watching an eclipse without protection.

“Lifetime exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation is an established contributor to accelerated aging of the outer layers of the eye and skin and the development of cataracts,” Chou wrote in a Sky and Telescope article. “But more immediate damage takes place from directly observing the Sun with inadequate eye protection.”


Weight gain during puberty may lead to heart disease: Study

Boys with excessive weight gain during puberty are at increased risk of death due to heart disease later in life, a study reveals.

There is no corresponding risk among boys being overweight when younger and who have normal weight during adolescence.

The study included over 37,600 men and the change in body mass index (BMI) during puberty was calculated using BMI values at eight and 20 years of age.

The study evaluated the contribution of BMI during the two distinct developmental periods — childhood and puberty for cardiovascular mortality in adult men.

Increased cardiovascular mortality was seen in boys with a large increase in BMI during puberty, while there was no increased risk for those who were overweight prior to puberty but whose BMI normalised during puberty. Thus, excessive BMI increase during puberty seems unhealthy.

“In this study, we show that a large increase in BMI during puberty is particularly important, while high BMI at age eight is not linked to increased risk of cardiovascular death,” said Jenny Kindblom, Associate Professor at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

According to the present study, the increased risks occur in the group of boys whose BMI increased by more than seven BMI units during puberty. Within this group, the risk of death due to cardiovascular disease later in life increases by 22 per cent for every extra BMI unit.

The study is being published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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No tobacco alcohol during school hours: DPE directs school teachers

No tobacco and alcoholic during school hours

In order to maintain discipline and decorum in school, the Directorate of Primary Education (DPE) has issued a detailed circular in this regard.

As per the notice, primary school teachers of Pune schools have been banned from chewing tobacco, gutkha or the consumption of alcoholic during school time.

Other points from the circular:

  • The DPE, in the circular, has stated that an extensive number of teachers from rural areas are seen chewing tobacco-gutkha during classroom study
  • Further, this activity of teachers can put students at the risk of getting addicted to these items
  • If in future, teachers are found consuming these substances, then the strongest possible action will be taken against them
  • Also, the principals have been directed to immediately suspend the offending teachers
  • Moreover, all primary schools have been asked by the education department to send their monthly action reports

Meanwhile, the circular, signed by Sharad Gosavi, Deputy Director (Primary Education) and Education Officer, has been sent to the principals of all government primary schools and all Zila Parishad schools.

Further, the circular said:

“As has been pointed out in a memorandum by a private body, there are instances when primary school teachers were found to be consuming alcohol, tobacco, gutkha and other paan masala products during school hours. It’s quite likely that such behaviour will corrupt the minds of young children and they will also contract such terrible addictions. It’s also been noticed that the proportion of such teachers is considerable in the rural areas of the state. Hence, you are directed that such teachers should be spotted and they should be deprived of the honours and promotions. If they don’t mend their ways, they can also be suspended from their posts,” reads the circular signed by Gosavi as reported in recent Indian Express report.

Not only this, some of the senior officials also mentioned that in near future a special police team will be engaged to keep a close check in these schools.


CNN anchor breaks down during segment on haunting image of Syrian boy

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Almost a year after the world was haunted by the image of the three-year-old Syrian boy Alan Kurdi who drowned in the Mediterranean Sea, another image of a young boy has captured the horror of the ongoing war in Syria.

Five-year-old Omran Daqneesh was rescued from the rubble of a building that fell down following an airstrike in the rebel-held neighborhood of Qaterji. He was taken immediately to an ambulance where he was seen sitting, dazed and confused. The image of the stunned and weary-looking boy, sitting in an ambulance caked with dust and with blood on his face, captured the horror that has beset the war-torn northern city as photographs of the child were widely shared on social media. An hour after his rescue, the badly damaged building, the boy was in, completely collapsed.

The boy suffered head wounds but no brain injury, and was later discharged. Rescue workers and journalists arrived shortly after the strike and described pulling victims from the rubble.


A CNN television anchor, airing a report on the boy, turned emotional as she started to talk about him. Kate Bolduan started by saying “According to activists, this, is Omran ” and her voice started to break. She took a long pause, trying to compose herself before she starts narrating the story of the little boy.

As she talked about his family, the report showed visuals of the boy as her voice kept trembling while she tried to hold back tears.

“He was with his mom and dad, his brother and his sister. Their home is in Aleppo, Syria. It was hit by a bomb, in an airstrike,” she continued, elaborating on the details of how the boy was found.

The report then cuts to a video of the boy being fished out from the rubble and being transferred to the ambulance.

“Omran is left inside the ambulance alone, bloodied as rescuers go back into the rubble looking for anyone else who may have survived,” she continued after the video.

She concludes the report by saying that what frightens her is that there are tears in the newsroom but not on the boy.

“He doesn’t cry once. That little boy is in total shock. he is stunned. Inside his home one moment and the next, lost in the fury of war and chaos. At least three people were killed by this bomb in this neighbourhood. This is Omran. He’s alive. We wanted you to know,” she concluded as she broke down completely.


How to increase the fat burned during exercise

Credit: SINC

When we exercise, our body’s oxidation of fat and carbohydrates depends on the intensity and duration of the activity. A new study analyses the effect of consuming an alkaloid, p-synephrine, on the burning of lipids and refutes the value of “miracle” diets: it is not possible to lose more than a kilogramme of fat per month.

New research published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology analyses p-synephrine’s role in burning fat during rest and exercise. This alkaloid can be found in nature (although at low concentrations) in a wide variety of citrus fruits such as oranges, mandarins and grapefruits, and commercially (at greater concentrations) as extract of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium).

“There is very little scientific information on this substance’s effects on metabolism and the oxidation of energy substrates during exercise or on the side effects of the continued consumption of this substance,” SINC was told by Juan Del Coso, a researcher from Camilo José Cela University and a lead author of the paper.

Because of its chemical similarity to ephedrine (a nervous system stimulant), and the substance’s activation of β3 adrenergic receptors, it has become a popular food supplement, typically included in weight loss products.

“The advantage of p-synephrine is its reduced activation of β1 y β2 receptors and consequent weak influence in raising arterial tension and heart rate, which mean the substance has fewer side effects than other adrenaline stimulators,” Del Coso adds.

The purpose of the investigation was to determine the effects of acute intake of 3 mg p-synephrine per kg body mass on energy metabolism and the rate of fat and carbohydrate oxidation during rest and exercise.

In a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, experimental study, 18 subjects underwent two experimental trials: after consuming p-synephrine (3 mg/kg) and after taking a placebo (control test).

An hour after ingesting the substance, energy expenditure and arterial tension were measured before and after physical activity, in this case using a static bike. Acute p-synephrine ingestion had no effect on energy expenditure, heart rate or arterial pressure.

“However, the substance produced a notable change in substrate utilisation during exercise: p-synephrine ingestion pre-exercise increased the rate of fat oxidation and reduced carbohydrate oxidation at low and moderate intensity,” the expert explains.

In fact, p-synephrine increased individuals’ maximum capacity to burn fat, although it did not change the intensity at which this was attained. This data suggests that p-synephrine supplements could be useful to increase fat oxidation by of 7 g per hour of exercise.

There is no such thing as a “miracle” diet

The maximum rate found for fat oxidation during exercise, in this case in cyclists, was 0.7 g/min. That would suggest that in a best-case scenario, an individual could burn 42 g of fat after an hour of exercise at that level of intensity.

“This means the weight changes we experience when we start exercising are not based on fat loss, but mainly on fluid loss. This is why the majority of ‘miracle’ diets and slimming programmes produce a ‘rebound’ effect due to the recovery of the lost fluid,” the researcher argues.

Real weight change, based on the oxidation of fat through exercise (and diet) causes a real loss of 200–300 g per week, a little over 1 kg per month.

“That should be the aim: to lose a kilo per month, but a kilo of fat. It’s less attention-catching than miracle diet slogans, but scientifically speaking, effective change would be at that rate,” he points out. “That said, the rate of loss could increase with p-synephrine, but always combining the substance with exercise.”

The authors highlight the need for further study to determine the effects of the long-term use of this substance on energy production, metabolism at rest and substrate utilisation during exercise.


India-bound Tesla Model 3 clicked during commercial shoot

India-bound Tesla Model 3 clicked during commercial shoot

The Tesla Model 3, which is also headed to India, has gripped auto enthusiasts across the globe. The company has received over 3,25,000 pre-bookings even before it is officially advertised. A fresh image of the Tesla Model 3 in silver shade has emerged from its commercial shoot in California, thereby creating more hype around the upcoming car.

The Tesla Model 3 featuring in the image is a prototype model, while the production ready model will carry more exterior and interior upgrades to add to its value. The vehicle will be offered in single-motor rear wheel drive and dual motor all-wheel drive variants. On a full charge, the Tesla Model 3 covers a distance of about 346km.

The Tesla Model 3 is capable of clocking a 0 to 100kmph in under six seconds. Deliveries for the Tesla Model 3 will commence in the West Coast initially and then progress to East Coast followed by Europe and Asia-Pacific. Interested customers can book one by making an advance payment of US $1000. The Tesla Model 3 will be offered at a starting price of US $35,0000.