Diabetes care for the cold months

Come winter, and the cold brings with it some ailments and risk to the people with chronic health problems like diabetes. Diabetes of all types often worsened in cold months. Hence, the ailment needs good care. There is an easy guide to keep your diabetes in check during cold weather.
Keep away from cold and flu: Wash or sanitise your hands more often, especially before eating every time. If you are suffering from a runny nose or sneezing, use soft tissue paper.
Keep your head, hands and feet well covered: Wrap your whole body with comfortable woollens. Wear soft and warm caps, gloves, mittens and socks besides pullovers or jackets.
Keep stress at bay: Keep yourself busy in the activities you like to do. If you are feeling depressed, talk to your friends and let the stress go.
Keep yourself active: Cold weather leads to inactivity that contributes to high blood sugar level.
Use stairs instead of elevators. Don’t use your car to go to a local market. Walk it out.
Eat healthy: Winter season makes you want to eat more. Be mindful of what you eat. Avoid high calorie food and alcohol. Eat more of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Avoid alcohol.
Regular warm-up exercise: Physical workout of 30 minutes each day is a must. You may join a gym or jog in a park. Exercise keeps your body temperature up even hours after exercise and thus helps in maintaining good metabolism. It is also very essential to regulate sugar levels. If you are on insulin, its requirement may also go down with burning of calories.
Frequent blood sugar testing: Blood sugar testing takes a back seat in winters. With cold hands it seems more cumbersome to take out blood. Warm up your hands before testing and go for testing more often.
Drink plenty of water and other healthy sugar free fresh drinks.
Take enough rest to keep your mind, body and heart peaceful.
Prevention is the best medicine. If you are facing trouble managing diabetes in winters even after taking all precautions and care, talk to your doctor immediately. Stay healthy and safe.
[“source-thestatesman”]

A few minutes of light exercise, rather than a sweaty gym workout, is all that is needed to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, study suggests

Even small amounts of physical activity can offer health benefits that protect against diabetesEven small amounts of physical activity can offer health benefits that protect against diabetes, new research suggests.

A new study found that even a little exercise wards off insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes which can result from a high-fat diet.

Insulin resistance occurs when the cells of the body stop responding to insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels in the body.

Exercise can prevent insulin resistance by prompting the body to remove damaged cells and enhancing the quality of mitochondria, the cell’s energy powerhouses.

Type 2 diabetes affects 4.5 million people living in the UK and 29 million people in the US.

Even small amounts of physical activity can offer health benefits that protect against diabetes

The study also casts doubt on the previously held view that increasing the quantity of mitochondria could help fix some consequences of a high fat diet, including insulin resistance.

The researchers found that the benefits from physical activity were not affected by the quantity of mitochondria.

Lead researcher Megan Rosa-Caldwell, a doctoral student at the University of Arkansas, found that mice genetically engineered to have higher quantity of mitochondria were not more protected against high-fat diet induced insulin resistance.

How was the research conducted?

The researchers fed all the mice in the study a Western diet high in fat.

The genetically engineered and control mice were further divided into a group that was allowed to exercise, and a sedentary group.

Their results showed that physical activity, regardless of the amount of mitochondria, offered similar health benefits against insulin resistance.

Even a little exercise wards off insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes which can result from a high-fat diet

Study found even a little exercise wards off insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes

The researchers said that it appears that exercise’s ability to help remove damaged cells and enhance the quality of the mitochondria may be more effective for preventing insulin resistance.

But they said these aspects need to be further tested.

Exercise offers ‘the greatest protection’

Ms Rosa-Caldwell said that with rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes continuing to increase, understanding the cellular processes that help or hurt insulin resistance can help doctors better tailor effective preventative measures such as exercise.

She added: ‘For now, physical activity is the greatest protection, but further research may enable us to prevent and treat insulin resistance, and subsequent diabetes, more effectively.’

The research was published in the journal Experimental Physiology.

[“Source-ndtv”]

 

People with Type 1 diabetes need to exercise safely

People with Type 1 diabetes need to exercise safely (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)People with Type 1 diabetes need to exercise safely (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Maintaining good exerciseregimen may be difficult and risky, especially for people with Type 1 diabetes, because exercise tends to cause fluctuations in blood sugar, which may even become dangerous, researchers warned.

Patients with Type 1 diabeteshave to monitor their blood glucose levels before, during and after exercise, said Michael Riddell, Professor at York University in Ontario, Canada.

Regular exercise can help individuals with diabetes to achieve their blood lipid, body composition, fitness and blood sugar goals.

However, for people living with Type 1 diabetes, the fear of hypoglycemia, loss of glycemic control, and inadequate knowledge around exercise management are major barriers, Riddell said.

In the study, published in the Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, a team of 21 international experts brought out a set of guidelines on glucose targets for safe and effective exercising as well as nutritional and insulin dose adjustments to prevent exercise-related fluctuations in blood sugar.

Diabetic patients should maintain a healthy body weight nor do they achieve the minimum required moderate-to-vigorous aerobic activity of150 minutes per week.

In paediatric patients, exercise reduces the cardiovascular disease risk profile, improves the sense of well-being and brings down average blood glucose levels, whereas in adults, being physically active may decrease the risk of both diabetic eye disease and kidney disease.

They also have a better chance of achieving target levels of glycated hemoglobin levels, blood pressure levels and a healthier body mass index (BMI) when compared to inactive patients, Riddell said.

The results showed that aerobic exercises such as walking, jogging or light cycling are associated with reductions in glycemia while anaerobic exercise like sprinting, heavy weight-lifting, and interval sports like hockey are known to temporarily increase glucose levels.

Hence, a clear understanding of the physiology of different forms of exercise and the changes that can influence glycemia during exercise may ensure safe and diabetes control, the researchers noted.

source”cnbc”

Over 10,000 people screened for diabetes in Mumbai

IANS | Jan 29, 2017, 01.29 PM IST

<p>Over 10,000 people screened for diabetes in Mumbai<br></p>Over 10,000 people screened for diabetes in Mumbai

Over 10,000 people were screened for diabetes and its health implications during a diabetes mela held here on Saturday.

The medical camp inaugurated by Maharashtra Education Minister Vinod Tawde, was organised to check the health status of the people here living with the risk of diabetes.

According to the organisers — Gadge Diabetes Center — the mela highlighted the effects and causes of diabetes with the help of skits, music and dance. “The mela helped spread a positive message,” the centre said in a statement.

India is considered as the Diabetes Capital of the world and as per the 2015 reports from International Diabetes Federation, 69.1 million people in India are diabetic.

“Diabetes is increasing exponentially in our country. The only way to curb is to create maximum awareness. By ensuring maximum people are a part of the awareness campaigns we can take a step forward in reducing diabetes,” Pradeep Gadge, Chief Diabetologist, Gadge Diabetes Centre, said.

A recent study at the University of California, San Francisco revealed that alcohol addiction can increase the risk factors of diabetes and high blood pressure.

Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.

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source”cnbc”

Healthy food may benefit people with HIV, diabetes: Study

ANI | Jan 26, 2017, 02.26 PM IST

Healthy food may benefit people with HIV, diabetes: Study (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)Healthy food may benefit people with HIV, diabetes: Study (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Mediterranean diet loaded with fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins and healthy fats for six months may benefit people with HIV and Type 2 diabetes.

According to researchers, through healthy food and snacks HIV-positive people were more likely to adhere to their medication regimens, and people with type 2 diabetes, were less depressed and less likely to make trade-offs between food and healthcare.

The study, which appeared online in the Journal of Urban Health, was designed to evaluate whether helping people get medically appropriate, comprehensive nutrition would improve their health.

“We saw significant improvements in food security and in outcomes related to all three mechanisms through which we posited food insecurity may affect HIV and diabetes health–nutritional, mental health, and behavioral,” said Kartika Palar from University Of California – San Francisco.

“We saw dramatic improvements in depression, the distress of having diabetes, diabetes self-management, trading-off between food and healthcare and HIV medication adherence,” Palar added.

They included 52 participants in the study.

They found number of people with diabetes who achieved optimal blood sugar control increased, and decreases in hospitalizations or emergency department visits, but these changes did not reach statistical significance. Participants with diabetes also consumed less sugar and lost weight.

The researchers followed the participants for six months and found they consumed fewer fats, while increasing their consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Overall, those in the study had fewer symptoms of depression and were less likely to binge drink. For those with HIV, adherence to antiretroviral therapy increased from 47 to 70 percent.

The meals and snacks, which participants picked up twice a week, were based on the Mediterranean diet and featured fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats like olive oil, and whole grains.

“This study highlights the vital role that community-based food support organisations can play in supporting health and well-being of chronically ill populations who struggle to afford basic needs,” said senior study author Sheri Weiser.

Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.

source”cnbc”

Gestational diabetes may up postpartum depression risk

IANS | Jan 20, 2017, 06.30 PM IST

Gestational diabetes may up postpartum depression risk (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)Gestational diabetes may up postpartum depression risk (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Gestational diabetes is likely to raise the risk of depression after childbirth in first-time mothers, a study has found.

Gestational diabetes is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women.

The findings showed that women with a history of depression are more than 20 times more likely to experience postpartum depression than mothers without a previous clinical diagnosis of depression.

“While having diabetes increases postpartum depression risk for all women, for those women who have had a past depressive episode, having diabetes during pregnancy makes it 70 per cent more likely that they will develop postpartum depression,” said lead author Michael E. Silverman, Assistant Professor at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, US.

Postpartum depression can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes.

In addition, the study found that among women with a history of depression, pre-gestational diabetes and mild preterm delivery increased the risk of postpartum depression.

On the other hand, in women who had no history of depression, young age, instrument-assisted or cesarean delivery, and moderate preterm delivery increased risk of postpartum depression.

Showing that a history of depression modifies some of the risks associated with obstetric and perinatal factors suggests that there may be different causal pathways of postpartum depression in women with and without a history of depression, the researchers said.

“Most practitioners think of these as two isolated and very different conditions, but we now understand gestational diabetes and postpartum depression should be considered together,” Silverman said.

For the study, published in the journal Depression and Anxiety the team included more than 700,000 first-time mothers from Sweden.

source”cnbc”

Weight lifting exercises may cut risks of heart disease, diabetes

IANS | Jan 12, 2017, 03.00 PM IST

Your new year resolution of hitting the gym to indulge in some weight lifting exercises may not only help you tone those muscles, but also lower the risk of cardiovascular disease as well as Type 2 diabetes, researchers say.

The findings showed that resistance-based interval training exercise – a simple leg exercises, involving weights — improved blood vessel function of individuals with and without diabetes.

“Individuals with Type 2 diabetes are up to four times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than those without,” said Jonathan Little, Assistant Professor at University of British Columbia (UBC) – Okanagan Campus in Canada.

“After completion of just one bout of exercise, we saw an improvement in blood vessel function, an indicator of heart health and heart attack risk,” Little added.

In the study, the team compared the effect of two types of interval training – resistance (leg press, extensions and lifts) and cardiovascular (stationary bicycle) exercises — on blood vessel function on 35 participants assigned into three groups — people with Type 2 diabetes, non-exercisers, and regular exercisers without diabetes.

“All exercisers showed greater blood vessel function improvement after the resistance-based interval training. However, this was most prominent in the Type 2 diabetes group,” noted Monique Francois, graduate student at UBC.

The exercise regimen could also prove to be a cost-effective tool to help people manage their disease, the researchers said.

The study was published in American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology.

source”cnbc”

Wearable device can reduce fat, treat type 2 diabetes

PM IST

Wearable device can reduce fat, treat type 2 diabetes (Getty Images)Wearable device can reduce fat, treat type 2 diabetes (Getty Images)
Scientists from Japan have developed a wearable medical device that can help diabetic elderly or overweight people to lose fat and treat type 2 diabetes.

The device developed by Kumamoto University affects visceral fat loss and improves blood glucose (sugar) by helping overweight or elderly people exercise, which is effective for the treatment of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is a disease of systemic organ failure due to chronic hyperglycemia and inflammation from the accumulation of excess visceral fat.

Metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia attenuate stress resistance in the human body and exacerbate insulin resistance.

The heat shock response (HSR) is activated as a response to stress in the human body, but its function decreased in those with type 2 diabetes.

A research team from the university has found that by restoring the function of HSP72 — the main protein of HSR — improved glucose-related abnormalities.

The researchers developed a belt-type medical device that uses a special type of rubber.

“This device is very easy to use since it simply attaches to the abdomen and it has a low-impact on the patient. One can expect the effects to be similar to exercise therapy,” Tatsuya Kondo, who led the research, said in a statement.

The team then performed a clinical trial of MES + HS on 40 obese men suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Results showed a decrease fasting glucose levels, a loss of visceral fat, improve insulin resistance and a significant improvement in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values.

“Even in patients who have difficulty exercising, such as those who are overweight, elderly, or have some form of disability, this device can be expected to provide acceptable treatment in addition to conventional diabetic medical care,” Tatsuya added.

The research appeared in journal Scientific Reports

source”cnbc”

Diabetes can affect your skin too!

Diabetes can affect your skin too! (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)Diabetes can affect your skin too! (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images)
Diabetes is a very common problem these days.

Though people think excessive intake of sugar and sweetened food lead to diabetes, the reality is our unbalanced lifestyle also play a significant role in contributing to the condition of diabetes. Many of us are not even aware that apart from affecting our body, diabetes can play havoc on our skin.

Skin Specialist Dr Rohit Batra from Derma World Skin Clinic shared information on how diabetes can affect our skin and how we can combat this problem.

Some common skin infections due to diabetes are fungal infection, itching, vitiligo, blisters, Digital Sclerosis, foot ulcer and others.

Fungal Infection: ‘Candida albicans’ is a painful fungal infection commonly found in diabetic people. The infection causes red rashes on the skin and leads to itching and pain. Jock itch is another fungal infection amongst the diabetic patients.

Treatment- The right treatment of the infection is to stop ignoring the problem. Do not ignore the infection right from the beginning and immediately contact the doctor at the first sign of it.

Itching: Itching seems to be a common problem; however, it can be severe and problematic. Itching in the lower part of the legs and feet is common among diabetic patients.

Treatment- Applying a good moisturizer is the best way to control itching. Slather a good amount of moisturizer on the affected area and avoid scratching to get relief from itching.

Vitiligo: Experts suggest that vitiligo is also caused due to Type 1 Diabetes. The cells responsible for the brown pigment on the skin get damaged in Vitiligo which leads to white patches on the chest, face, and hands etc.

Treatment- Light therapy is used to treat Vitiligo. Always make sure to use a sunscreen with an SPF 30 while stepping out in the sun.

Blisters: Blisters are common among diabetic people and appear on the hands, legs and the backside of the fingers. The good thing is that they are painless.

Treatment- Blisters heal on their own within one to two weeks. However, if you feel any problem, contact your doctor immediately.

Digital Sclerosis: Almost one third people with Type 1 diabetes struggle with the issue of digital sclerosis. The main symptom of this condition is thickened area in the skin which gradually becomes very tight. Due to this, it becomes very difficult to move joints especially knees, fingers and elbow.

Treatment- The only solution is to control the blood sugar level.

Foot Ulcer: In the extreme stages of diabetes, a special nerve gets damaged due to which the person doesn’t feel any sensation in the foot. Even a little scratch on the foot takes the form of a sore and may take weeks to heal.

Treatment- As soon as you notice this con

.source”cnbc”

Wearable device can reduce fat, treat type 2 diabetes

13, 2016, 05.00 PM IST

Wearable device can reduce fat, treat type 2 diabetes (Getty Images)Wearable device can reduce fat, treat type 2 diabetes (Getty Images)
Scientists from Japan have developed a wearable medical device that can help diabetic elderly or overweight people to lose fat and treat type 2 diabetes.

The device developed by Kumamoto University affects visceral fat loss and improves blood glucose (sugar) by helping overweight or elderly people exercise, which is effective for the treatment of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is a disease of systemic organ failure due to chronic hyperglycemia and inflammation from the accumulation of excess visceral fat.

Metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia attenuate stress resistance in the human body and exacerbate insulin resistance.

The heat shock response (HSR) is activated as a response to stress in the human body, but its function decreased in those with type 2 diabetes.

A research team from the university has found that by restoring the function of HSP72 — the main protein of HSR — improved glucose-related abnormalities.

The researchers developed a belt-type medical device that uses a special type of rubber.

“This device is very easy to use since it simply attaches to the abdomen and it has a low-impact on the patient. One can expect the effects to be similar to exercise therapy,” Tatsuya Kondo, who led the research, said in a statement.

The team then performed a clinical trial of MES + HS on 40 obese men suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Results showed a decrease fasting glucose levels, a loss of visceral fat, improve insulin resistance and a significant improvement in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values.

“Even in patients who have difficulty exercising, such as those who are overweight, elderly, or have some form of disability, this device can be expected to provide acceptable treatment in addition to conventional diabetic medical care,” Tatsuya added.

source”cnbc”