Children ‘exercise less as they get older’

Older children racing

The number of children doing an hour of exercise a day falls by nearly 40% between the ages of five and 12.

Figures suggest that by the final year of primary school, just 17% of pupils are doing the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity every day.

A spokesman for Public Health England described the drop in activity levels as “concerning”.

More than a third of children in England are overweight by the time they leave primary school.

A new survey from Public Health England and Disney looked at the effects of physical activity on children’s emotional wellbeing

More than 1,000 children aged five to 11 were questioned, with their parents acknowledging that being active made their children feel happier (79%), more confident (72%), and more sociable (74%).

But the survey also found that children’s overall happiness declined with age, with 64% of five-and six-year-olds saying they always felt happy, compared with just 48% of 11-year-olds.

Boy jumping

“Children’s physical activity levels in England are alarmingly low, and the drop in activity from the ages of five to 12 is concerning,” said Public Health England’s Eustace de Sousa.

“Children who get enough physical activity are mentally and physically healthier, and have all-round better development into adulthood – getting into the habit of doing short bursts of activity early can deliver lifelong benefits.”

Currently, just 23% of boys and 20% of girls, between the ages of five and 15, meet the national recommended level of activity, according to an NHS report published last December.

“Not being very good” was cited by many children as the reason they did not take part in some physical activities, with older children more likely to be self-conscious than their younger counterparts: 29% of 11-year-olds compared with 17% of five-year-olds.

As part of the Change4Life campaign, Sport England and Disney have joined forces to launch a 10 Minute Shake Ups programme, encouraging children to take part in accessible activities across the school holidays.

“The 10 Minute Shake Ups provide a load of fun activities to get kids moving more,” said Olympic marathon swimmer Keri-anne Payne, who is backing the campaign.

“Being active is not just for Olympians, it’s for everyone. ”

[“Source-bbc”]

How to protect the elderly and children from the cold

The cold weather — coupled with pollutants hanging low in Delhi’s air — poses a serious health risk, especially to the elderly and children. Here’s how you can help ease their pain

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Excess saffronisation of education might not be ideal for children

The RSS has endorsed re-writing textbooks and upholding Sanskrit, citing the importance of science, atomic concepts and plastic surgery in ancient India practiced by the Hindu geniuses.

RSS

RSS

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  • IIM Bangalore to boost women entrepreneurship
  • IIM-C student to get Rs 4.5 lakh stipend per month

The Shangh Parivaar has been advocating saffronisation of education at the national level. After BJP’s sweeping victory 2014, this task has become far easier to walk through.

The RSS has endorsed re-writing textbooks and upholding Sanskrit, citing the importance of science, atomic concepts and plastic surgery in ancient India practiced by the Hindu geniuses.

Saffronisation of education:

  • RSS Chief Mohan Bhagwat replaced historical facts with Hindu mythology in his books, citing ancient India had aeroplanes and atom bombs
  • Sushruta, the ‘father of surgery’ practiced over 300 surgical procedures including the process of stitching intestines by using ‘ant-heads as stitching material’ in ancient times
  • These aforementioned are some pivot subject elements as pointed out by the RSS science and technology wing, Vijnana Bharti, for the examinations to be held on November 20 across 2,000 government and private aided schools
  • Over 140,000 students from classes 6 to 11 are due to take the three-hour long examinations on ‘Life of former President APJ Abdul Kalam’ and ‘Indian contribution to science’
  • Apart from the Vijnana Bharti, several schools, including the Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas, DPS, Amity International schools and have directed the teaching staff to quickly prepare for the upcoming examinations through engaging in special classes for these subjects
  • While a lesson on the Vedic civilization appears quite a matter of importance, it is not mandatory to conduct examinations of such on children, as says a Hindustan Times Editorial.
  • source”cnbc”

Children Inherit Intelligence From Mothers, Says Study

Children Inherit Intelligence From Mothers, Says Study

WASHINGTON: Mother’s genes may determine how clever the children will be, whereas the father makes no difference to their intelligence levels, a new research suggests.

Women are more likely to transmit intelligence genes to their children as they are carried on the X chromosome and women have two of these, while men only have one.

Advanced cognitive functions which are inherited from the father may be automatically deactivated, according to the researchers at the University of Washington in the US.

A category of genes known as “conditioned genes” are thought to work only if they come from the mother in some cases and the father in other cases.

Intelligence is believed to be among the conditioned genes that have to come from the mother.

Laboratory studies using genetically modified mice found that those with an extra dose of maternal genes developed bigger heads and brains, but had little bodies.
Those with an extra dose of paternal genes had small brains and larger bodies, ‘The Independent’ reported.

Researchers identified cells that contained only maternal or paternal genes in six different parts of the mouse brains which controlled different cognitive functions, from eating habits to memory.

Cells with paternal genes accumulated in parts of the limbic system, which is involved in functions such as sex, food and aggression.

However, researchers did not find any paternal cells in the cerebral cortex, which is where the most advanced cognitive functions take place, such as reasoning, thought, language and planning.

Research makes it clear that genetics is not the only determinant of intelligence – only 40 to 60 per cent of intelligence is estimated to be hereditary, leaving a similar chunk dependent on the environment.

source”cnbc”

New Antibiotic Gel May Cure Ear Infections In Children: Study

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New Antibiotic Gel May Cure Ear Infections In Children: Study

With the gel, a doctor can administer entire antibiotic course all at once. (Representational Image)

NEW YORK:  A single dose of a bio-engineered gel, developed by US researchers, could deliver a full course of antibiotic therapy for a common childhood ear infection, a pre-clinical study has found.

Middle-ear infection, or otitis media, is an ear infection that is usually caused by bacteria or viruses.

Common symptoms include ear pain and fever and in some cases, it may also cause drainage of fluid from the ear or hearing loss. Although most ear infections go away on their own, some require antibiotics.

As high doses of oral antibiotics are needed to get to the ear, side effects like diarrhoea, rashes and oral thrush are common.

“With oral antibiotics, you have to treat the entire body repeatedly just to get to the middle ear,” said Rong Yang, PhD, a chemical engineer at Boston Children’s Hospital in Massachusetts, US.

However, “with the gel, a paediatrician can administer the entire antibiotic course all at once, and only where it’s needed,” Yang said.

source”cnbc”

Brain Cancer Now Deadliest For US Children: Study

Brain Cancer Now Deadliest For US Children: Study

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Brain Cancer Now Deadliest For US Children: Study

Cancer death rates for children dropped 20 per cent from 1999.

ATLANTA:  Brain cancer is now the deadliest form of childhood cancer in the United States, surpassing leukemia as treatment advances have allowed doctors to cure many blood-related cancers, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said on Friday.

In 1999, nearly one in three children who died of cancer had leukemia, while brain cancer caused the deaths of one in four.

By 2014, the numbers had reversed, researchers found comparing death rates from pediatric cancers in these years.

“Forms of leukemia that a generation ago were almost universally fatal are now almost universally curable,” said Sally Curtin, an author of the report, in a telephone interview.

Overall, cancer death rates for children dropped 20 per cent from 1999, continuing a trend that started in the mid 1970s, according to the National Center for Health Statistics study.

Among 100,000 youth ages one to 19, cancer killed 2.28 in 2014.

Other common sites of fatal childhood cancers included the bone and articular cartilage, thyroid and other endocrine glands and mesothelial and soft tissue. Combined with brain cancer and leukemia, these accounted for 81.6 per cent of all childhood cancer deaths in 2014, the report said.

“The declines were broad, across all the age groups, males and females, for both white and black children,” Curtin said. “That in and of itself is noteworthy because so many health outcomes have disparities.”

She noted that brain cancer deaths held stable as leukemia deaths dropped.

In 2014, 445 children died from pediatric leukemia, down from 645 in 1999, the CDC reported.

Deaths from childhood brain cancer, however, increased slightly from 516 in 1999 to 534 in 2014, the study found.

“For pediatric brain tumors in particular, we have not made significant headway at all,” said Katherine Warren, head of pediatric neuro-oncology at the National Cancer Institute.

She said childhood brain cancer is more difficult to treat, in part because the blood-brain barrier protects the central nervous system from toxins. This makes it more difficult to deliver chemotherapy.source”cnbc”

“With leukemia, you are giving the therapy directly into the blood and hence to the bone marrow which is exactly where the cancer is,” she said, calling for more research into childhood brain cancers.

“We have learned over the past decade or so that childhood tumors are significantly different from adult tumors,” she added.

source”cnbc”

UN releases shocking education report of refugees: Over 3.7 million children have no access to schools

UN High Commissioner for Refugees releases education report

Education is one of the main basic human rights and every individual is entitled to be educated.

What is education?

  • “Education transforms lives and is at the heart of UNESCO’s mission to build peace, eradicate poverty and drive sustainable development, ” says the website
  • They also mention that education is a human right for all throughout life and that access must be matched by quality
  • However, the scenario is completely different for the refugee children, who cannot exercise this fundamental right, as food, water and shelter are their immediate needs (Read:Schooling for all refugee children, urges Malala Yousafzai)

Importance of education:

  • In Associate Press report, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, says “while education is vital for all children, it’s especially crucial to help equip refugee children to succeed in work and life”
  • “Education is also a key contribution to keeping the hope of refugees, and in situations in which despair is so prevalent, going to school, learning, acquiring knowledge and skills, are fundamental,” Grandi told in an interview on Tuesday

What is UN planning for these children?

  • Since education develops the mindset of children from a very tender age, so it is quite evident that no education can lead to more uncivilised, un-peaceful condition in a war state
  • This is why United Nations’ refugee agency is impelling the world to ensure basic education to the refugee children
  • The subject was discussed at the UN General Assembly, where a 48-page report was released
  • A summit on refugees and migrants will take place in New York next week

Shocking figures:

  • It is estimated that the refugees spend as much as 20 years in exile

“The average length of time a refugee spends in exile is about 20 years,” Grandi wrote in the report’s introduction. “Given this sobering picture, it is critical that we think beyond a refugee’s basic survival,” he added

  • The repercussion of this period is adversely affecting the children in exile
  • According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, over 3.7 million school-age children do not have an access to school
  • While 90 per cent children across the world can avail primary education, only half of the refugee children can get the same
  • Likewise, one in every four refugee can attend senior secondary school, however 84 per cent children read in high school globally
  • Universities are attended by only one per cent of refugees

What could be the solution?

The United Nations have come to a number of solutions towards helping these children get proper education:

  • More charitable organisations should come forward to help these children
  • As they are supposed to get education in their current territory, respective governments must bring in action plans
  • More than 86 per cent refugees are hosted in developing counties
  • Countries without schools for refugees:
  • Chad
  • Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Kenya
  • Lebanon
  • Pakistan
  • Turkey
  • source”cnbc”

Mobile-app game to raise funds for slum children

Slum children

In a great noble gesture to humanity, a 17-year-old-boy from Gurgaon developed a mobile app games to raise funds to provide education for the poor children dwelling in the slum areas. The developer, Ranvijay Singh, is a commerce student of Suncity School in Gurgaon.

How did Singh come up with the idea?

“While travelling to the school every day, I see a number of children wasting time playing games on the roadsides. I wanted to educate them and help them live a good life. Though I and my school friends used to teach the children during our free time, we needed books and other stationary. It was during this time that the idea of earning money came to my mind,” said Ranvijay Singh.

All about the game:

    • The adventurous game called ‘Rope Dash’ is an application which is compatible to both Android and iOS
  • The mobile-based application available in both free and payable versions was launched in July this year
  • With the money he earned, Singh successfully bought stationary and books for the young slum dwellers nearby his neighbourhood in Gurgaon Sector 53
  • The boy has so far collected only 25 per cent return on what he had invested.

The promising Ranvijay, while speaking to HT, said he wish to educate more underprivileged slum children as an entrepreneurs.

source”gsmarena”

Technology helps bring back muslim children to madrassas

Representational image, image source: robinwyatt.org

Technology is playing a pivotal role in preventing high dropouts and absenteeism observed in various madrassas across West Bengal.

Abdul Lashkar, a class-9 student, visited the new computer lab in Dar-Un-Neda Siddiquia Madrassa in Hooghly district after his science class to look up on food habits of Prophet Muhammad on the internet. With the help of his classmates, he then came up with a digital story on how favourite foods of the Prophet nourished his body with vitamins and other nutrients.

Linking nutrition to Islam:

Madrassa teacher Sugata Dey told PTI, “If we tell them about nutrition, they won’t find it interesting but when we link it with Islam then the topic becomes interesting for them. It helps them relate to their education with the community they are coming from.”

This idea of integrating ‘dini’ (religious) and ‘duniyavi talim’ (worldly education) with modern technology has been conceptualised by educator Amina Charania from Tata Trusts.

(Read: IIM to be set up in Jammu: HRD Ministry signs MoU with state government)

Positive effects:

It was in the year 2014 that the madrassa adopted the new pedagogic framework for integrating technology in teaching and learning. Since then, enrolment has doubled for class five students.

“I don’t see any dropouts happening now. On the other hand the enrolment has increased and so has attendance in classes,” said Babita Dutta Majumder of Vikramshila Education Resource Society who is working for the development of the minority education institutions.

source”gsmarena”

Fountain of children? nutritional complement may additionally save you and reverse excessive damage to getting older mind, research indicates


A nutritional complement containing a blend of thirty nutrients and minerals — all herbal componentsextensively to be had in health meals shops — has shown fantastic anti-ageing properties that couldprevent or even opposite huge mind mobile loss, consistent with new studies from McMasteruniversity.

it’s a combination scientists accept as true with may want to one day sluggish the progress of catastrophic neurological diseases together with Alzheimer’s, ALS and Parkinson’s.

“The findings are dramatic,” says Jennifer Lemon, research accomplice in the branch of Biology and a leadauthor of the take a look at. “Our wish is this supplement should offset a few very severe illnesses andultimately improve great of life.”

The method, which contains common components such as nutrients B, C and D, folic acid,inexperienced tea extract, cod liver oil and other nutraceuticals, was first designed by means of scientists in McMaster’s branch of Biology in 2000.

a series of studies published over the last decade and a half of have shown its benefits in mice, in bothregular mice and those particularly bred for such research because they age rapidly, experiencing dramatic declines in cognitive and motor feature in a remember of months.

The mice used on this observe had tremendous loss of extra than half of their brain cells, severelyimpacting multiple areas of the mind by three hundred and sixty five days of age, the human equal ofextreme Alzheimer’s sickness.

The mice were fed the supplement on small portions of bagel every day over the path of numerousmonths. through the years, researchers located that it completely removed the severe brain cellular loss and abolished cognitive decline.

“The studies suggests that there may be great potential with this supplement to help folks that areaffected by a few catastrophic neurological sicknesses,” says Lemon, who performed the work with co-author Vadim Aksenov, a submit-doctoral fellow inside the department of Biology at McMaster.

“We know this due to the fact mice revel in the identical simple cell mechanisms that contribute to neurodegeneration that human beings do. All species, in fact. there may be a commonality among us all.”

further to looking at the main markers of growing old, they also found that the mice on the supplementsskilled enhancement in vision and maximum remarkably in the experience of smell — the loss of that’sregularly associated with neurological sicknessadvanced stability and motor activity.

the next step inside the studies is to test the supplement on people, possibly in the subsequent twoyears, and goal those who are dealing with neurodegenerative sicknesses. The research is posted on line in the journal Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis.