Superbug death spurs drug regulator warning

Superbug death spurs drug regulator warning (Kevin Shine/Getty Images)Superbug death spurs drug regulator warning (Kevin Shine/Getty Images)
In the wake of the recent death of an American woman after contracting an infection resistant to antibiotics, the drug regulator has directed the pharma supply chain, including retailers, chemists and drug makers, to strictly follow norms while selling antibiotics.

The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) has also asked companies to carry specified warnings to avoid antimicrobial resistance. “To contain anti-microbial resistance, the office has been advising the supply chain system in India to follow strict requirements of Schedule H and H1 for sale of medicines,” DCGI G N Singh said in a notice issued to all state regulators and other stakeholders.

The Centre has also asked state drug regulators to take “strong policy measures including stringent regulatory action on the over-the-counter (without prescription) sale of high-end antibiotics”.

An American woman, who contracted an infection while being treated for a thigh bone fracture in India two years ago, died recently. CDC Atlanta, which houses one of world’s most advanced laboratories, conducted tests on the wound specimen later and confirmed the presence of New Delhi Metallo-Beta-Lactamase (NDM) – a superbug that makes bacteria resistant to antibiotics. The incident has triggered a lot of concerns among health experts. Though antibiotic resistance is a global public health threat, misuse of antibiotics is rampant in India. According to a 2016 report in international journal PLOS, the infectious disease mortality rate in India is 416.75 per 100,000 persons and is twice the rate prevailing in the United States when antibiotics were introduced.

Experts blame poor public health systems, hospital infection, high rates of infectious disease, inexpensive antibiotics, and rising incomes for the increasing prevalence of resistant pathogens. Antimicrobial resistance has resulted in striking rise in the burden of untreatable neonatal sepsis and health-care-associated infections. To check irrational use of antibiotics, the government has already introduced a ‘red line’ differentiating high end antibiotics from other drugs. The move is aimed at discouraging unnecessary prescription and over-the-counter sale of antibiotics causing drug resistance for several critical diseases including TB, malaria, urinary tract infection and even HIV.

High-end antibiotics are used for critical diseases and in serious infection cases. These also include some new and innovative medicines used in cancer treatments. However, misuse of such antibiotics for common health conditions help bacteria develop resistance.

The government is running campaigns against irrational prescriptions and over the counter sale of antibiotics. The World Health Organisation has also created pressure on India seeking urgent and concrete measures to arrest the reducing effectiveness of antibiotics. It has cautioned the government and public health experts that if enough was not done now, common bacterial infections such as skin sores or diaorrhea would become untreatable and fatal


New drug can create ‘good’ fat to combat obesity

<p>New drug can create 'good' fat to combat obesity<br></p>New drug can create ‘good’ fat to combat obesity

Scientists have identified a new drug that can create beneficial “brown” or “good” fat to boost metabolism, combat obesityand Type II diabetes.

Researchers from Gladstone Institutes San Francisco in the US treated mice with a drug called bexarotene (Bex) and found they had more “brown fat, faster metabolisms and less body weight gain, even after being fed a high-calorie diet”.

“All current weight loss drugs control appetite and there is nothing on the market that targets energy expenditure. Introducing brown fat is an exciting new approach to treating obesity and associated metabolic diseases, such as diabetes,” said Baoming Nie from the Gladstone Institutes.

Scientists used cellular reprogramming to convert muscle precursor cells and white fat cells into “brown” fat cells and said it could be a new way to combat obesity and type II diabetes.

“Bex acts on a protein called retinoid X receptor (RXR), which controls a network of other cellular proteins. Specifically, when RXR was stimulated by Bex, it turned on genes needed to produce “brown” fat and turned off genes linked to white fat or muscle,” the study explained.

Brown fat, unlike white fat, helps the body burn energy through heat.

“However, while Bex is very effective at creating brown fat cells, it is not a very specific drug, and there are several potential side effects that may arise from taking it,” said Sheng Ding from Gladstone.

Researchers noted that infants are born with small amounts of brown fat, but as they age, most of it disappears.

“In adults, people with higher amounts of brown fat have lower body mass, and increasing brown fat by as little as 50 grams could lead up to a 10 to 20 pound weight loss in one year,” noted the study published in the journal Cell Reports


Dear men, work-related stress may cause cancer

ANI | Jan 18, 2017, 04.00 PM IST

Dear men, work-related stress may cause cancerDear men, work-related stress may cause cancer
The findings indicate that the link was observed in men, who had been exposed to 15 to 30 years of work-related stressand in some cases, more than 30 years.

According to the study published in journal of Preventive Medicine, prolonged exposure of men to work-related stress has been linked to an increased likelihood of lung, colon, rectal and stomach cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Researchers at INRS and Universite de Montreal in Canada conducted the study to assess the link between cancer and work-related stress perceived by men throughout their working life.

On average, the study participants had held four jobs, with some holding up to a dozen or more during their working lifetime.

A link between work-related stress and cancer was not found in participants who had held stressful jobs for less than 15 years.

Significant links to five of the eleven cancers considered in the study were revealed.

The most stressful jobs included firefighter, industrial engineer, aerospace engineer, mechanic foreman, and vehicle and railway-equipment repair worker and for the same individual, stress varied depending on the job held.

The study also shows that perceived stress is not limited to high work load and time constraints.

“One of the biggest flaws in previous cancer studies is that none of them assessed work-related stress over a full working lifetime, making it impossible to determine how the duration of exposure to work-related stress affects cancer development,” the authors explained.

“Our study shows the importance of measuring stress at different points in an individual’s working life,” the authors noted.

Customer service, sales commissions, responsibilities, the participant’s anxious temperament, job insecurity, financial problems, challenging or dangerous work conditions, employee supervision, interpersonal conflict and a difficult commute were all sources of stress listed by the participants.


8 stubborn workout myths that you need to stop trusting

TNN | January 18, 2017
Things you got wrong about workout

1/9Things you got wrong about workout
It is rare that a sedentary lifestyle and a fit body go hand in hand. What’s more? Different trainers in different gyms tell us things that are contradictory in nature, leaving us in a quandary. What to do first – cardio or weights? Should women do weights or not? These are questions often unanswered. So, here we bring to you some prevalent myths about working out we all need to forget.
MYTH 1: Electrolytes are required after every workout

2/9MYTH 1: Electrolytes are required after every workout
FACT: This totally depends on the duration and intensity of your workout. If your workout is not intense then instead of consuming electrolytes, have coconut water. There are some electrolyte-pumped energy drinks with extra sugar in them, which can actually slow down the fat-burning process. So, if your workout plan demands electrolytes, then check for sugar content in them.
MYTH 2: Cardio comes first

3/9MYTH 2: Cardio comes first
FACT: Running or performing cardio exercises reduces glycogen levels, which prevents the body from hard and vigorous work-out sessions. Before cardio, weight training should be done as this will increase testosterone and cortisol levels that are beneficial for intense work-out. People who cannot perform weights and cardio in separate sessions should definitely do weights first to gain more strength and power. However, there are certain exceptions where cardio can be performed before weights. For instance, for older individuals, who need a proper warm up, performing 10 to 20 minutes of cardio activity before strength can be rational. Also, if your fitness goal is to increase endurance, then doing cardio before weight is suggested.
MYTH 3. Squats are bad for your knees

4/9MYTH 3. Squats are bad for your knees
FACT: Experts say that full squats are actually good for your knees if done in a proper posture. Squatting knees over the toes, butt to the floor, hamstrings casing calves, chest up is the most effective way to squat. Unless you are suffering from any knee injury or have been diagnosed with joint diseases, a few tips from your fitness expert can actually prevent knee pain through squatting. But if your knee still hurts, then focus more on non-weight bearing moves to isolate muscles that support the knee joints.
MYTH 4. Flat footed people cannot run fast

5/9MYTH 4. Flat footed people cannot run fast
FACT: The biggest problem with flat footed people is over-pronation, a stride where the ankle rolls inward during each step. Undoubtedly, flat footed people face difficulty in running fast but once they know the technique to run properly, they can run as fast as any person with arched feet. Alan Webb, Steve Plasencia, and Haile Gebrselassie are some famous athletes and Olympic gold medalists with flat foot!
MYTH 5. Weight training makes women bulky

6/9MYTH 5. Weight training makes women bulky
FACT: Before discussing this point, it is required to know that bulky here means gaining excessive muscle mass. Weight training exercises don’t make women bulky, rather they make their body strong and healthy. Weight training exercises can make men gain more muscle mass than women as they have different hormones. But, remember if you are on steroids, then muscle mass tends to increase. To be bulky and manly you need a lot of testosterone. Unless you are not injecting any steroids, you need not worry.
MYTH 6. Men can’t gain muscle after 40

7/9MYTH 6. Men can’t gain muscle after 40
FACT: It is little harder because of the age factor, but one can gain muscle mass even after the age of 40. You need to follow the right type of training, should eat right with a regular fitness plan. Your body becomes creaky, and power starts to dip so it is important to make a few changes to your lifestyle to get desired muscle mass.
MYTH 7. High protein diet is bad for your kidney

8/9MYTH 7. High protein diet is bad for your kidney
FACT: Mostly, people who have regular workout regime are instructed to have protein rich diet. Proteins are beneficial for kidneys as they help them to function properly. High-protein diets don’t cause any harm to people who are healthy and active but people with unhealthy kidneys should always be cautious. Along with the protein intake, keep yourself well hydrated.
MYTH 8. There is no point of workout if you can’t exercise hard

9/9MYTH 8. There is no point of workout if you can’t exercise hard
FACT: Exercising is important than working out hard. Researchers have found that even a moderate work out is beneficial to reduce several diseases like heart-attacks and strokes.

(Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)


7 penis size myths you need to debunk

TNN | January 17, 2017
The right penis size: Myths and Facts

1/8The right penis size: Myths and Facts
52 per cent want it longer, 34 per cent want it thicker – or so says a survey conducted by a health website. Wanting a bigger penis size is like wanting a Ferrari – there’s hardly anyone who wouldn’t want it. Men always obsess over the answer to this one question in their lives – Are they big enough? But it is time we break it to them that the size of their willy may not matter so much. You got to clear the fusty air by stopping to believe the following set of myths about the right penis size.
(Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)
MYTH: The bigger the penis, the better it gets

2/8MYTH: The bigger the penis, the better it gets
A lot of men believe that the bigger their manhood, the more they will satisfy their women. They need to know that for most women, there are many things that come before a penis size. Or in fact, penis size may not even make to the list of their considerations. In fact, many women relate bigger penises to a painful intercourse. This was also reported by a 2014 study of women in a village in Kenya, who would cheat on their well-endowed men due to pain caused during the intercourse.
(Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)
MYTH: Big penis only means more pleasure

3/8MYTH: Big penis only means more pleasure
On the contrary, a big penis may mean pain. Having a well-endowed penis is not so simple and there actually exist guides on how to date a guy who is big down there. A large penis needs more preparation and carefulness. And this has led to the urban slang that a lot of women use as their priority penis size – Boyfriend penis. This refers to a penis that is an average length but not an extraordinary size.
(Image Courtesy: Vincent Besnault/Getty Images)
MYTH: A penis can never be too big for a vagina

4/8MYTH: A penis can never be too big for a vagina
Size can in fact be a compatibility issue – your size and her vagina may not always bond well. Generally, most vaginas can accommodate sizes of different lengths and widths but there are cases when it can become too big for her, though the reasons are mostly rectifiable. Her vagina could be dehydrated or she may not be aroused enough, so make sure that such conditions do not hamper your chemistry.
(Image Courtesy: Pinterest)
MYTH: Sex is only about penetration

5/8MYTH: Sex is only about penetration
Most of the nerve endings in female genital region are on the outside than the inside. A study revealed that among sexually experienced women, close to two-third reported that a longer penis either did not affect their reaching orgasm at all, or it made it more difficult for them to climax. But, it still remains important for a third of

MP: Academic achievements of 78 lakh students to be evaluated

The evaluation of academic achievements of 78 lakh students pursuing studies from class 1 to 8 in government run 1.14 lakh schools across the state would be carried out during Pratibha-Parva campaign starting today.

Three-day Pratibha-Parv campaign would conclude on January 20 (Image source: MP Education portal)

Three-day Pratibha-Parv campaign would conclude on January 20 (Image source: MP Education portal)

  • Delhi Nursery admissions: Two minority schools move HC against guidelines
  • Himachal Pradesh: Government to establish university for medical sciences
  • HP Board Exam 2017: Datesheet released at
  • Nursery admission denied: RTE Act challenged in Gujarat High Court
  • Universities must obtain approval from UGC and AICTE to tie up with foreign universities

To evaluate the academic achievements of 78 lakh students of class one to eight, the School Education department of Madhya Pradesh has started a three-day campaign, Pratibha Parv from today, i.e. January 18.

Pratibha-Parv to conclude on January 20:

  • “The evaluation of academic achievements of 78 lakh students pursuing studies from class 1 to 8 in government run 1.14 lakh schools across the state would be carried out during Pratibha-Parva campaign starting today,” a public relations department official said
  • “Three-day Pratibha-Parv campaign would conclude on January 20,” he said.

Things to be evaluated:

Progress in basic and subject based capabilities:

  • He informed that the progress in basic and subject based capabilities will be evaluated during this campaign. “Verification officer will be present in each school to authenticate the evaluation. The School Education department has made content based interesting questions for evaluation this year,” he added
  • The officer informed that subject based evaluation of the children will be made on first and second day of this campaign, while Bal-Sabha will be organised as an annual function on the third day, when parents would also be invited.

Bal Sabha to be organised on third day:

“The cultural, sports and other activities of students will be organised in the presence of parents. Cent percent participation of students in any of the activities will be ensured during Bal-Sabha,” he added.

Steps to be taken to make Pratibha-Parva as per the international standards

  • The officer said that in order to make Pratibha-Parva evaluation in accordance with international standards and the criterion laid under National Achievement Survey, the action is being initiated with a ‘sample study’ of the Hindi, mathematics, science and environment studies in classes 3, 5 and 8 in cooperation with UNICEF
  • “For this, 60 schools of primary level and a similar number of middle schools in each district have been selected for this special study,” he added
  • He said that the data analysis of students of these sample schools will be undertaken at state level by the experts. “On the basis of experts’ report, the policy decisions will be taken towards upgradation of educational quality in the coming years. Third party evaluation will be made by the UNICEF,” he added.

Read: Bengal to give priority on the progress of girl, EWS


Himachal Pradesh: Government to establish university for medical sciences

“All medical courses from six months to five years duration and also the Ayurvedic colleges would be affiliated to the proposed university and a comprehensible bill is being drafted for approval of the Cabinet,” said Health and Family Welfare Minister Kaul Singh Thakur.

  • National level entrance test for B.Ed admissions soon: HRD
  • HP Board Exams 2017: Class 12, Class 10 exams to begin from this date
  • Bengal to give priority on the progress of girl, EWS students: State Education Minister
  • CIC directs CBSE to share Smriti Irani’s class 10th and 12th school records
  • Circular regarding selection panel to choose school heads put on hold by CBSE

With a number of medical education institutions functional in the government and private sectors in Himachal Pradesh and more on the lists, the state government has proposed to set up a university of medical sciences to regulate medical education.

Views of HP Family and Welfare Minister

  •  “All medical courses from six months to five years duration and also the ayurvedic Colleges would be affiliated to the proposed university and a comprehensible bill is being drafted for approval of the Cabinet,” said Health and Family Welfare Minister Kaul Singh Thakur
  • The proposal had already been discussed between the health and ayurvedic departments at the ministerial and officer’s levels and both the departments have concurred. A comprehensive bill is being drafted and the same would be approved by the cabinet and introduced during the budget session of the Assembly, Thakur said

Four medical colleges and one dental college are functional in government sector while one private medical college, 21 nursing colleges, 33 institutions running GNS courses, two ayurvedic colleges and some other medical education institutions are functional in the state while three more government medical colleges at Ner Chowk, Chamba and Hamirpur are in the pipeline


Water boards should inspect Delhi government schools on rain water harvesting, directs NGT

A bench, headed by NGT Chief Justice Swatanter Kumar, directed CGWA and DJB to carry out joint inspection in five schools in each category to probe whether they have failed to harvest rain water or not.

NGT has directed the CGWA and DJB to inspect private and government schools on rain water harvesting

NGT has directed the CGWA and DJB to inspect private and government schools on rain water harvesting

  • Himachal Pradesh: Government to establish university for medical sciences
  • HP Board Exam 2017: Datesheet released at
  • Nursery admission denied: RTE Act challenged in Gujarat High Court
  • Universities must obtain approval from UGC and AICTE to tie up with foreign universities
  • National level entrance test for B.Ed admissions soon: HRD

The National Green Tribunal has directed the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) and the Delhi Jal Board (DJB) to inspect private and government schools in New Delhi, after a plea alleged that they were unable to install rain water harvesting systems (RWHS) in their premises.

A bench, headed by NGT Chief Justice Swatanter Kumar, directed CGWA and DJB to carry out joint inspection in five schools in each category to probe whether they have failed to harvest rain water or not.

What has the bench said?

“DJB and CGWA will conduct a joint inspection of any five major government schools and five major private schools in the city and report if the rain water harvesting systems are in existence and are operational appropriately,” the bench said while allowing the petitioner to participate in the inspection.

The direction came during hearing of a plea of Mahesh Chandra Saxena, who claimed to be associated with an NGO working in the field of ground water conservation. He has claimed that government departments, educational institutions and residential societies have either not installed rain water harvesting (RWH) systems or these were non-functional.


A beginner’s guide to IFTTT on Android

if this then that android

I’m not prone to outbursts of joy, especially when it comes to technology.

One of the few times it’s happened, however, was when I discovered how much you can do with IFTTT. Suddenly tasks that required multiple steps or continuously logging in to services were done automatically. As much as every company here and there promises to simplify your life or “automate” things, IFTTT is one of the few services that does it successfully and with relative ease.

I find it essential for both saving me time and performing tasks that your smartphone wouldn’t be able to do otherwise. And as IFTTT has become more popular, the number of services it integrates with has grown fast. You’ll be hard-pressed to find something that you use without some type of supported recipe.

Perhaps you’ve seen how so many people rave about it, and wondered what all the fuss was. Or you’ve used the service before, and would like a little of a refresher before getting started. Either way, spending the time in getting to know IFTTT will be well worth it.

Getting started

IFTTT is built with a number of applets, which auto perform specific tasks. From the beginning pack, for example, you can direct your phone to automatically mute at a specific bedtime each day, send your Fitbit daily statistics to a Google spreadsheet, or tell the Google Assistant to call your phone if it you can’t find it.

google assistant callGreenbot
If you have a Google Home, you can use IFTTT to call it when it goes missing.

First, you’ll need to grab the IFTTT Android app and create an account. You should enable two-factor authentication, which can be verified with an SMS message or from an app like Google Authenticator.

IFTTT does a good job at holding your hand through the startup process. There’s a batch of suggested Applets of varying quality. I use the mute your phone at night Applet so that way I don’t have to do it myself each evening. There are also several IFTTT integrations grouped together from services like the Google Assistant, Alexa, and everyday tools like Office 365, Google Drive, and Spotify.

ifttt applets androidGreenbot
Many great integrations just need a couple of taps to enable.

Find your applets

In IFTTT lingo, each of these integrations that produce a desired result are called “applets.” Many excellent ones are already made for you by the companies themselves or the extensive IFTTT community.

Here’s an example. This Applet automatically turns off your phone’s WiFi when your battery is low. All you have to do is click the “on” button and you’re set to go.

android phone wifiGreenbot
Many IFTTT applets automate tasks performed on your smartphone.

It’s worth hitting the settings cog to turn off push notifications when Applets run, unless you want to get such pings each time. But in my experience, these get annoying pretty quick if you end up using a large number of applets.

Another plan is to pick and choose which applets will send notifications. For occasional actions like calling your phone, it’s worth it to know that the action went through by getting the notification. For actions you do all the time, not so much.

Some great recipes to check out

As you begin the IFTTT journey, the easiest way to find new applets is to look at the suggested grouping compiled by the experts at IFTTT. There’s a general getting started section that includes applets like automatically tracking your work hours in Google Calendar or syncing Instagram pictures to a Pinterest board.

Once you pick something by a particular app or service, you’ll need to connect it to IFTTT. Grant the requested permissions so you can start the magic.

connect to gmailGreenbot
Connect services you use regularly to IFTTT for all of your integration needs.

When it comes to finding applets that make your smartphone life easier, there are several targeted just for Android. You can do such tasks as letting you ask the Google Assistant to ring your phone if it’s missing, back up images to Google Drive (if you’re not particular to Photos), or logging calls to a Google Sheet.

ifttt options

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There’s an array of choices for automating numerous tasks with IFTTT.

If you haven’t sprung for Google’s all-knowing oracle, there are still plenty of good applets to partake in. Evernote and Spotify feature prominently, so you can get work done and improve your music listening.

spotify iftttGreenbot
IFTTT can improve your Spotify experience.

There isn’t as much support for OneNote, which is unfortunate as I’ve found it to have passed Evernote in functionality. Google Keep isn’t here yet, but hopefully some APIs open up to allow this as Google tries to build up the service.

However, for many services you can create your own applet. It’s called a “recipe,” and with the right ingredients you can do just about anything.

Get to the kitchen

A good way to get started is to take an existing applet and then tweak it into your own recipe. Once you master this process, there are far fewer limits to what you can do.

There wasn’t an applet for sending an email from Gmail to OneNote. So I created one. I first selected Gmail as the “if,” then went to set the parameters for “that” from OneNote.

ifttt onenoteGreenbot
With a little patience, you can create your own recipes.

The complexity of the ingredients is going to depend upon the recipe. For example, this recipe adds new contacts to a Google spreadsheet. But you have a lot of choices for how the data will be formatted.

ifttt triggersGreenbot
You can get extremely detailed with your IFTTT recipes.

Other IFTTT applets are helpful for your workday. There are many for Slack, such as setting up a message to send each day (such as a daily reminder for your team) or other popular services like Trello and Buffer. Use the search tool inside of the app to see if what you use is there. Odds are, it is.

Keep experimenting

IFTTT is strongest when you make the most of it through your own recipes. If you don’t see something that does exactly what you want, then you can try to create it yourself. More advanced users and those who work in the technology industry have access to a larger set of developer tools.

Going forward, IFTTT is angling to be the glue that ties in disparate services together. It reminded me of the way that Alexa was integrated into so many products at IFTTT. We increasingly rely on an extended number of services and hardware, and we want it all to talk to one another with ease. Even if you go all-in with Google services, and if the Google Assistant begins to match Alexa with third-party integration, there’s always going to be a place for smarter connections and more customized automation that IFTTT can produce.

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eprom microchip supermacro

Computer scientists in Singapore and Germany have collaborated to create a resistive RAM chip that not only stores data but can act as a computer processor.

The breakthrough uses state-of-the-art memory chips known as Redox-based, resistive switching random access memory (ReRAM) and could lead to much faster and thinner mobile devices. Today’s computers must transfer data from the memory storage to the processor unit for computation, which along with slowing performance also requires more power.

“This is like having a long conversation with someone through a tiny translator, which is a time-consuming and effort-intensive process,” said Anupam Chattopadhyay, an assistant professor at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore. “We are now able to increase the capacity of the translator, so it can process data more efficiently.”

While the new circuit saves time and energy by eliminating data transfers between disparate storage and processors, it can also boost the speed of  processors found in laptops and mobile devices by at least two times or more, the researchers said.

By making the memory chip perform computing tasks, space can be saved by eliminating the processor, leading to thinner, smaller and lighter electronics. The discovery could also lead to new design possibilities for consumer electronics and wearable technology, the researcher said.

NTU researchers worked with others from Germany’s RWTH Aachen University and Forschungszentrum Juelich to create the new memory chips. Their research was published in the peer reviewed journal Scientific Reports.

Also known as memristor, the ReRAM came from global chipmakers such as SanDisk and Panasonic. ReRAM chips are one of the fastest memories on the market and are already commercially available for IoT applications. In 2015, Hewlett-Packard and SanDisk also announced an agreement to jointly develop “Storage Class Memory” (SCM) ReRAM that could replace DRAM and would be 1,000 times faster than NAND flash.

Until memristor, researchers knew of only three basic circuit elements—the resistor, the capacitor and the inductor. Memristor added a fourth, which consumed far less energy than previous technologies.

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An artist’s rendition of ReRAM memory. Tiny conductive filaments crisscross and connect silicon layers to represent a bit of data.

While ReRAM has been under development for many years as a storage technology, NTU’s Chattopadhyay, in collaboration with Professor Rainer Waser from RWTH Aachen University and Vikas Rana from Forschungszentrum Juelich, demonstrated for the first time how it could also process data.

“The quest for faster processing is one of the most pressing needs for industries worldwide, as computer software is getting increasingly complex while data centers have to deal with more information than ever,” the researchers stated in a news release.

How the ReRAM works

Computer processors today use the binary system where bits of data are represented as either a 0 or a 1. For example, the letter A will be processed and stored as 01000001, an 8-bit character.

However, the prototype ReRAM circuit built by Chattopadhyay and the other researchers processes data in three states instead of two. For example, it can store and process data as 0, 1 or 2, known as the Ternary number system.

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A microscopic sideview photo of a Resistive RAM circuit where tiny conductive filaments crisscross and connect silicon layers to represent a bit of data.

“Because ReRAM uses different electrical resistance to store information, it could be possible to store the data in an even higher number of states, hence speeding up computing tasks beyond current limitations,” the researchers stated.

The researchers plan to develop the ReRAM to process more than its current three states, which will lead to even greater improvements of computing speeds.

Using ReRAM for computing will be more cost-effective than other bleeding-edge computing technologies on the horizon, since ReRAMs will be available in the market soon.

“Using them not only for data storage but also for computation could open a completely new route towards an effective use of energy in the information technology,” Waser stated.

This story, “Researchers create wild ReRAM memory chips that store data and act like a processor” was originally published by Computerworld.

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Google’s low-cost Android One program may expand to the U.S.

google io sundar pinchai android one

When Google launched its Android One program in 2014 it was designed for one main reason: to create a system of standards for phones in developing countries. Targeting emerging markets in Pakistan, India, the Philippines, Indonesia, and others, the program dictated minimum hardware standards and limited software tweaks to insure people everywhere had access to low-cost phones that still provided regular security updates and the latest Android features.

Now it looks like the program is on its way to the U.S.

According to a report in The Information, Google is looking to launch its first Android One phone in the States “before the middle of the year,” and is eyeing LG as a potential manufacturer. Yesterday, VentureBeat divulged that Google would be partnering with LG on the release of its first Android Wear watch, but The Information’s report doesn’t say whether the two companies would be collaborating on the development of the Android One handset.

As Amir Efrati explains, the U.S. launch of Android One is backed by “major new promotional dollars” for phone makers that play by Google’s rules. The first handset is expected to be priced between $200 and $300, and all subsequent models will need to adhere to Google’s strict guidelines “to ensure that they’re fast and responsive—and that they stay that way over time.”

android one lava pixel v1


The Lava Pixel V1 phone is part of the Android One program.

While Google hasn’t divulged the terms of its specifications, the phones highlighted on Google’s Android One site all feature a minimum of a Cortex A7 1.3 GHz quad-core processor, 1GB of RAM, 4GB of internal storage, and a 1,700 mAh battery. It’s unclear whether the requirements of the U.S. phones would need to adhere to different standards than those made for overseas markets.

The story behind the story: One of the biggest problems facing low-cost Android phones in the U.S. is that they are often bogged down by carrier and manufacturer bloatware, as well as a lack of timely security and OS updates. A push by Google into the U.S. with Android One would be an interesting move, especially if it’s backed by a strong advertising campaign.

With the Pixel, Google introduced a mainstream phone that enjoys timely updates. Bringing that kind of attention to budget phones in the U.S. could begin to shake up the low-end of the market. The truth is, many people don’t know that they won’t be getting the latest version of Android after they purchase their phone, so anything Google can do to stress the importance of regular updates will be an important step.

This story, “Google’s low-cost Android One program may expand to the U.S.” was originally published by Greenbot.